albinism


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Related to albinism: Ocular Albinism

al·bi·nism

 (ăl′bə-nĭz′əm)
n.
1. Any of several inherited conditions characterized by the reduction or absence of the pigment melanin in a person or animal, resulting in lack of pigmentation in the eyes, skin, and hair. Humans with albinism usually have vision problems.
2. Lack of chlorophyll in a plant or plant part, resulting in a pale color.

[French albinisme, from German Albinismus, from Albino, albino, from Portuguese; see albino.]

al′bi·nis′tic adj.

al•bi•nism

(ˈæl bəˌnɪz əm)

n.
the state or condition of being an albino.
[1830–40]
al`bi•nis′tic, adj.

albinism

Medicine. a congenital absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes, ranging in scope from partial to total. Also albinoism. Cf. melanism. — albino, n. — albinotic, adj.
See also: Skin

albinism

An inherited condition in which people are born with defective melanocytes (pigment-producing cells). The skin, hair, and sometimes eyes lack color and the person is sensitive to sunlight.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hairalbinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
hypopigmentation - unusual lack of skin color
Translations

albinism

[ˈælbɪnɪzəm] Nalbinismo m

albinism

nAlbinismus m

al·bi·nism

n. albinismo, falta de pigmentación en la piel, el cabello y los ojos.

albinism

n albinismo
References in classic literature ?
Every one must have heard of cases of albinism, prickly skin, hairy bodies, &c.
A review of complete albinism in bats with five new cases from Brazil.
People with albinism may not have pigment in their eyes, skin, and hair.
Although the plans for eye pigmentation stemmed from some of our original work with ocular albinism, such background information quickly vanished from the worldwide media headlines, being replaced with the sound bite term "designer babies.
Hanna, whose vision loss is related to his albinism, was eligible to compete because he was 19 at the time of registration.
Number of barn swallows studied in the Chernobyl wildlife sanctuary; the study found abnormalities like albinism, unusual coloring, tumors and body deformities
The albinism is likely the result of a recessive gene.
Nova Scotia) have edited and revised entries for the new edition to include such topics as albinism, ethical issues in genetics research, phenylketonuria, spina bifida and new findings concerning the X and Y chromosomes.
With respect to skin, there are sections on hairiness and hypertrichosis, baldness and testosterone, piebaldism, albinism, skin colour, red hair (and the polymorphisms of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor, MC1R, which cause red hair), and finally supernumerary breasts.
Experts from Froglife believe the "highly unusual" discovery could point to a significant frog population carrying the rare recessive gene for albinism.
However, no genetic link has been announced since the mapping of the human genome comparable, say, to the discovery of the gene for Down syndrome or albinism.
Four other highlighted genes contribute to skin pigmentation in Europeans; mutations in those genes have been linked to disorders that cause unusually light pigmentation or albinism.