adjective


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Related to adjective: predicate adjective

adjective

Adjectives are used almost exclusively to modify nouns, as well as any phrase or part of speech functioning as a noun.
There is a huge variety of adjectives in English. While many words are inherently adjectival, such as colors (red, black, yellow, etc.) or characteristics (strong, weak, nice, etc.), there are also several categories of adjectives that are formed from other sources.
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ad·jec·tive

 (ăj′ĭk-tĭv)
n. Abbr. a. or adj.
1. The part of speech that modifies a noun or other substantive by limiting, qualifying, or specifying and distinguished in English morphologically by one of several suffixes, such as -able, -ous, -er, and -est, or syntactically by position directly preceding a noun or nominal phrase.
2. Any of the words belonging to this part of speech, such as white in the phrase a white house.
adj.
1. Adjectival: an adjective clause.
2. Law Specifying the processes by which rights are enforced, as opposed to the establishing of such rights; remedial: adjective law.
3. Not standing alone; derivative or dependent.

[Middle English, from Old French adjectif, from Late Latin adiectīvus, from adiectus, past participle of adicere, to add to : ad-, ad- + iacere, to throw; see yē- in Indo-European roots.]

ad′jec·tive·ly adv.

adjective

(ˈædʒɪktɪv)
n
(Grammar)
a. a word imputing a characteristic to a noun or pronoun
b. (as modifier): an adjective phrase. Abbreviation: adj
adj
1. additional or dependent
2. (Law) (of law) relating to court practice and procedure, as opposed to the principles of law dealt with by the courts. Compare substantive7
[C14: from Late Latin adjectīvus attributive, from adjicere to throw to, add, from ad- to + jacere to throw; in grammatical sense, from the Latin phrase nōmen adjectīvum attributive noun]
adjectival adj

ad•jec•tive

(ˈædʒ ɪk tɪv)

n.
1. a member of a class of words functioning as modifiers of nouns, typically by describing, delimiting, or specifying quantity, as nice in a nice day, other in other people, or all in all dogs, and in many languages distinguished by formal characteristics, as often in English by the ability to be used in comparative and superlative forms. Abbr.: adj.
adj.
2. of, pertaining to, or functioning as an adjective; adjectival: an adjective phrase.
3. not able to stand alone; dependent.
4. Law. pertaining to rules of procedure, rather than those of right (opposed to substantive).
5. (of dye colors) requiring a mordant or the like to render them permanent (opposed to substantive).
[1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin adjectīvum, neuter of adjectīvus= Latin adject(us), past participle of ad(j)icere to attach, add (ad- ad- + -(j)icere, comb. form of jacere to throw) + -īvus -ive]
ad′jec•tive•ly, adv.

adjective

A word that modifies or describes a noun, for example, green” or “happy.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adjective - a word that expresses an attribute of something
adjective - the word class that qualifies nouns
modifier, qualifier - a content word that qualifies the meaning of a noun or verb
descriptive adjective, qualifying adjective - an adjective that ascribes to its noun the value of an attribute of that noun (e.g., `a nervous person' or `a musical speaking voice')
classifying adjective, relational adjective - an adjective that classifies its noun (e.g., `a nervous disease' or `a musical instrument')
positive, positive degree - the primary form of an adjective or adverb; denotes a quality without qualification, comparison, or relation to increase or diminution
comparative, comparative degree - the comparative form of an adjective or adverb; "`faster' is the comparative of the adjective `fast'"; "`less famous' is the comparative degree of the adjective `famous'"; "`more surely' is the comparative of the adverb `surely'"
superlative degree, superlative - the superlative form of an adjective or adverb; "`fastest' is the superlative of the adjective `fast'"; "`least famous' is the superlative degree of the adjective `famous'"; "`most surely' is the superlative of the adverb `surely'"
2.adjective - the word class that qualifies nouns
major form class - any of the major parts of speech of traditional grammar
adjective - a word that expresses an attribute of something
Adj.1.adjective - of or relating to or functioning as an adjective; "adjectival syntax"; "an adjective clause"
2.adjective - relating to court practice and procedure as opposed to the principles of law; "adjective law"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
substantive, essential - defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established; "substantive law"
Translations
byvoeglikebyvoeglike naamwoord
اجرائيصِفَةصِفَه، نَعْتنعتيوصفي
přídavné jméno
tillægsordadjektiv
adjektivo
adjektiivomadussõna
adjektiivilaatusana
שם תואר
pridjevpridjevi
melléknév
adjectivo
adjektivakata sifat
lýsingarorðlÿsingarorî
形容詞形容動詞
형용사
adjectivumverbum adiectum
būdvardisbūdvardinis
adjektīvsīpašības vārds
നാമവിശേഷണം
adjectivadjectival
prídavné meno
pridevnik
придеви
adjektiv
kivumishisifa
คำคุณศัพท์
прикметник
tính từ
形容词形容詞

adjective

[ˈædʒektɪv] Nadjetivo m

adjective

[ˈædʒɪktɪv] nadjectif m

adjective

nAdjektiv nt, → Eigenschaftswort nt

adjective

[ˈædʒɛktɪv] naggettivo

adjective

(ˈӕdʒiktiv) noun
a word which describes a noun. a red flower; air which is cool.
ˌadjecˈtival (-ˈtai-) adjective

adjective

صِفَة přídavné jméno tillægsord Adjektiv επίθετο adjetivo adjektiivi adjectif pridjev aggettivo 形容詞 형용사 bijvoeglijk naamwoord adjektiv przymiotnik adjetivo имя прилагательное adjektiv คำคุณศัพท์ sıfat tính từ 形容词

adjective

n. adjetivo.
References in classic literature ?
the beauty and excellence of this incomparable adjective is unhappily
I have shown what a bother it is to decline a good (male) friend; well this is only a third of the work, for there is a variety of new distortions of the adjective to be learned when the object is feminine, and still another when the object is neuter.
rhythm' is 'rhythmical'; there is no adjective from 'rime' except 'rimed.
Wuthering' being a significant provincial adjective, descriptive of the atmospheric tumult to which its station is exposed in stormy weather.
These two had been boys together in Virginia when that state still ranked as the chief and most imposing member of the Union, and they still coupled the proud and affectionate adjective "old" with her name when they spoke of her.
You have, indeed, flattered me very strongly by representing me as constantly thinking of and for other people, whereas the rest think of themselves alone, but on the other hand you have contradictorily called me "unsocial," which is certainly the last adjective I should have expected to find in the neighborhood of my name.
The gentle oath, the violent adjective, which are typical of our language and which he had cultivated before as a sign of manliness, he now elaborately eschewed.
But he could not find an adjective that would make the line the right length, try how he might.
It must be especially observed in justice to poor Kit that he was by no means of a sentimental turn, and perhaps had never heard that adjective in all his life.
Miss Sawyer shuddered openly at the adjective "lively" as applied to a child; her belief being that though children might be seen, if absolutely necessary, they certainly should never be heard if she could help it.
To be sure our panegyrics were somewhat laconic, consisting in the repetition of that name, united with the potent adjective 'motarkee'.
We would not wish to mislead our readers in their conceptions of any of our characters, and we therefore feel it necessary to add that the adjective, in the preceding agnomen of Mr.