afford


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Related to afford: effort

af·ford

 (ə-fôrd′)
tr.v. af·ford·ed, af·ford·ing, af·fords
1. To have the financial means for; bear the cost of: able to afford a new car.
2. To manage to spare or give up: can't afford an hour for lunch.
3. To manage or bear without disadvantage or risk to oneself: can afford to be tolerant.
4. To make available or have as a necessary feature; provide: a tree that affords ample shade; a sport affording good exercise.

[Middle English aforthen, from Old English geforthian, to carry out : ge-, perfective pref.; see yclept + forthian, to further (from forth, forth, forward; see per in Indo-European roots).]

af·ford′a·bil′i·ty (ə-fôr′də-bĭl′ĭ-tē) n.
af·ford′a·ble adj.
af·ford′a·bly adv.

afford

(əˈfɔːd)
vb
1. (preceded by: can, could, etc) to be able to do or spare something, esp without incurring financial difficulties or without risk of undesirable consequences: we can afford to buy a small house; I can afford to give you one of my chess sets; we can't afford to miss this play.
2. to give, yield, or supply: the meeting afforded much useful information.
[Old English geforthian to further, promote, from forth forth; the Old English prefix ge- was later reduced to a-, and the modern spelling (C16) is influenced by words beginning aff-]
afˈfordable adj
afˌfordaˈbility n

af•ford

(əˈfɔrd, əˈfoʊrd)

v.t.
1. to be able to undergo, manage, or the like, without serious consequence: The country can't afford another drought.
2. to be able to meet the expense of or spare the price of: Can I afford a new dress?
3. to furnish; supply: The sale afforded us a good profit.
4. to give; confer upon: to afford great pleasure to someone.
[before 1050; Middle English aforthen, iforthen, Old English geforthian to further, accomplish, v. derivative of forth forth]

afford

If you can afford something, you have enough money to buy it. If you can't afford something, you don't have enough money to buy it.

It's too expensive – we can't afford it.
Do you think one day we'll be able to afford a new sofa?

Afford is almost always used with can, could, or be able to.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone 'affords' something. Don't say, for example, 'We afforded a new television'. Say 'We were able to afford a new television'.

You say that someone can afford to have something or can afford to do something.

Imagine a situation where everybody can afford to have a car.
I can't afford to rent this flat.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone 'can afford having' something or 'can afford doing' something.

Be Careful!
Don't use a passive form of afford. Don't say that something 'can be afforded'. Instead you say that people can afford it.

We need to build houses that people can afford.

afford


Past participle: afforded
Gerund: affording

Imperative
afford
afford
Present
I afford
you afford
he/she/it affords
we afford
you afford
they afford
Preterite
I afforded
you afforded
he/she/it afforded
we afforded
you afforded
they afforded
Present Continuous
I am affording
you are affording
he/she/it is affording
we are affording
you are affording
they are affording
Present Perfect
I have afforded
you have afforded
he/she/it has afforded
we have afforded
you have afforded
they have afforded
Past Continuous
I was affording
you were affording
he/she/it was affording
we were affording
you were affording
they were affording
Past Perfect
I had afforded
you had afforded
he/she/it had afforded
we had afforded
you had afforded
they had afforded
Future
I will afford
you will afford
he/she/it will afford
we will afford
you will afford
they will afford
Future Perfect
I will have afforded
you will have afforded
he/she/it will have afforded
we will have afforded
you will have afforded
they will have afforded
Future Continuous
I will be affording
you will be affording
he/she/it will be affording
we will be affording
you will be affording
they will be affording
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been affording
you have been affording
he/she/it has been affording
we have been affording
you have been affording
they have been affording
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been affording
you will have been affording
he/she/it will have been affording
we will have been affording
you will have been affording
they will have been affording
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been affording
you had been affording
he/she/it had been affording
we had been affording
you had been affording
they had been affording
Conditional
I would afford
you would afford
he/she/it would afford
we would afford
you would afford
they would afford
Past Conditional
I would have afforded
you would have afforded
he/she/it would have afforded
we would have afforded
you would have afforded
they would have afforded
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.afford - be able to spare or give upafford - be able to spare or give up; "I can't afford to spend two hours with this person"
expend, spend, drop - pay out; "spend money"
2.afford - be the cause or source of; "He gave me a lot of trouble"; "Our meeting afforded much interesting information"
open up, open - make available; "This opens up new possibilities"
give - cause to have, in the abstract sense or physical sense; "She gave him a black eye"; "The draft gave me a cold"
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
allow for, allow, provide, leave - make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain; "This leaves no room for improvement"; "The evidence allows only one conclusion"; "allow for mistakes"; "leave lots of time for the trip"; "This procedure provides for lots of leeway"
3.afford - have the financial means to do something or buy somethingafford - have the financial means to do something or buy something; "We can't afford to send our children to college"; "Can you afford this car?"
4.afford - afford access toafford - afford access to; "the door opens to the patio"; "The French doors give onto a terrace"

afford

verb
1. have the money for, manage, bear, pay for, spare, stand, stretch to The arts should be available at prices people can afford.
2. bear, stand, sustain, allow yourself We cannot afford to wait.
3. give, offer, provide, produce, supply, grant, yield, render, furnish, bestow, impart The room afforded fine views of the city.

afford

verb
To make (something) readily available:
Idiom: place at one's disposal.
Translations
قادِرٌ عَلَى دَفْعِ الـماليَقْدِر عَلَى، يَسْتَطِيع أن
dovolit sidopřát si
have råd til
olla varaa johonkin
priuštiti
megengedheti magánaktehet
geta leyft sérhafa efni á
・・・する余裕がある
...할 여유가 있다
išgalėtileisti sau
atļauties
privoščiti si
ha råd med
สามารถหาได้
gücü yetmekbütçesi elvermekelinden gelmekgöze almak
đủ khả năng

afford

[əˈfɔːd] VT
1. (= pay for) we can afford itpodemos permitírnoslo
we can't afford such thingsno podemos permitirnos tales cosas, tales cosas no están a nuestro alcance
we can't afford to go on holidayno podemos permitirnos el lujo de ir de vacaciones
how much can you afford?¿cuánto puedes gastar?
2. (= spare, risk) I can't afford the timeno tengo tiempo
I can't afford to be idleno puedo permitirme el lujo de no hacer nada
I can't afford not to do itno puedo permitirme el lujo de no hacerlo
we can afford to waitnos podemos permitir esperar
an opportunity you cannot afford to missuna ocasión que no puedes desperdiciar
can we afford the risk?¿podemos arriesgarnos?
3. (frm) (= provide) [+ opportunity] → proporcionar, dar
it affords shadeda sombra
that afforded me some reliefeso me proporcionó cierto alivio
this affords me a chance to speakesto me da la oportunidad de hablar

afford

[əˈfɔːrd] vt
(financially) [+ goods, clothes, shoes, car] → avoir les moyens d'acheter; [+ holiday] → pouvoir s'offrir; [+ price, rent] → pouvoir payer
I can't afford a new pair of jeans → Je n'ai pas les moyens d'acheter un nouveau jean.
Can we afford a car?
BUT Avons-nous de quoi acheter une voiture?.Avons-nous les moyens d'acheter une voiture?
We can't afford to go on holiday → Nous ne pouvons pas nous offrir de vacances.
(= permit) [+ behaviour, scandal] → se permettre
to be able to afford to do sth (= permit o.s.) → pouvoir se permettre de faire qch
We can't afford to wait
BUT Nous ne pouvons pas attendre.Nous ne pouvons pas nous permettre d'attendre.
I can't afford the time
BUT Je n'ai vraiment pas le temps.
(= provide) [+ opportunity] → fournir; [+ pleasure, satisfaction] → procurer; [+ protection] → offrir

afford

vt
sich (dat)leisten; I can’t afford to buy both of themich kann es mir nicht leisten, beide zu kaufen; he can’t afford to make a mistakeer kann es sich nicht leisten, einen Fehler zu machen; you can’t afford to miss the chanceSie können es sich nicht leisten, die Gelegenheit zu verpassen; I can’t afford the time (to do it)ich habe einfach nicht die Zeit(, das zu tun); an offer you can’t afford to missein Angebot, das Sie sich (dat)nicht entgehen lassen können; can you afford to go? — I can’t afford not to!können Sie gehen? — ich kann gar nicht anders
(liter: = provide) (→ jdm etw) → gewähren, bieten; shadespenden, bieten; pleasurebereiten

afford

[əˈfɔːd] vt
a. to afford sth/to do sthpermettersi qc/di fare qc
can we afford a car? → possiamo permetterci un'automobile?
I can't afford the time → non ho proprio il tempo, non ho veramente tempo
I can't afford not to do it → non mi posso permettere di non farlo
an opportunity you cannot afford to miss → un'occasione che non puoi lasciarti sfuggire
b. (frm) (provide, opportunity) → offrire, fornire

afford

(əˈfoːd) verb
1. (usually with can, ~could) to be able to spend money, time etc on or for something. I can't afford (to buy) a new car.
2. (usually with can, ~could) to be able to do (something) without causing oneself trouble, difficulty etc. She can't afford to be rude to her employer no matter how rude he is to her.

afford

قادِرٌ عَلَى دَفْعِ الـمال dovolit si have råd til leisten (sich) έχω τα μέσα poder pagar, poder permitirse olla varaa johonkin avoir les moyens de priuštiti (si) permettersi ・・・する余裕がある ...할 여유가 있다 veroorloven ha råd til pozwolić sobie (na coś) pagar, ter recursos иметь возможность ha råd med สามารถหาได้ gücü yetmek đủ khả năng 付得起

afford

vt. poder costear, tener solvencia; soportar.
References in classic literature ?
Being still too young to go often to the theater, and not rich enough to afford any great outlay for private performances, the girls put their wits to work, and necessity being the mother of invention, made whatever they needed.
It seems an unkind precaution to take against a fellow scientist," said Professor Bumper, "but I can not afford to take chances after what has occurred.
He smoked cigarettes because he could not afford cigars, he said.
Then, after a short pause, he added: "These hills afford us every opportunity of reconnoitering your works, messieurs, and I am possibly as well acquainted with their weak condition as you can be yourselves.
No populous city, with all the varieties of commerce and stately structures, could afford so much pleasure to my mind, as the beauties of nature I found here.
His home would include the home of the dead and buried wizard, and would thus afford the ghost of the latter a kind of privilege to haunt its new apartments, and the chambers into which future bridegrooms were to lead their brides, and where children of the Pyncheon blood were to be born.
He literally bloomed so from this exploit that he could afford radiantly to assent.
It was cold as Iceland --no fire at all --the landlord said he couldn't afford it.
In some instances, to the quick, observant eye, those linear marks, as in a veritable engraving, but afford the ground for far other delineations.
She would have ready a great pot full of steaming black coffee, and oatmeal and bread and smoked sausages; and then she would fix them their dinner pails with more thick slices of bread with lard between them--they could not afford butter--and some onions and a piece of cheese, and so they would tramp away to work.
Well, I've got just as much conscience as any man in business can afford to keep,--just a little, you know, to swear by, as 't were," said the trader, jocularly; "and, then, I'm ready to do anything in reason to 'blige friends; but this yer, you see, is a leetle too hard on a fellow--a leetle too hard.
No: until I want the protection of Massachusetts to be extended to me in some distant Southern port, where my liberty is endangered, or until I am bent solely on building up an estate at home by peaceful enterprise, I can afford to refuse allegiance to Massachusetts, and her right to my property and life.