adaptation


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ad·ap·ta·tion

 (ăd′ăp-tā′shən)
n.
1.
a. The act or process of adapting.
b. The state of being adapted.
2.
a. Something, such as a device or mechanism, that is changed or changes so as to become suitable to a new or special application or situation.
b. A composition that has been recast into a new form: The play is an adaptation of a short novel.
3. Biology
a. The alteration or adjustment in structure or habits, often occurring through natural selection, by which a species or individual becomes better able to function in its environment.
b. A structure or habit that results from this process.
4. Physiology The responsive adjustment of a sense organ, such as the eye, to varying conditions, such as light intensity.
5. Change in behavior of a person or group in response to new or modified surroundings.

ad′ap·ta′tion·al adj.
ad′ap·ta′tion·al·ly adv.

adaptation

(ˌædəpˈteɪʃən; ˌædæp-)
n
1. the act or process of adapting or the state of being adapted; adjustment
2. something that is produced by adapting something else
3. something that is changed or modified to suit new conditions or needs
4. (Biology) biology an inherited or acquired modification in organisms that makes them better suited to survive and reproduce in a particular environment
5. (Physiology) physiol the decreased response of a sense organ to a repeated or sustained stimulus
6. (Psychology) psychol (in learning theory) the weakening of a response to a stimulus with repeated presentation of the stimulus without reinforcement; applied mainly to innate responses
7. (Social Welfare) social welfare alteration to a dwelling to make it suitable for a disabled person, as by replacing steps with ramps

ad•ap•ta•tion

(ˌæd əpˈteɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the act of adapting or the state of being adapted.
2. something produced by adapting: an adaptation of a play for television.
3.
a. any beneficial alteration in an organism resulting from natural selection by which the organism survives and multiplies in its environment.
b. a form or structure modified to fit a changed environment.
c. the ability of a species to survive in a particular ecological niche, esp. because of alterations of form or behavior brought about through natural selection.
4. the decrease in response of sensory receptor organs, as those of vision or touch, to changed, constantly applied environmental conditions.
5. the regulating by the pupil of the quantity of light entering the eye.
6. a slow, usu. unconscious modification of individual or collective behavior in adjusting to cultural surroundings.
[1600–10; < Medieval Latin adaptātiō < Latin adaptā(re) to adapt]
ad`ap•ta′tion•al, adj.
ad`ap•ta′tion•al•ly, adv.

ad·ap·ta·tion

(ăd′ăp-tā′shən)
A change or adjustment in an animal or plant that increases its chance of survival in a specific environment. Adaptation can involve changes in a body part or in behavior: Wings are an adaptation of the forelimbs of a bird for flight.
Did You Know? The gazelle is extremely fast, and the cheetah is even faster. These traits are adaptations—characteristics or behaviors that give an organism an edge in the struggle for survival. Darwinian theory holds that adaptations are the result of a two-stage process: random variation and natural selection. Random variation results from slight genetic differences. For example, one cheetah in a group may be slightly faster than the others and thus have a better chance of catching a gazelle. The faster cheetah therefore has a better chance of being well-fed and living long enough to produce offspring. Since the cheetah's young have the same genes that made this parent fast, they are more likely to be fast than the young of slower cheetahs. The process is repeated in each generation, and thereby great speed becomes an adaptation common to cheetahs. This same process of natural selection also favors the fastest gazelles.

Adaptation

 

cut the coat according to the cloth To live within one’s means; to adapt one-self to a situation. The implication is that given only enough cloth to make a waistcoat or vest, one cannot make a full-length coat. Thus, someone with limited funds should be prudent about expenses and not attempt to live beyond his means. Though first cited in the 16th century, the expression was already in common use at the time.

I shall cut my coat after the cloth. (John Hey wood, Dialogue Containing Proverbs and Epigrams, 1562)

stretch one’s legs according to the coverlet To live within one’s means; to adjust to a situation, especially a financial one. This uncommon expression alludes to the way in which one must conform to an undersized bed, being sure not to extend himself beyond the bounds of his coverlet, or bedspread. Figuratively, the expression implies that one must be certain not to overextend himself beyond his resources.

trim one’s sails To reshape or alter one’s opinion, position, or policy to fit the situation; to adapt one-self to the circumstances or the times. To trim the sails was originally a nautical expression meaning to adjust the sails of a ship according to the direction of the wind and the course of the vessel in order to gain the greatest possible advantage.

adaptation

An inherited feature that increases an organism’s chances of survival.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adaptation - a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new formadaptation - a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form; "the play is an adaptation of a short novel"
piece of writing, written material, writing - the work of a writer; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet (especially when considered from the point of view of style and effect); "the writing in her novels is excellent"; "that editorial was a fine piece of writing"
modernization - a modernized version (as of a play)
versification - a metrical adaptation of something (e.g., of a prose text)
2.adaptation - the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)adaptation - the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
acclimation, acclimatisation, acclimatization - adaptation to a new climate (a new temperature or altitude or environment)
dedifferentiation - the loss of specialization in form or function
domestication - adaptation to intimate association with human beings
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
specialisation, specialization, differentiation - (biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function; "cell differentiation in the developing embryo"
3.adaptation - (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light)adaptation - (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light)
dark adaptation - the process of adjusting the eyes to low levels of illumination; cones adapt first; rods continue to adapt for up to four hours
light adaptation - the process of adjusting the eyes to relatively high levels of illumination; the pupil constricts and the cones system is operative
modification, adjustment, alteration - the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms

adaptation

noun
1. acclimatization, naturalization, habituation, familiarization, accustomedness Most creatures are capable of adaptation when necessary.
2. conversion, change, shift, variation, adjustment, transformation, modification, alteration, remodelling, reworking, refitting He won two awards for his screen adaptation of the play.

adaptation

noun
1. The act of making suitable to an end or the condition of being made suitable to an end:
2. Biology. Adjustment to a changing environment:
Translations
تَكَيُّف، تَكْيِيف
adaptacepřizpůsobování
bearbejdningtilpasning
aîlögun
adaptasjonbearbeidelse
prilagoditevpriredba
uyarlamauyum sağlama

adaptation

[ˌædæpˈteɪʃən] N (Bio) → adaptación f; [of text] → versión f

adaptation

[ˌædæpˈteɪʃən] n
[novel, play] → adaptation f
film adaptation → adaptation pour le cinéma
screen adaptation → adaptation à l'écran
television adaptation → adaptation pour la télévision
(= ability to change) → adaptation f
(= modification, improvement) [machine, equipment, system] → adaptation f

adaptation

n
(of person, plant, animal)Anpassung f (→ to an +acc); (of machine)Umstellung f (→ to an +acc); (of vehicle, building)Umbau m; (of text)Bearbeitung f; the adaptation of space technology to medical endsdie Nutzung der Raumfahrttechnik für medizinische Zwecke
(of book, play etc)Adaption f, → Bearbeitung f

adaptation

[ˌædæpˈteɪʃn] nadattamento

adapt

(əˈdӕpt) verb
to change or alter (so as to fit a different situation etc). She always adapted easily to new circumstances; He has adapted the play for television.
ˌadapˈtation (ӕ-) noun
aˈdaptable adjective
willing or able to change to fit in with different circumstances. Children are usually very adaptable.
aˌdaptaˈbility noun
aˈdaptor noun
a device which enables an electrical plug of one type to be used in a socket of another type, or several plugs to be used in the same socket at the same time.

ad·ap·ta·tion

n. adaptación, ajuste.

adaptation

n adaptación f
References in classic literature ?
Nevertheless, the two girls managed to bestow the heterogeneous collection with tasteful adaptation to their needs.
This facile adaptation was at once the symptom of perfect health and its best preservative.
Her nature appeared to possess depth, too, as well as variety; but -- or else Hester's fears deceived her -- it lacked reference and adaptation to the world into which she was born.
Micawber, I must observe, in his adaptation of himself to a new state of society, had acquired a bold buccaneering air, not absolutely lawless, but defensive and prompt.
It did my heart good to see how happy this artistic adaptation of the truth made her; and I must say that she never had a wiser friend.
Don Quixote laughed at the adaptation of the name, and the curate bestowed vast praise upon the worthy and honourable resolution he had made, and again offered to bear him company all the time that he could spare from his imperative duties.
No portion of the masonry had fallen; and there appeared to be a wild inconsistency between its still perfect adaptation of parts, and the crumbling condition of the individual stones.
So exquisite is the adaptation of Bass to Treble, of Tenor to Contralto, that oftentimes the Loved Ones, though twenty thousand leagues away, recognize at once the responsive note of their destined Lover; and, penetrating the paltry obstacles of distance, Love unites the three.
3) By employing the officers of his army without discrimination, through ignorance of the military principle of adaptation to circumstances.
A want of keeping is observable sometimes in the character of the several pieces of furniture, but generally in their colours or modes of adaptation to use Very often the eye is offended by their inartistic arrangement.
It was an adaptation of the Anglo-Saxon 'wyrm,' meaning a dragon or snake; or from the Gothic 'waurms,' a serpent; or the Icelandic 'ormur,' or the German
There is no adaptation or universal applicability in men, but each has his special talent, and the mastery of successful men consists in adroitly keeping themselves where and when that turn shall be oftenest to be practised.

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