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Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
1. Something attached to another in a dependent or subordinate position. See Synonyms at attachment.
2. A person associated with another in a subordinate or auxiliary capacity.
3. Grammar A clause or phrase added to a sentence that, while not essential to the sentence's structure, amplifies its meaning, such as for several hours in We waited for several hours.
4. Logic A nonessential attribute of a thing.
1. Added or connected in a subordinate or auxiliary capacity: an adjunct clause.
2. Attached to a faculty or staff in a temporary or auxiliary capacity: an adjunct professor of history.
[From Latin adiūnctus, past participle of adiungere, to join to; see adjoin.]
ad·junc′tion (ə-jŭngk′shən) n.
1. something incidental or not essential that is added to something else
2. a person who is subordinate to another
3. (Grammar) grammar
a. part of a sentence other than the subject or the predicate
b. (in systemic grammar) part of a sentence other than the subject, predicator, object, or complement; usually a prepositional or adverbial group
c. part of a sentence that may be omitted without making the sentence ungrammatical; a modifier
4. (Logic) logic another name for accident4
added or connected in a secondary or subordinate position; auxiliary
[C16: from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere to adjoin]
1. something added to another thing but not essential to it.
2. a person associated with lesser rank, authority, etc., in some duty or service; assistant.
3. a person working at an institution, as a college, without full or permanent status.
a. a modifying word or phrase depending on some other word or phrase.
b. an element of clause structure with adverbial function.
5. joined or associated, esp. in an auxiliary or subordinate relationship.
6. attached or belonging without full or permanent status: adjunct professor.
syn: See addition.
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|Noun||1.||adjunct - something added to another thing but not an essential part of it|
accompaniment, complement - something added to complete or embellish or make perfect; "a fine wine is a perfect complement to the dinner"; "wild rice was served as an accompaniment to the main dish"
|2.||adjunct - a person who is an assistant or subordinate to another|
associate - a person who joins with others in some activity or endeavor; "he had to consult his associate before continuing"
|3.||adjunct - a construction that can be used to extend the meaning of a word or phrase but is not one of the main constituents of a sentence|
grammatical construction, construction, expression - a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit; "I concluded from his awkward constructions that he was a foreigner"
|Adj.||1.||adjunct - furnishing added support; "an ancillary pump"; "an adjuvant discipline to forms of mysticism"; "The mind and emotions are auxiliary to each other"|
supportive - furnishing support or assistance; "a supportive family network"; "his family was supportive of his attempts to be a writer"
|2.||adjunct - of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another|
adjunct[ˈædʒʌŋkt] N → adjunto/a m/f, accesorio/a m/f
a. adjunto-a, unido-a, asociado-a, arrimado-a.