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 (ăf′tər-wərd) also af·ter·wards (-wərdz)
At a later time; subsequently.


(ˈɑːftəwədz) or


after an earlier event or time; subsequently
[Old English æfterweard, æfteweard, from aft + ward]


1. 'after'

After is usually a preposition. If something happens after a particular time or event, it happens during the period that follows that time or event.

Vineeta came in just after midnight.
We'll hear about everything after dinner.

You can say that someone does something after doing something else.

After leaving school he worked as an accountant.
After completing and signing the form, please return it to me.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone is 'after' a particular age. You say that they are over that age.

She was well over fifty.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'after' to say that something is at the back of something else. The word you use is behind.

I've parked behind the school.
2. 'afterwards'

Afterwards is an adverb. If something happens afterwards, it happens after a particular event or time that has already been mentioned. You often use afterwards in expressions like not long afterwards, soon afterwards, and shortly afterwards.

She died soon afterwards.
Shortly afterwards her marriage broke up.
3. 'afterward'

Afterward is also sometimes used, especially in American English.

I left soon afterward.
Not long afterward, he made a trip from L.A. to San Jose.
4. 'later'

Later is an adverb. You use later to refer to a time or situation that follows the time when you are speaking.

I'll go and see her later.

A little, much, and not much can be used with later.

A little later, the lights went out.
I learned all this much later.

You can use after, afterwards, or later following a phrase that mentions a period of time, in order to say when something happens.

I met him five years after his wife's death.
She wrote about it six years afterwards.
Ten minutes later he left the house.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.afterwards - happening at a time subsequent to a reference timeafterwards - happening at a time subsequent to a reference time; "he apologized subsequently"; "he's going to the store but he'll be back here later"; "it didn't happen until afterward"; "two hours after that"


adverb later, after, then, after that, subsequently, thereafter, following that, at a later date or time Shortly afterwards, police arrested four suspects.


بَعْد ذَلِكَبَعْدَئِذ، فِيمَا بَعْد
eftir á, seinna
sau đó


[ˈɑːftərrdz] advaprès
soon afterwards, not long afterwards → peu de temps après
She left not long afterwards → Elle est partie peu de temps après.


advnachher; (= after that, after some event etc)danach; and afterwards we could go to a discound anschließend or nachher or danach gehen wir in eine Disko; can I have mine now? — no, afterwardskann ich meins jetzt haben? — nein, nachher; this was added afterwardsdas kam nachträglich dazu


[ˈɑːftəwədz] advdopo, più tardi, in seguito
soon afterwards → poco dopo


(ˈaːftə) preposition
1. later in time or place than. After the car came a bus.
2. following (often indicating repetition). one thing after another; night after night.
3. behind. Shut the door after you!
4. in search or pursuit of. He ran after the bus.
5. considering. After all I've done you'd think he'd thank me; It's sad to fail after all that work.
6. (American. in telling the time) past: It's a quarter after ten.
later in time or place. They arrived soon after.
later than the time when. After she died we moved house twice.
ˈaftermath (-mӕθ) noun
the situation etc resulting from an important, especially unpleasant, event. The country is still suffering from the aftermath of the war.
ˈafterthought noun
a later thought.
ˈafterwards adverb
later or after something else has happened or happens. He told me afterwards that he had not enjoyed the film.
after all
1. (used when giving a reason for doing something etc) taking everything into consideration. I won't invite him. After all, I don't really know him.
2. in spite of everything that has/had happened, been said etc. It turns out he went by plane after all.
be after
to be looking for something. What are you after?; The police are after him.


بَعْد ذَلِكَ potom derefter nachher κατόπιν después jälkeenpäin après poslije successivamente 後で 나중에 naderhand etterpå potem posteriormente впоследствии efteråt หลังจากนั้น sonra sau đó 然后


adv. después, luego, más tarde.
References in classic literature ?
One in front bore a short pole, on which, as it afterwards appeared, were suspended several human scalps.
Afterwards we proceeded on to Kentucke river without opposition; and on the first day of April began to erect the fort of Boonsborough at a salt lick, about sixty yards from the river, on the S.
At first he meant to repaper the room, but afterwards he said that I was letting it get the better of me, and that nothing was worse for a nervous patient than to give way to such fancies.
Carr, who had dined with his friends under the excuse of not adding to the awkwardness of the first day's housekeeping returned late at night with a mass of papers and drawings, into which he afterwards withdrew, but not until he had delivered himself of a mysterious package entrusted to him by the young men for his daughters.
But it were folly to lay any stress on stories of this kind, which are sure to spring up around such an event as that now related, and which, as in the present case, sometimes prolong themselves for ages afterwards, like the toadstools that indicate where the fallen and buried trunk of a tree has long since mouldered into the earth.
They were allowed, on my representation, to rest from their arduous labours, and soon afterwards -- as if their sole principle of life had been zeal for their country's service -- as I verily believe it was -- withdrew to a better world.
where, when seamen fall overboard, they are sometimes found, months afterwards, perpendicularly frozen into the hearts of fields of ice, as a fly is found glued in amber.
The prayer-meeting at Uncle Tom's had, in the order of hymn-singing, been protracted to a very late hour; and, as Uncle Tom had indulged himself in a few lengthy solos afterwards, the consequence was, that, although it was now between twelve and one o'clock, he and his worthy helpmeet were not yet asleep.
Afterwards Jim said the witches be- witched him and put him in a trance, and rode him all over the State, and then set him under the trees again, and hung his hat on a limb to show who done it.
I morbidly represented to myself that if Joe knew it, I never afterwards could see him at the fireside feeling his fair whisker, without thinking that he was meditating on it.
I was in the utmost astonishment, and roared so loud, that they all ran back in a fright; and some of them, as I was afterwards told, were hurt with the falls they got by leaping from my sides upon the ground.
This is their way of living when they are in arms, but afterwards when they settle at home they breed up their children.