adiponectin


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Related to adiponectin: ghrelin, Resistin

ad·i·po·nec·tin

 (ăd′ə-pə-nĕk′tĭn)
n.
A polypeptide hormone that is secreted by fat cells and regulates glucose and lipid metabolism, especially by increasing insulin sensitivity and muscle uptake of glucose and by decreasing glucose production in the liver.

[Latin adeps, adip-, fat + Latin nectere, to bind; see ned- in Indo-European roots + -in.]
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, studies have suggested that reduced adiponectin expression could play an important role in the development of alcohol-induced liver damage (Xu et al.
7) It was demonstrated by previous reports that adiponectin protects against the development of kidney stones.
Adipose tissues produce leptin and adiponectin to regulate feeding behaviour and also generate pro- and anti-inflammatory adipokines to modulate inflammatory responses.
Among these many adipokines includes; adiponectin, leptin, resistin, visfatin, adipsin, apelin, cheperin and retinol binding protein-4 (RBP-4) [2,4].
Primary analyses assessed the difference in cardiometabolic outcomes between EPA and DHA groups, including plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-18, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-[alpha], and adiponectin.
com)-- ALPCO recently released new and improved, highly specific Total Adiponectin and HMW & Total Adiponectin ELISAs.
ELISA method was used for measurements of plasma and breast cyst fluids leptin (TECOmedical AG, Sissach, Switzerland), adiponectin (TECOmedical AG, Sissach, Switzerland), resistin (R&D, Minneapolis, MN, USA), visfatin/NAPMT (BioVendor, Brno, The Czech Republic), TNF-[alpha] (R&D, Minneapolis, MN, USA), IL-6 (R&D, Minneapolis, MN, USA), with the lower limit of sensitivity of 0.
In addition to insulin and glucagon, a variety of secreted proteins including adiponectin, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), and C1q/TNF-[alpha]-related protein 1 (CTRP1) influence each other to regulate glucose homeostasis.
Adiponectin is a 244-amino-acid protein with a molecular weight of 28 kDa which modulates many metabolic processes, especially the metabolism of carbohydrates and fatty acids, indirectly affecting insulin resistance [10, 11].
Adiponectin is another hormone that is essential for fat burning.