In this regard, the pair were interrogating what philosopher Nelson Goodman called the allographic
nature of cinema: It is a two-stage art that requires a performative enactment in order to be realized, something that necessarily opens the work to difference, fluctuation, and modification even as it remains itself.
8-9) makes the distinction between two types of senders, and thus distinguishes between two types of paratexts: authorial paratexts and allographic
Ao tratar de um tipo especifico de paratexto, o "prefacio alografico" [allographic
preface], o teorico e critico literario observa: "Basicamente, as funcoes do prefacio alografico coincidem em parte com--mas ao mesmo tempo acrescentam certa especificidade--as funcoes do prefacio autoral original (promover e orientar a leitura da obra), pois as funcoes caracteristicas dos prefacios autorais posteriores e atrasados dificilmente caem no terreno de um escritor de prefacios alograficos [an allographic
preface-writer] (doravante referidos simplesmente como escritores de prefacios).
bone marrow transplantation from a HLA compatible sibling has emerged and gene therapy has been successfully used 'in vitro'.
gt; to be what might be termed allographic
progenitors of modern <[?
The philosopher Nelson Goodman has explained that representations can be delineated into two kinds: allographic
(works that are based on a notation that exists outside the representation itself) and autographic (works that have no antecedent notation and exist as singularities)--and that only autographic works can be forged.
In an effort for accommodating the avant-garde arts that expand the horizons of "fine arts" Nelson Goodman proposed a dualistic ontology of art--autographic (painting and sculpture) and allographic
(literature and music) whereas Gregory Currie, rejecting this dualistic ontology, proposes a common ontology: all artworks are "acts" or performances (of the artist), a proposal that virtually goes back to the Greek theory of poeisis or "making".
The former produces the most commercially successful allographic
sequel of the sixteenth century, the latter the most critically acclaimed allographic
sequel in Spanish literature in the seventeenth century, particularly after Cervantes' effusive allusions to it in Don Quijote.
With music, an allographic
art, one has to decide which traits in the resultant performance derive from the creative mind that conceived of the work, the composer, and which derive from the actions producing the sounds of the performers.
works are physically multiplied into numerous copies: books, musical scores, constructions .
bone must be processed to guarantee safety (Becker et al.
In his discussion of digital images, Mitchell (1992) argues that it might be more useful to understand these materials as allographic
rather than autographic; namely, digital images, because they are digital, enable and encourage duplication.