adjunct


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adjunct

Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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ad·junct

 (ăj′ŭngkt′)
n.
1. Something attached to another in a dependent or subordinate position. See Synonyms at attachment.
2. A person associated with another in a subordinate or auxiliary capacity.
3. Grammar A clause or phrase added to a sentence that, while not essential to the sentence's structure, amplifies its meaning, such as for several hours in We waited for several hours.
4. Logic A nonessential attribute of a thing.
adj.
1. Added or connected in a subordinate or auxiliary capacity: an adjunct clause.
2. Attached to a faculty or staff in a temporary or auxiliary capacity: an adjunct professor of history.

[From Latin adiūnctus, past participle of adiungere, to join to; see adjoin.]

ad·junc′tion (ə-jŭngk′shən) n.
ad·junc′tive adj.

adjunct

(ˈædʒʌŋkt)
n
1. something incidental or not essential that is added to something else
2. a person who is subordinate to another
3. (Grammar) grammar
a. part of a sentence other than the subject or the predicate
b. (in systemic grammar) part of a sentence other than the subject, predicator, object, or complement; usually a prepositional or adverbial group
c. part of a sentence that may be omitted without making the sentence ungrammatical; a modifier
4. (Logic) logic another name for accident4
adj
added or connected in a secondary or subordinate position; auxiliary
[C16: from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere to adjoin]
adjunctive adj
adjunctively adv
ˈadjunctly adv

ad•junct

(ˈædʒ ʌŋkt)

n.
1. something added to another thing but not essential to it.
2. a person associated with lesser rank, authority, etc., in some duty or service; assistant.
3. a person working at an institution, as a college, without full or permanent status.
4.
a. a modifying word or phrase depending on some other word or phrase.
b. an element of clause structure with adverbial function.
adj.
5. joined or associated, esp. in an auxiliary or subordinate relationship.
6. attached or belonging without full or permanent status: adjunct professor.
[1580–90; < Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere to join to =ad- ad- + jungere to join]
ad•junct′ly, adv.
syn: See addition.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adjunct - something added to another thing but not an essential part of itadjunct - something added to another thing but not an essential part of it
accompaniment, complement - something added to complete or embellish or make perfect; "a fine wine is a perfect complement to the dinner"; "wild rice was served as an accompaniment to the main dish"
inessential, nonessential - anything that is not essential; "they discarded all their inessentials"
2.adjunct - a person who is an assistant or subordinate to anotheradjunct - a person who is an assistant or subordinate to another
associate - a person who joins with others in some activity or endeavor; "he had to consult his associate before continuing"
3.adjunct - a construction that can be used to extend the meaning of a word or phrase but is not one of the main constituents of a sentence
grammatical construction, construction, expression - a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit; "I concluded from his awkward constructions that he was a foreigner"
parenthetical, parenthetical expression - an expression in parentheses; "his writing was full of parentheticals"
Adj.1.adjunct - furnishing added support; "an ancillary pump"; "an adjuvant discipline to forms of mysticism"; "The mind and emotions are auxiliary to each other"
supportive - furnishing support or assistance; "a supportive family network"; "his family was supportive of his attempts to be a writer"
2.adjunct - of or relating to a person who is subordinate to anotheradjunct - of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another
subordinate, low-level - lower in rank or importance

adjunct

noun addition, supplement, accessory, complement, auxiliary, add-on, appendage, addendum, appurtenance Physical therapy is an important adjunct to drug treatments.

adjunct

noun
A subordinate element added to another entity:
Translations

adjunct

[ˈædʒʌŋkt] Nadjunto/a m/f, accesorio/a m/f

adjunct

[ˈædʒʌŋkt] n
(= addition) → complément m
to be an adjunct to sth → être un complément de qch
to be an adjunct of sth → être un complément de qch
(GRAMMAR)complément m

adjunct

nAnhängsel nt; a dictionary is an indispensable adjunct to language learningein Wörterbuch ist unerlässlich fürs Sprachenlernen

adjunct

[ˈædʒʌŋkt] n (gen) → aggiunta (Gram) → complemento

adjunct

a. adjunto-a, unido-a, asociado-a, arrimado-a.
References in classic literature ?
But you speak of instruction, and of a profession; are you an adjunct to the provincial corps, as a master of the noble science of defense and offense; or, perhaps, you are one who draws lines and angles, under the pretense of expounding the mathematics?
Elsewhere either the two are widely apart, or the telephone is a mere adjunct of a telegraphic department.
But nature had provided against this by giving her a natural counterpoise, which rendered needless the deceitful adjunct of a bustle; in Rose Cormon everything was genuine.
While I was much interested in Dejah Thoris' explanation of this wonderful adjunct to Martian warfare, I was more concerned by the immediate problem of their treatment of her.
She was a mere adjunct in the twilight life of her aunt, a Frenchwoman, and her uncle, the orange merchant, a Basque peasant, to whom her other uncle, the great man of the family, the priest of some parish in the hills near Tolosa, had sent her up at the age of thirteen or thereabouts for safe keeping.
Contenting myself with the certainty that Music, in its various modes of metre, rhythm, and rhyme, is of so vast a moment in Poetry as never to be wisely rejected -- is so vitally important an adjunct, that he is simply silly who declines its assistance, I will not now pause to maintain its absolute essentiality.
I saw then that the unusually forlorn and stunted look of the house was partly due to the loss of what is known in New England as the "L": that long deep-roofed adjunct usually built at right angles to the main house, and connecting it, by way of storerooms and tool-house, with the wood-shed and cow-barn.
My way led through Pleasant Meadow, an adjunct of the Baker Farm, that retreat of which a poet has since sung, beginning,--
Indeed, in another minute we were in a lofty room with skylight, easels, dressing-cupboard, platform, and every other adjunct save the signs of actual labor.
With the monarchy, its several adjuncts died also; wherefore there is no longer a nobility, no longer a privileged class, no longer an Established Church; all men are become exactly equal; they are upon one common level, and religion is free.
She was dressed very plainly in dark colors, and wore her own hair; all stage adjuncts and alterations
I rang for the tea, and the waiter, reappearing with his magic clue, brought in by degrees some fifty adjuncts to that refreshment but of tea not a glimpse.