aldehyde


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Related to aldehyde: Aldehyde dehydrogenase

al·de·hyde

 (ăl′də-hīd′)
n.
Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds obtained by oxidation of primary alcohols, characterized by the common group CHO, and used in the manufacture of resins, dyes, and organic acids.

[German Aldehyd, from New Latin al. dehyd., abbr. for alcohol dehydrogenātum, dehydrogenized alcohol.]

aldehyde

(ˈældɪˌhaɪd)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) any organic compound containing the group -CHO. Aldehydes are oxidized to carboxylic acids and take part in many addition reactions
2. (Chemistry) (modifier) consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group -CHO: aldehyde group or radical.
[C19: from New Latin al(cohol) dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol]
aldehydic adj

al•de•hyde

(ˈæl dəˌhaɪd)

n.
any of a class of organic compounds containing the group −CHO, which yields acids when oxidized and alcohols when reduced.
[1840–50; < New Latin al(cohol)dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol]
al`de•hy′dic, adj.

al·de·hyde

(ăl′də-hīd′)
Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds containing the group CHO. Aldehydes are used in resins, dyes, and organic acids.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aldehyde - any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
ethanal trimer, paraldehyde - a colorless liquid (a cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde) that is used as a sedative and a solvent
acetaldehyde, ethanal - a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in the manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
formaldehyde, methanal - a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol
furfural, furfuraldehyde - a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corncobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
glyceraldehyde, glyceric aldehyde - a sweet crystalline aldehyde formed by the breakdown of sugars
propanal, propionaldehyde - a colorless liquid aldehyde
acrolein, propenal - a pungent colorless unsaturated liquid aldehyde made from propene
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Special methods are required to isolate and identify hydroperoxides, which are unstable and readily form the corresponding aldehyde.
This can be explained by the fact that as many as 12 different aldehyde dehydrogenases have been described in mammals (11), which makes the existence of overlapping substrate specificities quite likely.
Chemistry and biochemistry of 4-hydroxynonenal, malonaldehyde and related aldehydes.
Substitution of the hydroxyl for bulky or ionizable substituents can lead to incomplete substitution ([less than]50%) by the aldehyde (12).
A good experiment tests the effect of one variable, or characteristic, on another--for example, the effect of roasting temperature on aldehyde levels.
Additionally, Celsis and Boehringer-Ingelheim's collaborative poster presentation, Assessment of the Stability of Aldehyde Oxidase Activity in Fresh and Cryopreserved Human Hepatocytes, will be highlighted during the ISSX symposium I: Non-P450 dependent Oxidation Reactions on Monday, October 15 from 2:00 p.
The SLS Network Community and SLS Registry are supported by a RareLaunch(TM) educational grant from Aldeyra Therapeutics, a biotechnology company focused on the development of products to treat diseases related to free aldehydes, a naturally occurring class of toxic molecules.
To investigate the effect of ethanol content on aldehyde emissions, ethanol-containing PRF resin adhesives were prepared in a laboratory using an ethanol-free PRF resin sample provided from Oshika Corporation as the base.
Studies are scheduled that would determine the activity of the aldehyde at lower concentrations.
Within many mammalian systems aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDH's) convert toxic aldehydes into more manageable carboxylic acids.
resorcinol) with an aldehyde to produce a phenolic novolak resin.
UChB animals carry efficient variants of the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) genes and have active mitochondria, resulting in fast removal of acetaldehyde.