afflict


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af·flict

 (ə-flĭkt′)
tr.v. af·flict·ed, af·flict·ing, af·flicts
To cause grievous physical or mental suffering to.

[Middle English afflighten, from afflight, disturbed, frightened, from Latin afflīctum, past participle of afflīgere, to cast down : ad-, ad- + flīgere, to strike.]

af·flict′er n.
af·flic′tive adj.
af·flic′tive·ly adv.
Synonyms: afflict, agonize, rack1, torment, torture
These verbs mean to bring great harm or suffering to someone: afflicted with severe arthritis; agonized to see her suffering; racked with guilt; tormented by migraine headaches; tortured by painful memories.

afflict

(əˈflɪkt)
vb
(tr) to cause suffering or unhappiness to; distress greatly
[C14: from Latin afflictus, past participle of afflīgere to knock against, from flīgere to knock, to strike]
afˈflictive adj

af•flict

(əˈflɪkt)

v.t.
1. to distress with mental or bodily pain; trouble grievously: to be afflicted with arthritis.
2. Obs.
a. to overthrow; defeat.
b. to humble.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin afflīctus, past participle of afflīgere to knock down, destroy, distress =af- af- + flīgere to strike down]
af•flict′ed•ness, n.
af•flict′er, n.

afflict


Past participle: afflicted
Gerund: afflicting

Imperative
afflict
afflict
Present
I afflict
you afflict
he/she/it afflicts
we afflict
you afflict
they afflict
Preterite
I afflicted
you afflicted
he/she/it afflicted
we afflicted
you afflicted
they afflicted
Present Continuous
I am afflicting
you are afflicting
he/she/it is afflicting
we are afflicting
you are afflicting
they are afflicting
Present Perfect
I have afflicted
you have afflicted
he/she/it has afflicted
we have afflicted
you have afflicted
they have afflicted
Past Continuous
I was afflicting
you were afflicting
he/she/it was afflicting
we were afflicting
you were afflicting
they were afflicting
Past Perfect
I had afflicted
you had afflicted
he/she/it had afflicted
we had afflicted
you had afflicted
they had afflicted
Future
I will afflict
you will afflict
he/she/it will afflict
we will afflict
you will afflict
they will afflict
Future Perfect
I will have afflicted
you will have afflicted
he/she/it will have afflicted
we will have afflicted
you will have afflicted
they will have afflicted
Future Continuous
I will be afflicting
you will be afflicting
he/she/it will be afflicting
we will be afflicting
you will be afflicting
they will be afflicting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been afflicting
you have been afflicting
he/she/it has been afflicting
we have been afflicting
you have been afflicting
they have been afflicting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been afflicting
you will have been afflicting
he/she/it will have been afflicting
we will have been afflicting
you will have been afflicting
they will have been afflicting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been afflicting
you had been afflicting
he/she/it had been afflicting
we had been afflicting
you had been afflicting
they had been afflicting
Conditional
I would afflict
you would afflict
he/she/it would afflict
we would afflict
you would afflict
they would afflict
Past Conditional
I would have afflicted
you would have afflicted
he/she/it would have afflicted
we would have afflicted
you would have afflicted
they would have afflicted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.afflict - cause great unhappiness forafflict - cause great unhappiness for; distress; "she was afflicted by the death of her parents"
discomfit, discompose, untune, upset, disconcert - cause to lose one's composure
aggrieve, grieve - cause to feel sorrow; "his behavior grieves his mother"
tribulate - oppress or trouble greatly
strain, stress, try - test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!"
2.afflict - cause physical pain or suffering in; "afflict with the plague"
damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"
visit - assail; "He was visited with a terrible illness that killed him quickly"
blight, plague - cause to suffer a blight; "Too much rain may blight the garden with mold"

afflict

verb torment, trouble, pain, hurt, wound, burden, distress, rack, try, plague, grieve, harass, ail, oppress, beset, smite There are four main problems that afflict these people.

afflict

verb
To bring great harm or suffering to:
Translations
يُصِيب، يَبْتَلي
postihovatsužovattrápit
plage
òjá, hraka
kamuotisielvartasvargas
mocītsagādāt ciešanas
tutulmakyakalanmak

afflict

[əˈflɪkt] VTafligir
the afflictedlos afligidos
to be afflicted with or bysufrir de, estar aquejado de

afflict

[əˈflɪkt] vtaffecter
to be afflicted with sth, to be afflicted by sth [+ illness] → souffrir de qch; [+ problem] → être touché(e) par qch; [+ corruption] → être accablé(e) par

afflict

vtplagen, zusetzen (+dat); (emotionally, mentally also) → belasten; (troubles, inflation, injuries)heimsuchen; to be afflicted by a diseasean einer Krankheit leiden; afflicted with goutvon (der) Gicht geplagt; to be afflicted by doubtsvon Zweifeln gequält werden; the afflicteddie Leidenden pl

afflict

[əˈflɪkt] vtaffliggere

afflict

(əˈflikt) verb
to give pain or distress to (a person etc). She is continually afflicted by/with headaches.
afˈfliction (-ʃən) noun
Her deafness is a great affliction to her.

afflict

v. afligir, causar dolor o sufrimiento;
vt. [lament] afligirse, inquietarse.
References in classic literature ?
Goaded by their taunts, their loud, shrill cries, and cruel laughter,--insulted by the filth of the public ways, which they would fling upon him, --or, as it might well be, distracted by the mere strangeness of his situation, though nobody should afflict him with so much as a thoughtless word,--what wonder if Clifford were to break into some wild extravagance which was certain to be interpreted as lunacy?
As he went back he did not shiver so, he had more courage for his task; the deadly brutalizing monotony of it did not afflict him so,--he had ideas while he worked, and took a more cheerful view of his circumstances.
If any think that their influence would be lost there, and their voices no longer afflict the ear of the State, that they would not be as an enemy within its walls, they do not know by how much truth is stronger than error, nor how much more eloquently and effectively he can combat injustice who has experienced a little in his own person.
Now when a young knight named Conrad von Geisberg heard this, he said that if the castle were his he would destroy that chamber, so that no foolish person might have the chance to bring so dreadful a misfortune upon himself and afflict such as loved him with the memory of it.
If God afflict your enemies, surely that ought to suffice you.
The first and the mildest course is, by keeping the island hovering over such a town, and the lands about it, whereby he can deprive them of the benefit of the sun and the rain, and consequently afflict the inhabitants with dearth and diseases: and if the crime deserve it, they are at the same time pelted from above with great stones, against which they have no defence but by creeping into cellars or caves, while the roofs of their houses are beaten to pieces.
Then there are things which so afflict him that he has no power, as the garlic that we know of, and as for things sacred, as this symbol, my crucifix, that was amongst us even now when we resolve, to them he is nothing, but in their presence he take his place far off and silent with respect.
Fix and Passepartout saw that they were in a smoking-house haunted by those wretched, cadaverous, idiotic creatures to whom the English merchants sell every year the miserable drug called opium, to the amount of one million four hundred thousand pounds-- thousands devoted to one of the most despicable vices which afflict humanity
She soon whispered to her husband, "I think it would be better for me to retire, with your permission, for the sight of me appears still to afflict your mother-in-law.
Yes, my friendship for Anna forms the spring of my existence; while any accident or evil to you would afflict me the same as if done to myself--this is pure nature, you know.
But no amount of lubberly book-jargon can disguise a fact well calculated to afflict the soul of every sound economist.
No, I will no longer afflict you; only I do not comprehend what you mean by waiting.