aerenchyma


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aer·en·chy·ma

 (âr-ĕng′kə-mə)
n.
A spongy tissue with large intercellular air spaces that is found in aquatic plants. It provides buoyancy and allows the circulation of gases.

[New Latin : aer(o)- + Greek enkhuma, filling (from enkhein, to pour in : en-, in; see en-2 + khein, to pour; see chyme).]

aerenchyma

(ɛəˈrɛŋkɪmə)
n
(Botany) plant tissue with large air-filled spaces, which is typical of aquatic plants and allows air to reach waterlogged parts
[C19: from aer(o)- + Greek enkhuma infusion]
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References in periodicals archive ?
This fact confirms that the aerenchyma present in the knotgrass can positively influence the degradation process of chlorpyrifos, transferring oxygen to the root zone.
Aerenchyma is a modified parenchymal tissue related to gas storage and is critical for plant survival in aquatic or flooding environments (Insausti et al.
Root growth, aerenchyma development, and oxygen transport in rice genotypes subjected to drought and waterlogging.
It is known that plants grown in HSF-CWs are capable of incorporating air by their leaves, transferring it to the rhizomes and roots via aerenchyma, resulting in aerobic sites near the roots, which facilitate the degradation of organic material (Matos, Freitas, Brasil, & Borges, 2010; Zhang et al.
Methane produced in an anaerobic-flooded paddy soil is mainly transported to the atmosphere through the aerenchyma of rice plants [3-5].
exclusion and salt resistance of wheat (Triticuma estivum) in saline-water logged conditions are improved by the development of adventitious nodal roots and cortical root aerenchyma.
2] down from the shoots into the roots (Colmer and Voesenek 2009), as well as its ability to produce specialised roots with aerenchyma (van der Moezel et al.
pneumatophores and aerenchyma development in roots and stem bases.
In a cross section, the protein substance around the egg forms a considerably thick layer consisting of thin sheets delimiting numerous air spaces, the structure being similar to the aerenchyma of the petiole of E.
The female inserted the eggs into the aerenchyma of the petiole, near the upper part of the plant.