afferent


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Related to afferent: Afferent arteriole, afferent loop syndrome, Afferent pupillary defect

af·fer·ent

 (ăf′ər-ənt)
adj.
Carrying inward to a central organ or section, as nerves that conduct impulses from the periphery of the body to the brain or spinal cord.

[Latin afferēns, afferent-, present participle of afferre, to bring toward : ad-, ad- + ferre, to bring; see bher- in Indo-European roots.]

af′fer·ent·ly adv.

afferent

(ˈæfərənt)
adj
(Physiology) bringing or directing inwards to a part or an organ of the body, esp towards the brain or spinal cord. Compare efferent
[C19: from Latin afferre to carry to, from ad- to + ferre to carry]

af•fer•ent

(ˈæf ər ənt)
adj.
1. bringing to or leading toward an organ or part, as a nerve or arteriole (opposed to efferent).
n.
2. a nerve that conveys an impulse toward the central nervous system.
[1830–40; < Latin afferent-, s. of afferēns, present participle of afferre to bring, deliver =af- af- + ferre to bear1]
af′fer•ent•ly, adv.

af·fer·ent

(ăf′ər-ənt)
Relating to a nerve that carries sensory information toward the central nervous system. Compare efferent.

afferent

Directing to a part of the body. The afferent nerves of the peripheral nervous system send impulses to the central nervous system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.afferent - a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
dorsal horn, dorsal root - one of the two roots of a spinal nerve that passes dorsally to the spinal cord and that consists of sensory fibers
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
nerve, nervus - any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body
afferent fiber, sensory fiber - a nerve fiber that carries impulses toward the central nervous system
lemniscus, fillet - a bundle of sensory nerve fibers going to the thalamus
Adj.1.afferent - of nerves and nerve impulsesafferent - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS; "afferent nerves"; "afferent impulses"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
efferent, motorial - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS; "efferent nerves and impulses"

afferent

adjective
Transmitting impulses from sense organs to nerve centers:
Translations

af·fer·ent

a. aferente, que se dirige hacia el centro o hacia adentro;
___ fibersfibras ___-s;
___ glomerular arteriolearteriola glomerular ___;
___ lymphatic vesselvaso linfático ___;
___ nervenervio ___;
___ vesselvaso ___.
References in periodicals archive ?
Multiple companies including Afferent, Biogen, FibroGen, Gilead and MediciNova are currently developing future therapies for the treatment of IPF.
However, this makes it necessary that a new afferent main conduit (consort draft) is applied.
An afferent pupillary defect signifies sight-threatening disease.
6-8) It is well known that ECM nourishment can sequester and modulate stem cell niches along with synbiotic protein peptide formats to modulate stem cell niches and that afferent neurons can accomplish some astounding feats of regeneration and neurogenesis.
By cutting the afferent nerve fibres in rats, a team of scientists led by Urs Meyer, a researcher in the group of ETH Zurich professor Wolfgang Langhans, turned this two-way communication into a one-way street, enabling the researchers to get to the bottom of the role played by gut instinct.
The steps that are the same are: 55-60 cm ileum used, scissor detubularization of the ileum, sewn pouch construction, equal cross folding, externalized and direct ureteral stenting, globular shape and the presence of an afferent limb.
Prior to joining Synergetics, Hable served as president and CEO of Afferent Corp.
One such channel--TRP melastatin 8 (TRPM8) or cold and menthol receptor 1 (CMR1)--is activated by chemical cooling agents (such as menthol) or when ambient temperatures drop below approximately 26 degrees C, suggesting that it mediates the detection of cold thermal stimuli by primary afferent sensory neurons.
Somatic afferent neurons firing in the spinal cord can inhibit viscerosomatic neurons in the dorsal horn from responding to stimuli.
Consequently, we previously proposed a mechanism of increased sensitivity of the afferent nerves in patients with airway symptoms induced by scents and chemicals and suggested using the term "sensory hyperreactivity" (SHR; Millqvist et al.
The reflex arc is composed of afferent stimulation from the phrenic, vagus, and T6-T12 sympathetic fibers; a hiccup central integrator located either in the cervical cord between C3-C5, the brain stem, or midbrain area; and principal efferent limbs being the phrenic nerves.
We previously demonstrated SSeCKS immunolabeling in primary afferent terminals in lamina II of the rat spinal cord as well as within approximately 40% of small-diameter primary sensory neuron perikarya.