afferent neuron


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to afferent neuron: afferent pathway
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.afferent neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cordafferent neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
afferent, afferent nerve, sensory nerve - a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
References in periodicals archive ?
The increase in intracolonic pressure also induces serotonin release, and it will bind to 5-HT3 receptor at the terminal of afferent neuron, causing intestinal nociceptive transmission to central nervous system.
In addition, the increase in intracolonic pressure also stimulates the serotonin release and activates the 5-HT3 receptors on the terminal of afferent neuron, inducing intestinal nociceptive transmission to the central nervous system.
The results reveal that the gastroprotection by QCT against ethanol-induced mucosal injury is resistant to capsazepene but is vulnerable to indomethacin, suggesting a role for endogenous prostaglandins and not the capsaicin-sensitive afferent neuron in gastroprotection.
Effect of nitric oxide on substance P release from the peripheral endings of primary afferent neurons.
14-16) The microbiome is 100-fold larger than that of its host and culture-based assays and other tests that include fluorescent in situ hybridization, terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms, microarrays, and direct sequencing reveal exciting new data on how human microbiotica can detoxify the body, fight inflammation, and nourish the ECM and afferent neurons to regenerate the body via a quorum cell-to-cell language.
Animal model research of osteoarthritis (OA) suggests that joint inflammation induces an up-regulation in sodium (Na) channel expression in primary afferent neurons, a process that sets the stage for chronic pain.
90) Furthermore, the ionotropic glutamate receptors--NMDA and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)--have been identified on the afferent neurons of inner hair cells, (90) and glutamate has been found to function as the fast excitatory neurotransmitter in these synapses.