aggravator


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ag·gra·vate

 (ăg′rə-vāt′)
tr.v. ag·gra·vat·ed, ag·gra·vat·ing, ag·gra·vates
1. To make worse or more troublesome: aggravate political tensions; aggravate a medical condition.
2. To annoy or exasperate: The child's whining aggravated me. See Synonyms at annoy.

[Latin aggravāre, aggravāt- : ad-, ad- + gravāre, to burden (from gravis, heavy; see gwerə- in Indo-European roots).]

ag′gra·vat′ing·ly adv.
ag′gra·va′tive adj.
ag′gra·va′tor n.
Usage Note: Aggravate comes from the Latin verb aggravāre, which meant "to make heavier," that is, "to add to the weight of." It also had the extended senses "to burden" or "to oppress." On the basis of this etymology, it is claimed by some that aggravate should not be used to mean "to irritate, annoy, rouse to anger." But such senses for the word date back to the 17th century and are pervasive. In our 2005 survey, 83 percent of the Usage Panel accepted this usage in the sentence: It's the endless wait for luggage that aggravates me the most about air travel. This was a significant increase from the 68 percent who accepted the same sentence in 1988.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aggravator - an unpleasant person who is annoying or exasperatingaggravator - an unpleasant person who is annoying or exasperating
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
References in periodicals archive ?
This assumption is attributed to less shedding as hair is thought to be the main aggravator of allergy symptoms.
227, 234 (1999) ("If a given statute is unclear about treating such a fact as element or penalty aggravator, it makes sense to look at what other statutes have done, on the fair assumption that Congress is unlikely to intend any radical departures from past practice without making a point of saying so.
128) The High Aggravator and Low Aggravator independent variables were developed to examine these questions.
27) That risk skyrockets to 189% in patients with diabetes, a known aggravator of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.
The evidence in this case is sufficient to sustain the murder convictions; the State proved the aggravator beyond a reasonable doubt; and Indiana's life without parole statute is not unconstitutional.
280) The facts of Loving's crime clearly evidenced an intent to kill--he entered a taxi, placed a pistol to the driver's head, and shot the driver fatally after he was unable to produce money--but Loving contended that the lack of an intent requirement made the aggravator facially unconstitutional.
Keller said Wednesday that when the prosecution presents racist testimony, it's "using race as an aggravator," and that's not the case for the defense.
Often the result of a "worse than normal" aggravator is the automatic dismissal of mitigation.
Zorro Baits Short Arm Aggravator is another good one, based on Stan Sloan's classic design.
3) In reality, China's nuclear threat perception, and thus its nuclear modernization, stems from both bilateral relationships, where the United States is rightfully characterized as the "heavyweight" in China's security calculations, and India is the peripheral aggravator.
In Germany, France, and Italy, for example, recidivism generally carries no mandatory consequences; it is an optional aggravator for judges to consider.
117) Here, the sentencing judge found that Blakely had committed the crime with "deliberate cruelty," a statutory aggravator which permitted imposition of a sentence above the standard range.