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Related to afford: effort
If you can afford something, you have enough money to buy it. If you can't afford something, you don't have enough money to buy it.
Afford is almost always used with can, could, or be able to.
Don't say that someone 'affords' something. Don't say, for example, 'We afforded a new television'. Say 'We were able to afford a new television'.
You say that someone can afford to have something or can afford to do something.
Don't say that someone 'can afford having' something or 'can afford doing' something.
Don't use a passive form of afford. Don't say that something 'can be afforded'. Instead you say that people can afford it.
Past participle: afforded
|Verb||1.||afford - be able to spare or give up; "I can't afford to spend two hours with this person"|
|2.||afford - be the cause or source of; "He gave me a lot of trouble"; "Our meeting afforded much interesting information"|
give - cause to have, in the abstract sense or physical sense; "She gave him a black eye"; "The draft gave me a cold"
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
allow for, allow, provide, leave - make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain; "This leaves no room for improvement"; "The evidence allows only one conclusion"; "allow for mistakes"; "leave lots of time for the trip"; "This procedure provides for lots of leeway"
|3.||afford - have the financial means to do something or buy something; "We can't afford to send our children to college"; "Can you afford this car?"|
|4.||afford - afford access to; "the door opens to the patio"; "The French doors give onto a terrace"|
we can't afford such things → no podemos permitirnos tales cosas, tales cosas no están a nuestro alcance
we can't afford to go on holiday → no podemos permitirnos el lujo de ir de vacaciones
how much can you afford? → ¿cuánto puedes gastar?
I can't afford to be idle → no puedo permitirme el lujo de no hacer nada
I can't afford not to do it → no puedo permitirme el lujo de no hacerlo
we can afford to wait → nos podemos permitir esperar
an opportunity you cannot afford to miss → una ocasión que no puedes desperdiciar
can we afford the risk? → ¿podemos arriesgarnos?
I can't afford a new pair of jeans → Je n'ai pas les moyens d'acheter un nouveau jean.
Can we afford a car?
BUT Avons-nous de quoi acheter une voiture?. → Avons-nous les moyens d'acheter une voiture?
We can't afford to go on holiday → Nous ne pouvons pas nous offrir de vacances.
to be able to afford to do sth (= permit o.s.) → pouvoir se permettre de faire qch
We can't afford to wait
BUT Nous ne pouvons pas attendre. → Nous ne pouvons pas nous permettre d'attendre.
I can't afford the time
BUT Je n'ai vraiment pas le temps.
can we afford a car? → possiamo permetterci un'automobile?
I can't afford the time → non ho proprio il tempo, non ho veramente tempo
I can't afford not to do it → non mi posso permettere di non farlo
an opportunity you cannot afford to miss → un'occasione che non puoi lasciarti sfuggire