allele(redirected from allelism)
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Related to allelism: Multiple Allelism
Any of the alternative forms of a gene or other homologous DNA sequence. Also called allelomorph.
[German Allel, short for Allelomorph, allelomorph, from English allelomorph.]
al·le′lic (ə-lē′lĭk, ə-lĕl′ĭk) adj.
(Genetics) any of two or more variants of a gene that have the same relative position on homologous chromosomes and are responsible for alternative characteristics, such as smooth or wrinkled seeds in peas. Also called: allelomorph See also multiple alleles
[C20: from German Allel, shortened from allelomorph, from Greek allēl- one another + morphē form]
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene occupying the same position on matching chromosomes: an individual normally has two alleles for each trait, one from either parent.
[1930–35; < German Allel, appar. as shortening of German equivalents of allelomorph or allelomorphic gene]
al•lel•ic (əˈli lɪk, əˈlɛl ɪk) adj.
Any of the possible forms in which a gene for a specific trait can occur. In almost all animal cells, two alleles for each trait are inherited, one from each parent. Alleles on each of a pair of chromosomes are called homozygous if they are similar to each other and heterozygous if they are different.
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|Noun||1.||allele - (genetics) either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character; "some alleles are dominant over others"|
cistron, gene, factor - (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity; "genes were formerly called factors"
dominant allele, dominant - an allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different
recessive, recessive allele - an allele that produces its characteristic phenotype only when its paired allele is identical