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These verbs mean to reserve or select for a specified purpose: allocated time for recreation; appropriated funds for public education; assigned the new computers to the science lab; designated a location for the new hospital; money that was earmarked for a vacation.
al•lo•ca•tion(ˌæl əˈkeɪ ʃən)
earmarked Set aside for a particular purpose; allocated for use in specified ways; marked so as to be recognized. This expression, dating from the 1500s, alludes to the practice of marking the ears of cattle and sheep to show ownership. An even older example of “earmarking” comes from Exodus 21:6:
… his master shall bore his ear through with an awl; and he shall serve him for ever.
Figuratively, earmarked is often used in regard to monetary allocations although it is heard in other contexts as well.
I need only earmark sufficient time in the summer for certain people whose hospitality I’ve accepted. (S. McKenna, Happy Ending, 1929)
lion’s share The largest portion; a disproportionately large share; all or most. This expression is derived from Aesop’s fable in which three animals joined forces with a lion for a hunt. When dividing their quarry, the lion claimed three fourths as his: one fourth as his just share, one fourth because of his great courage, and one fourth for his lioness and cubs. The lion offered the remaining fourth to any of the fellow-hunters who was able to defeat him in a fight. The intimidated animals declined the challenge, however, and left empty-handed.
The art of finding a rich friend to make a tour with you in autumn, and of leaving him to bear the lion’s share of the expenses. (Punch, June 22, 1872)
a piece of the action See INVOLVEMENT.
a piece of the pie A share in the profits; a portion of whatever is being divvied up and parceled out—usually money, but also applicable to intangibles such as attention, affection, time, etc. This expression probably has its origin in the graphic representation of budget allotments in circular, pie-shaped form, with various sized wedges or pieces indicating the relative size of allocations to different agencies, departments, etc. Webster’s Third cites A. H. Rashkin:
Industry is getting its share of the prosperity pie.
|Noun||1.||allocation - a share set aside for a specific purpose|
share, percentage, portion, part - assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group; "he wanted his share in cash"
reallocation - a share that has been allocated again
quota - a proportional share assigned to each participant
|2.||allocation - the act of distributing by allotting or apportioning; distribution according to a plan; "the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives is based on the relative population of each state"|
distribution - the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning
reallotment, reapportionment, reallocation - a new apportionment (especially a new apportionment of congressional seats in the United States on the basis of census results)
deal - the act of apportioning or distributing something; "the captain was entrusted with the deal of provisions"
rationing - the act of rationing; "during the war the government imposed rationing of food and gasoline"
|3.||allocation - (computer science) the assignment of particular areas of a magnetic disk to particular data or instructions|
assigning, assignment - the act of distributing something to designated places or persons; "the first task is the assignment of an address to each datum"