agriculture


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ag·ri·cul·ture

 (ăg′rĭ-kŭl′chər)
n.
The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming.

[Middle English, from Latin agrīcultūra : agrī, genitive of ager, field; see agro- in Indo-European roots + cultūra, cultivation; see culture.]

ag′ri·cul′tur·al adj.
ag′ri·cul′tur·al·ly adv.
ag′ri·cul′tur·ist, ag′ri·cul′tur·al·ist n.

agriculture

(ˈæɡrɪˌkʌltʃə)
n
(Agriculture) the science or occupation of cultivating land and rearing crops and livestock; farming; husbandry.
[C17: from Latin agricultūra, from ager field, land + cultūra culture]
ˌagriˈcultural adj
ˌagriˈculturally adv
ˌagriˈculturist, ˌagriˈculturalist n

ag•ri•cul•ture

(ˈæg rɪˌkʌl tʃər)

n.
the science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, and feeding, breeding, and raising livestock; farming.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Middle French < Latin agrīcultūra=agrī, genitive singular of ager field + cultūra culture]
ag`ri•cul′tur•al, adj.
ag`ri•cul′tur•al•ly, adv.

Agriculture

See also plants; soil.

the art and science of farming. Also called tillage. — agriculturist, agriculturalist, n. — agricultural, adj.
the branch of geology concerned with the adaptability of land to agriculture, soil quality, etc. — agrogeologist, n.
agronomy.
the science of management in farming. Also spelled agronomics. — agronomist, n.
Rare. useful arts, as agriculture, commerce, and manufacturing.
the cultivation of citrus fruits, as lemons, oranges, etc. — citriculturist, n.
a cultivator or a person who grows things.
Law. the growing of crops and the profits reaped therefrom.
Rare. a proponent of the practice of leaving fields fallow.
the principles and adherence to the principles of the Grange. — granger, n.
the practice and science of cultivating gardens, for the growth of flowers, fruits, or vegetables. — horticulturist, n. — horticultural, adj.
1. Obsolete, domestic management, thrift, or frugality.
2. farming, especially the care of farm animals.
the use of land for the cultivation of only one type of crop. — monocultural, adj.
a person who tends or cultivates an orchard.
the herding or tending of cattle as a primary economic activity or occupation. Also called pasturage. — pastoralist, n.pastoral, adj.
pastoralism.
the cultivation of fruit and fruit-trees.
agriculture.
the seasonal migration of livestock and those who tend livestock between mountain and valley, as practiced in Switzerland. — transhumant, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.agriculture - a large-scale farming enterpriseagriculture - a large-scale farming enterprise  
business enterprise, commercial enterprise, business - the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects; "computers are now widely used in business"
2.agriculture - the practice of cultivating the land or raising stockagriculture - the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
cultivation - (agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops (especially on a large scale)
animal husbandry - breeding and caring for farm animals
arboriculture, tree farming - the cultivation of tree for the production of timber
dairy farming, dairying - the business of a dairy
gardening, horticulture - the cultivation of plants
tilling - cultivation of the land in order to raise crops
aquiculture, hydroponics, tank farming - a technique of growing plants (without soil) in water containing dissolved nutrients
mixed farming - growing crops and feed and livestock all on the same farm
planting - putting seeds or young plants in the ground to grow; "the planting of corn is hard work"
ranching - farming for the raising of livestock (particularly cattle)
strip cropping - cultivation of crops in strips following the contours of the land to minimize erosion
subsistence farming - farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
harvest time, harvest - the season for gathering crops
truck farming - growing vegetables for the market
smut - affect with smut or mildew, as of a crop such as corn
fertilize, fertilise, feed - provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to; "We should fertilize soil if we want to grow healthy plants"
thresh, thrash - beat the seeds out of a grain
sow, seed - place (seeds) in or on the ground for future growth; "She sowed sunflower seeds"
broadcast - sow over a wide area, especially by hand; "broadcast seeds"
inseminate, sow in, sow - place seeds in or on (the ground); "sow the ground with sunflower seeds"
reseed - seed again or anew
farm, produce, raise, grow - cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques; "The Bordeaux region produces great red wines"; "They produce good ham in Parma"; "We grow wheat here"; "We raise hogs here"
carry - bear (a crop); "this land does not carry olives"
till - work land as by ploughing, harrowing, and manuring, in order to make it ready for cultivation; "till the soil"
crop, cultivate, work - prepare for crops; "Work the soil"; "cultivate the land"
overcrop, overcultivate - to exhaust by excessive cultivation; "the farmers overcropped the land"
plow, plough, turn - to break and turn over earth especially with a plow; "Farmer Jones plowed his east field last week"; "turn the earth in the Spring"
ridge - plough alternate strips by throwing the furrow onto an unploughed strip
disk, harrow - draw a harrow over (land)
hoe - dig with a hoe; "He is hoeing the flower beds"
cultivate - foster the growth of
3.agriculture - the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy)Agriculture - the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
executive department - a federal department in the executive branch of the government of the United States
4.agriculture - the class of people engaged in growing foodagriculture - the class of people engaged in growing food
social class, socio-economic class, stratum, class - people having the same social, economic, or educational status; "the working class"; "an emerging professional class"

agriculture

noun farming, culture, cultivation, husbandry, tillage, agronomy, agronomics The country is strong in both industry and agriculture.
Related words
adjective geoponic
Translations
زِرَاعَةزِرَاعَه
zemědělství
landbrugjordbrug
maanviljelymaatalous
poljoprivreda
landbúnaîur, jarîyrkja
農業
농업
agricultura
žemdirbystėžemės ūkiožemės ūkis
lauksaimniecībazemkopība
kmetijstvo
jordbruk
การเกษตรกรรม
nông nghiệp

agriculture

[ˈægrɪkʌltʃəʳ] Nagricultura f
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (Brit) → Ministerio m de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación (Sp)

agriculture

[ˈægrɪkʌltʃər]
nagriculture f
modif [minister, official] → de l'agriculture

agriculture

nLandwirtschaft f; Minister of Agriculture (Brit) → Landwirtschaftsminister(in) m(f)

agriculture

[ˈægrɪkʌltʃəʳ] nagricoltura
commercial agriculture → agricoltura di mercato

agriculture

(ˈӕgrikaltʃə) noun
(the science of) the cultivation of land. He is studying agriculture.
ˌagriˈcultural adjective

agriculture

زِرَاعَة zemědělství landbrug Landwirtschaft γεωργία agricultura maatalous agriculture poljoprivreda agricoltura 農業 농업 landbouw landbruk rolnictwo agricultura сельское хозяйство jordbruk การเกษตรกรรม tarım nông nghiệp 农业
References in classic literature ?
After what Amy would call Herculaneum efforts, in the way of mental and moral agriculture, my young ideas begin to shoot and my little twigs to bend as I could wish.
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industries, Order No.
Practically speaking, the opponents to a reform in Massachusetts are not a hundred thousand politicians at the South, but a hundred thousand merchants and farmers here, who are more interested in commerce and agriculture than they are in humanity, and are not prepared to do justice to the slave and to Mexico, cost what it may.
Man and his affairs, church and state and school, trade and commerce, and manufactures and agriculture even politics, the most alarming of them all--I am pleased to see how little space they occupy in the landscape.
I not only watched this tournament from day to day, but detailed an intelligent priest from my Department of Public Morals and Agriculture, and ordered him to report it; for it was my purpose by and by, when I should have gotten the people along far enough, to start a newspaper.
It was as valuable as interesting, too, since it would open up the deserted summits of the highest Alps to population and agriculture.
He was giving Harriet information as to modes of agriculture, etc.
What enormous transactions in moral agriculture it might have been my privilege to carry on
But the last of these is wholly applied to what may be useful in life, to the improvement of agriculture, and all mechanical arts; so that among us, it would be little esteemed.
The industrious habits of the people of the present day, absorbed in the pursuits of gain, and devoted to the improvements of agriculture and commerce, are incompatible with the condition of a nation of soldiers, which was the true condition of the people of those republics.
As long as agriculture continues the sole field of labor, the importation of manufactures must increase as the consumers multiply.
Subjection of Nature's forces to man, machinery, application of chemistry to industry and agriculture, steam-navigation, railways, electric telegraphs, clearing of whole continents for cultivation, canalisation of rivers, whole populations conjured out of the ground -- what earlier century had even a presentiment that such productive forces slumbered in the lap of social labour?

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