aggravator


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ag·gra·vate

 (ăg′rə-vāt′)
tr.v. ag·gra·vat·ed, ag·gra·vat·ing, ag·gra·vates
1. To make worse or more troublesome: aggravate political tensions; aggravate a medical condition.
2. To annoy or exasperate: The child's whining aggravated me. See Synonyms at annoy.

[Latin aggravāre, aggravāt- : ad-, ad- + gravāre, to burden (from gravis, heavy; see gwerə- in Indo-European roots).]

ag′gra·vat′ing·ly adv.
ag′gra·va′tive adj.
ag′gra·va′tor n.
Usage Note: Aggravate comes from the Latin verb aggravāre, which meant "to make heavier," that is, "to add to the weight of." It also had the extended senses "to burden" or "to oppress." On the basis of this etymology, it is claimed by some that aggravate should not be used to mean "to irritate, annoy, rouse to anger." But such senses for the word date back to the 17th century and are pervasive. In our 2005 survey, 83 percent of the Usage Panel accepted this usage in the sentence: It's the endless wait for luggage that aggravates me the most about air travel. This was a significant increase from the 68 percent who accepted the same sentence in 1988.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aggravator - an unpleasant person who is annoying or exasperatingaggravator - an unpleasant person who is annoying or exasperating
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
References in periodicals archive ?
In the real world, uncertainty exists as to whether mental illness is construed as an aggravator or a mitigator, he said.
Proving again that there is far more to his game than just being an aggravator, the Vipers' influential number nine Andre Payette struck the first blow unassisted on 36 minutes.
219) Justice Breyer observed that three of the four states that would be affected by the retroactive application of Ring applied a sentencing aggravator like the one at issue in Schriro, requiring fact-finders to determine whether a defendant acted in a "heinous, cruel, or depraved manner.
278) Although assigning a case to a different category for each aggravator would increase the size of the categories and subcategories, it would also distort the review process.
85) On appeal, the Georgia Supreme Court upheld Stephen's death sentence, despite the existence of the invalid aggravator.
The Aggravator is expected to launch as part of the digital advertising element in mid-May.
Other phrases include: "Life's an aggravator, I plan to give it up" and "I hurt my backbone, I start to givin' up, the bills are pilin' up".
As a source of smog and a severe global warming aggravator, coal is still king.
He also suggested that trial courts "utilize special verdicts that require the jury to indicate what aggravators the jury has found and the jury vote as to each aggravator.
Indeed, post-Blakely, a "tough-on-crime" legislature might well be tempted to write such a law, one which would authorize a sentencing judge, even if a jury acquitted on the aggravator of causing serious bodily injury, to determine anew, after trial, for the purpose of counting the gravity of the defendant's recidivism, whether this aggravator was present, and, if so, to increase the sentence on the ground that this aggravator reflected a more serious form of recidivism (recidivism being a matter arguably within the judge's sole province).
It also opens the door to legislative evasion of Apprendi's strictures by simply redrafting every aggravator as a mitigator.