afferent(redirected from afferent nervous system)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to afferent nervous system: afferent pathway
Carrying inward to a central organ or section, as nerves that conduct impulses from the periphery of the body to the brain or spinal cord.
[Latin afferēns, afferent-, present participle of afferre, to bring toward : ad-, ad- + ferre, to bring; see bher- in Indo-European roots.]
(Physiology) bringing or directing inwards to a part or an organ of the body, esp towards the brain or spinal cord. Compare efferent
[C19: from Latin afferre to carry to, from ad- to + ferre to carry]
af•fer•ent(ˈæf ər ənt)
1. bringing to or leading toward an organ or part, as a nerve or arteriole (opposed to efferent).n.
2. a nerve that conveys an impulse toward the central nervous system.
[1830–40; < Latin afferent-, s. of afferēns, present participle of afferre to bring, deliver =af- af- + ferre to bear1]
Relating to a nerve that carries sensory information toward the central nervous system. Compare efferent.
Directing to a part of the body. The afferent nerves of the peripheral nervous system send impulses to the central nervous system.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||afferent - a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system|
dorsal horn, dorsal root - one of the two roots of a spinal nerve that passes dorsally to the spinal cord and that consists of sensory fibers
afferent fiber, sensory fiber - a nerve fiber that carries impulses toward the central nervous system
|Adj.||1.||afferent - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS; "afferent nerves"; "afferent impulses"|
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
Transmitting impulses from sense organs to nerve centers:
a. aferente, que se dirige hacia el centro o hacia adentro;
___ fibers → fibras ___-s;
___ glomerular arteriole → arteriola glomerular ___;
___ lymphatic vessel → vaso linfático ___;
___ nerve → nervio ___;
___ vessel → vaso ___.