affirm


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af·firm

 (ə-fûrm′)
v. af·firmed, af·firm·ing, af·firms
v.tr.
1. To declare positively; assert to be true: a philosopher affirming the existence of free will; a document affirming that each student has completed the course.
2. To declare support for or belief in: affirm the right to self-determination.
3. Law To rule (a court decision) to have been correct; confirm: The Supreme Court affirmed the lower court's decision.
v.intr. Law
To assert that one will give true testimony equivalent to that which would be given while under oath.

[Middle English affermen, from Old French afermer, from Latin affirmāre : ad-, ad- + firmāre, to strengthen (from firmus, strong; see dher- in Indo-European roots).]

af·firm′a·ble adj.
af·firm′a·bly adv.
af·fir′mant adj. & n.
af·firm′er n.

affirm

(əˈfɜːm)
vb (mainly tr)
1. (may take a clause as object) to declare to be true; assert positively
2. to uphold, confirm, or ratify
3. (Law) (intr) law to make an affirmation
[C14: via Old French from Latin affirmāre to present (something) as firm or fixed, assert, from ad- to + firmāre to make firm1]
afˈfirmer, afˈfirmant n

af•firm

(əˈfɜrm)

v.t.
1. to assert positively: to affirm one's loyalty.
2. to confirm or ratify: The judgment of the lower court was affirmed.
3. to express agreement with; support; uphold.
v.i.
4.
a. to state something solemnly before a court or magistrate, but without oath.
b. (of an appellate court) to determine that the action of the lower court shall stand.
[1300–50; Middle English a(f)fermen < Middle French afermer < Latin affirmāre]
af•firm′a•ble, adj.
af•firm′a•bly, adv.
af•firm′er, n.
af•firm′ing•ly, adv.
syn: See declare.

affirm


Past participle: affirmed
Gerund: affirming

Imperative
affirm
affirm
Present
I affirm
you affirm
he/she/it affirms
we affirm
you affirm
they affirm
Preterite
I affirmed
you affirmed
he/she/it affirmed
we affirmed
you affirmed
they affirmed
Present Continuous
I am affirming
you are affirming
he/she/it is affirming
we are affirming
you are affirming
they are affirming
Present Perfect
I have affirmed
you have affirmed
he/she/it has affirmed
we have affirmed
you have affirmed
they have affirmed
Past Continuous
I was affirming
you were affirming
he/she/it was affirming
we were affirming
you were affirming
they were affirming
Past Perfect
I had affirmed
you had affirmed
he/she/it had affirmed
we had affirmed
you had affirmed
they had affirmed
Future
I will affirm
you will affirm
he/she/it will affirm
we will affirm
you will affirm
they will affirm
Future Perfect
I will have affirmed
you will have affirmed
he/she/it will have affirmed
we will have affirmed
you will have affirmed
they will have affirmed
Future Continuous
I will be affirming
you will be affirming
he/she/it will be affirming
we will be affirming
you will be affirming
they will be affirming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been affirming
you have been affirming
he/she/it has been affirming
we have been affirming
you have been affirming
they have been affirming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been affirming
you will have been affirming
he/she/it will have been affirming
we will have been affirming
you will have been affirming
they will have been affirming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been affirming
you had been affirming
he/she/it had been affirming
we had been affirming
you had been affirming
they had been affirming
Conditional
I would affirm
you would affirm
he/she/it would affirm
we would affirm
you would affirm
they would affirm
Past Conditional
I would have affirmed
you would have affirmed
he/she/it would have affirmed
we would have affirmed
you would have affirmed
they would have affirmed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.affirm - establish or strengthen as with new evidence or factsaffirm - establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; "his story confirmed my doubts"; "The evidence supports the defendant"
back up, back - establish as valid or genuine; "Can you back up your claims?"
vouch - give supporting evidence; "He vouched his words by his deeds"
verify - confirm the truth of; "Please verify that the doors are closed"; "verify a claim"
shew, show, demonstrate, prove, establish - establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment; "The experiment demonstrated the instability of the compound"; "The mathematician showed the validity of the conjecture"
document - support or supply with references; "Can you document your claims?"
validate - prove valid; show or confirm the validity of something
negate, contradict - prove negative; show to be false
2.affirm - to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as trueaffirm - to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true; "Before God I swear I am innocent"
hold - assert or affirm; "Rousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good"
claim, take - lay claim to; as of an idea; "She took credit for the whole idea"
attest - authenticate, affirm to be true, genuine, or correct, as in an official capacity; "I attest this signature"
declare - state firmly; "He declared that he was innocent"
declare - state emphatically and authoritatively; "He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"
protest - affirm or avow formally or solemnly; "The suspect protested his innocence"
assure, tell - inform positively and with certainty and confidence; "I tell you that man is a crook!"
3.affirm - say yes toaffirm - say yes to        
claim - assert or affirm strongly; state to be true or existing; "He claimed that he killed the burglar"
reaffirm - affirm once again; "He reaffirmed his faith in the church"
reassert, confirm - strengthen or make more firm; "The witnesses confirmed the victim's account"
defend, maintain - state or assert; "He maintained his innocence"

affirm

verb
1. declare, state, maintain, swear, assert, testify, pronounce, certify, attest, avow, aver, asseverate, avouch 'The place is a dump,' she affirmed.
declare deny, retract
2. confirm, prove, sanction, endorse, ratify, verify, validate, bear out, substantiate, corroborate, authenticate Everything I had accomplished seemed to affirm that opinion.
confirm reject, renounce, refute, disallow, repudiate, rescind, rebut

affirm

verb
1. To put into words positively and with conviction:
Idiom: have it.
2. To accept officially:
Translations
يُؤَكِّد
tvrdit
bekræfteforsikre
staîfesta
pozityvus elgesyspritariamasisteigiamastvirtinimastvirtinti
apgalvotapstiprināt
iddia etmekkesinlikle söylemek

affirm

[əˈfɜːm] VT (= state) → afirmar, aseverar; (= confirm) → confirmar

affirm

[əˈfɜːrm] vt
(= assert) → affirmer
to affirm that ... → affirmer que ...
(= confirm) → confirmer

affirm

vt
(= assert)versichern; (very forcefully) → beteuern; he affirmed his innocenceer versicherte, dass er unschuldig sei, er beteuerte seine Unschuld
(= ratify)bestätigen
vi (Jur) → eidesstattlich or an Eidesstatt erklären

affirm

[əˈfɜːm] vtaffermare, asserire

affirm

(əˈfəːm) verb
to state something positively and firmly. Despite all the policeman's questions the lady continued to affirm that she was innocent.
ˌaffirˈmation (ӕ-) noun
afˈfirmative (-tiv) adjective, noun
saying or indicating yes to a question, suggestion etc. He gave an affirmative nod; a reply in the affirmative.
affirmative ˌaction noun
(American) the practice of giving better opportunities (jobs, education etc) to people who, it is thought, are treated unfairly (minorities, women etc).

affirm

vt. afirmar, asegurar.
References in classic literature ?
Anon, as age came stealing, like a sad twilight, back over his figure, you would have felt tempted to hold an argument with Destiny, and affirm, that either this being should not have been made mortal, or mortal existence should have been tempered to his qualities.
It may not be too much to affirm, on the whole, (the people being then in the first stages of joyless deportment, and the offspring of sires who had known how to be merry, in their day), that they would compare favourably, in point of holiday keeping, with their descendants, even at so long an interval as ourselves.
Their Historians affirm, that a Prophet who prophesy'd of Mahomet, came from this Temple, and some do not stand to assert, that the Prophet Jonas was cast forth by the Whale at the Base of the Temple.
I conclude these remarks by copying the following portrait of the religion of the south, (which is, by communion and fellowship, the religion of the north,) which I soberly affirm is "true to the life," and without caricature or the slightest exaggeration.
Where Miss Taylor failed to stimulate, I may safely affirm that Harriet Smith will do nothing.