aldehyde


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Related to aldehyde: Aldehyde dehydrogenase

al·de·hyde

 (ăl′də-hīd′)
n.
Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds obtained by oxidation of primary alcohols, characterized by the common group CHO, and used in the manufacture of resins, dyes, and organic acids.

[German Aldehyd, from New Latin al. dehyd., abbr. for alcohol dehydrogenātum, dehydrogenized alcohol.]

aldehyde

(ˈældɪˌhaɪd)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) any organic compound containing the group -CHO. Aldehydes are oxidized to carboxylic acids and take part in many addition reactions
2. (Chemistry) (modifier) consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group -CHO: aldehyde group or radical.
[C19: from New Latin al(cohol) dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol]
aldehydic adj

al•de•hyde

(ˈæl dəˌhaɪd)

n.
any of a class of organic compounds containing the group −CHO, which yields acids when oxidized and alcohols when reduced.
[1840–50; < New Latin al(cohol)dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol]
al`de•hy′dic, adj.

al·de·hyde

(ăl′də-hīd′)
Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds containing the group CHO. Aldehydes are used in resins, dyes, and organic acids.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aldehyde - any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
ethanal trimer, paraldehyde - a colorless liquid (a cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde) that is used as a sedative and a solvent
acetaldehyde, ethanal - a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in the manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
formaldehyde, methanal - a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol
furfural, furfuraldehyde - a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corncobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
glyceraldehyde, glyceric aldehyde - a sweet crystalline aldehyde formed by the breakdown of sugars
propanal, propionaldehyde - a colorless liquid aldehyde
acrolein, propenal - a pungent colorless unsaturated liquid aldehyde made from propene
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
It is devoted to inventing, developing and commercializing products that treat diseases thought to be related to endogenous aldehydes, a naturally occurring class of pro-inflammatory and toxic molecules.
The Wittig olefination [1-5], for which Wittig was awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1979, is a powerful method for the formation of carbon-carbon double bonds by the reaction of aldehydes, or ketones, with phosphoranes (Wittig reagents).
But the chemistry of the vapors varied as the e-cigs heated up: The first puffs contained somewhat less of the aldehydes than later puffs.
They do not generate smoke as do conventional cigarettes but they do generate an aerosol - the vapour that alters indoor air quality and contains toxic aldehydes, said Daniel J.
Part of this program involves sampling for aldehydes using dnitrophenylhydrazene (DNPH) loaded cartridges adhering to the 1998 USEPA PAMS Technical Assistance Document (TAD).
For example: Aldehyde dehydrogenase is involved in breaking down aldehydes.
After technical drying, TVOC of fungal treated material decreased substantially due to the reduction of aldehyde emissions.
The investigators exposed cinnamic aldehyde to 158 F for up to 1 hour in a closed system.
Key words: Aldehyde oxidase; indole-3-acetic acid (IAA); methyl jasmonate; maize (Zea mays).
2] inhibits aldehyde dehydrogenase, which converts acetaldehyde to etha-no1.
It is indicated that the function of aldehyde dehydrogenase and iron containing alcohol dehydrogenase of Pseudomonas putida GB-1, function as oxidization of QACs.