affinity


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af·fin·i·ty

 (ə-fĭn′ĭ-tē)
n. pl. af·fin·i·ties
1.
a. A natural attraction, liking, or feeling of kinship: a special affinity with animals; a cultural affinity for the automobile.
b. A natural tendency or ability to use or do something: an affinity with languages; an affinity for making money.
c. A natural compatibility of one thing with another: "the affinity of pork and shellfish" (Alison Arnett).
2. Relationship by marriage: related by affinity to the wife.
3.
a. An inherent similarity between persons or things: "The genius of the Afro-Cubans lay in recognizing the affinity between swing-era jazz and their own tradition" (Gene Santoro).
b. Biology A relationship or resemblance in structure between species that suggests a common origin.
4.
a. An attraction or force between particles or chemicals that causes them to combine.
b. The degree to which particles or chemicals are likely to combine: Hemoglobin has a high affinity for oxygen. Also called avidity.

[Middle English affinite, relationship by marriage, from Old French afinite, from Latin affīnitās, from affīnis, related by marriage; see affined.]
Usage Note: In the sense of "attraction," affinity may be followed by of, between, or with. Thus one may speak of the close affinity of James and Samuel, or of the affinity between James and Samuel, or of James's affinity with Samuel. In its chemical use affinity is generally followed by for: a dye with an affinity for synthetic fabrics. · One might want to avoid using affinity as a simple synonym for liking since 62 percent of the Usage Panel in 1997 rejected the example Her affinity for living in California led her to reject a chance to return to New York. Nevertheless, the more sophisticated tone inherent in this use of the word can lend an archness to certain contexts, as when Barbara Tuchman writes of Kaiser Wilhelm's "affinity for coarse physical jokes practiced upon his courtiers." This may be why 65 percent of the Usage Panel approved of this quotation when it was presented as an example.

affinity

(əˈfɪnɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. (foll by: with or for) a natural liking, taste, or inclination towards a person or thing
2. the person or thing so liked
3. a close similarity in appearance or quality; inherent likeness
4. relationship by marriage or by ties other than of blood, as by adoption. Compare consanguinity
5. (Biology) similarity in structure, form, etc, between different animals, plants, or languages
6. (Chemistry) chem
a. the tendency for two substances to combine; chemical attraction
b. a measure of the tendency of a chemical reaction to take place expressed in terms of the free energy change. Symbol: A
7. (Biochemistry) biology a measure of the degree of interaction between two molecules, such as an antigen and antibody or a hormone and its receptor
[C14: via Old French from Latin affīnitāt- connected by marriage, from affīnis bordering on, related]
afˈfinitive adj

af•fin•i•ty

(əˈfɪn ɪ ti)

n., pl. -ties,
adj. n.
1. a natural liking for or attraction to a person, thing, idea, etc.
2. the object of such liking or attraction.
3. relationship by marriage or by ties other than those of blood (disting. from consanguinity).
4. close resemblance, agreement, or connection.
5. a resemblance of structure or behavior that results from or implies a phylogenetic relationship.
6. the force by which atoms are held together in chemical compounds.
adj.
7. designating persons who share the same interests.
[1275–1325; < Middle French < Latin affīnitās connection by marriage. See affine, -ity]
af•fin′i•tive, adj.

affinity

the condition of close relationship. Cf. consanguinity. See also marriage.
See also: Relationship
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.affinity - (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibodyaffinity - (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody
immunology - the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system
attraction, attractive force - the force by which one object attracts another
2.affinity - (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoptionaffinity - (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship
anthropology - the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
family relationship, kinship, relationship - (anthropology) relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption
steprelationship - a family relationship by virtue of remarriage
blood kinship, consanguinity, cognation - (anthropology) related by blood
3.affinity - (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural partsaffinity - (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts; "in anatomical structure prehistoric man shows close affinity with modern humans"
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
family relationship, kinship, relationship - (anthropology) relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption
4.affinity - a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or characteraffinity - a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character; "found a natural affinity with the immigrants"; "felt a deep kinship with the other students"; "anthropology's kinship with the humanities"
relation - an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together
rapport, resonance - a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people
sympathy - a relation of affinity or harmony between people; whatever affects one correspondingly affects the other; "the two of them were in close sympathy"
5.affinity - the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a moleculeaffinity - the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; "basic dyes have an affinity for wool and silk"
force - (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity; "force equals mass times acceleration"
6.affinity - inherent resemblance between persons or thingsaffinity - inherent resemblance between persons or things
resemblance - similarity in appearance or external or superficial details
7.affinity - a natural attraction or feeling of kinshipaffinity - a natural attraction or feeling of kinship; "an affinity for politics"; "the mysterious affinity between them"; "James's affinity with Sam"
attractiveness, attraction - the quality of arousing interest; being attractive or something that attracts; "her personality held a strange attraction for him"

affinity

affinity

noun
Translations
mieltymyssukulainensukulaisuusviehtymys
afinitetsklonostsrodnostsrodstvo
affiniteitwelgezindheid
affinitet
afinitate

affinity

[əˈfɪnɪtɪ] N
1. (= similarity, relationship) → afinidad f
A has certain affinities with Bentre A y B existe cierta afinidad
2. (= liking) → simpatía f
I feel no affinity whatsoever with or for himno siento ninguna simpatía por él

affinity

[əˈfɪnɪti] naffinité f
the strange affinity between man and nature → l'étrange affinité entre l'homme et la nature
to have an affinity with sb/sth → avoir des affinités avec qn/qch
to have an affinity for sth → être attiré(e) par qchaffinity card n carte de crédit émise en collaboration avec une association caritative et grâce à laquelle un pourcentage de chaque transaction est versé à cette association

affinity

n
(= liking)Neigung f(for, to zu); (for person) → Verbundenheit f(for, to mit)
(= resemblance, connection)Verwandtschaft f, → Affinität f (form)
(Chem) → Affinität f

affinity

[əˈfɪnɪtɪ] n (relationship) → affinità f inv; (liking) → simpatia

af·fin·i·ty

n. afinidad, conformidad; conexión.
References in classic literature ?
The dress of this patriarch--for such, considering his vast age, in conjunction with his affinity and influence with his people, he might very properly be termed--was rich and imposing, though strictly after the simple fashions of the tribe.
She loved Emma Jane, but it was a friendship born of propinquity and circumstance, not of true affinity.
and was dragging me against the donkey in a violent manner, as if there were any affinity between that animal and a magistrate, when he changed his mind, jumped into the cart, sat upon my box, and, exclaiming that he would drive to the pollis straight, rattled away harder than ever.
In the same early morning, I discovered a singular affinity between seeds and corduroys.
Of one feeling, however, I was sure,--that on my side this apocalyptic recognition of her, as it had seemed, was no mere passionate correspondence of sex, no mere spell of a beautiful face (for such passion and such glamour I had made use of opportunities to study), but was indeed the flaming up of an elemental affinity, profounder than sex, deeper than reason, and ages older than speech.
The realm of France, it is well known, was divided betwixt the Norman and Teutonic race, who spoke the language in which the word Yes is pronounced as oui, and the inhabitants of the southern regions, whose speech bearing some affinity to the Italian, pronounced the same word oc.
Was there some subtle affinity between the chemical atoms that shaped themselves into form and colour on the canvas and the soul that was within him?
The relative situation of these States; the number of rivers with which they are intersected, and of bays that wash there shores; the facility of communication in every direction; the affinity of language and manners; the familiar habits of intercourse; -- all these are circumstances that would conspire to render an illicit trade between them a matter of little difficulty, and would insure frequent evasions of the commercial regulations of each other.
In this respect, it has as much affinity to a legislative assembly as to an executive council.
I had so worked upon my imagination as really to believe that about the whole mansion and domain there hung an atmosphere peculiar to themselves and their immediate vicinity-- an atmosphere which had no affinity with the air of heaven, but which had reeked up from the decayed trees, and the grey wall, and the silent tarn--a pestilent and mystic vapour, dull, sluggish, faintly discernible, and leaden-hued.
He was to learn a dialect, in which he could be assisted by no affinity with the languages he already knew.
One of these relatives, though it was no nearer than a third cousin, was Betts Shoreham, whose great-grandmother had been a bona fide de la Rocheaimard, and who was enabled, at once, to point out to the poor deserted orphan some forty or fifty persons, who stood in the same degree of affinity to her.