affecter


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af·fect 1

 (ə-fĕkt′)
tr.v. af·fect·ed, af·fect·ing, af·fects
1. To have an influence on or effect a change in: Inflation affects the buying power of the dollar.
2. To act on the emotions of; touch or move. See Synonyms at move.
3. To attack or infect, as a disease: Rheumatic fever can affect the heart.
n. (ăf′ĕkt′)
1. Feeling or emotion, especially as manifested by facial expression or body language: "The soldiers seen on television had been carefully chosen for blandness of affect" (Norman Mailer).
2. Obsolete A disposition, feeling, or tendency.

[Middle English affecten, from Latin afficere, affect-, to do to, act on : ad-, ad- + facere, to do; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Affect and effect are often confused because they sound alike and have related meanings. First, bear in mind that there are two words spelled affect. One means "to put on a false show of," as in She affected a British accent. The other affect, the one that is confused with effect, is both a noun and a verb. As a noun it is uncommon and means roughly "emotion." It is pronounced with stress on the first syllable rather than the second. Note that affect does not have a noun sense meaning "an influence that brings about a change." As a verb, affect is most commonly used in the sense of "to cause a change in:" the ways in which smoking affects health. The verb effect means "to bring about or execute": medical treatment designed to effect a cure. Its corresponding noun means "a result." Thus if someone affects something, there is likely to be an effect of some kind, and from this may arise some of the confusion. People who stop smoking will see beneficial health effects, but not beneficial health affects. The verbs produce important differences in meaning. The sentence These measures have been designed to effect savings implies that the measures will cause new savings to come about. Using affect in the very similar sentence These measures will affect savings implies that the measures will cause a change in savings that have already been realized.

af·fect 2

 (ə-fĕkt′)
tr.v. af·fect·ed, af·fect·ing, af·fects
1. To put on a false show of; simulate: affected a British accent.
2.
a. To have or show a liking for: affects dramatic clothes.
b. Archaic To fancy; love.
3. To tend to by nature; tend to assume: a substance that affects crystalline form.
4. To imitate; copy: "Spenser, in affecting the ancients, writ no language" (Ben Jonson).

[Middle English affecten, from Latin affectāre, to strive after, frequentative of afficere, affect-, to affect, influence; see affect1.]

af·fect′er n.

affecter

(əˈfɛktə)
n
a person who makes a real or pretence show of liking, being, or knowing something
References in periodicals archive ?
Seulement, on espere que le mouvement associatif soit associe a la prise de decision et que les nouveaux tarifs soient etudies pour ne pas affecter le pouvoir d'achat[beaucoup plus grand que], estime le president de l'APOCE, Mustapha Zebdi.
Consequence: malgre les conditions climatiques favorables, la campagne agricole 2017/2018 risque d'etre affecter par la sous-utilisation des engrais et semences certifiees et l'absence des traitements preventifs appropries.
Ouvrant, lundi a Kairouan, le congres ordinaire de l'union regionale du travail, il a fait savoir que l'UGTT a appele a l'ajustement du budget de l'Etat au titre de 2018 qui comporte des mesures de nature a affecter considerablement le pouvoir d'achat des categories demunies.
Le march a pour objet de garantir le matriel informatique, bureautique, tlphonique et lectronique d~Habitats de Haute-Alsace contre les dommages accidentels susceptibles de les affecter, qu~ils rsultent d~une cause interne ou externe, ainsi que l~indemnisation des frais et pertes conscutifs un sinistre garanti.
Il a ajoute que la politique de bipolarisation pourrait affecter l'echiquier politique et frapper de plein fouet la transition democratique, soulignant cependant que ce parti pourrait evoluer en faisant sienne la pensee democratique, mais il ne faut pas lui donner un blanc-seing '.
Il a exprime son point de vue que ces questions ne peuvent pas affecter l'avenir des relations entre le Soudan et les pays qui ont montre des positions sur les questions perturbes au Soudan , affirmant que la vision sera bientot clair.
Dans le souci de reaffirmer cette volonte commune des parlements marocain et espagnol et afin d'eviter toute brouille qui pourrait affecter la qualite des relations parlementaires bilaterales", MM.
La liberte de manifestation est assuree mais sans affecter les interets des etudiants", disaient les slogans que les etudiants brandissaient.
A titre d'infirmieres et infirmiers et de technologues de nephrologie, nous pouvons certainement affecter de bien des facons l'existence de nos patients aux prises avec une insuffisance renale chronique.
L'automE[umlaut]dication peut devenir extrE[logical not]mement dangereuse surtout pour l'enfant et les personnes atteintes de maladies graves et peut affecter le foie et les reins, mais aussi retarder la prise en charge mE[umlaut]dicale de la maladie", assure le pharmacien en notant que tous les mE[umlaut]dicaments peuvent comporter des effets secondaires, les plus connus E[umlaut]tant les nausE[umlaut]es, les vomissements, la diarrhE[umlaut]e et la somnolence.
L'Education et le Tourisme se sont chacun vu affecter un ministre.
la Republique islamique d'Iran prendra des decisions qui pourraient affecter sa cooperation actuelle avec l'Agence internationale de l'energie atomique" , a indique pour sa part le directeur de l'OEAI, Ali Akbar Salehi.