effector

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Related to allosteric effector: Allosteric regulation

ef·fec·tor

 (ĭ-fĕk′tər)
n.
1. A muscle, gland, or organ capable of responding to a stimulus, especially a nerve impulse.
2. A nerve ending that carries impulses to a muscle, gland, or organ and activates muscle contraction or glandular secretion.
3. Biochemistry A small molecule or protein that alters biochemical processes in a cell, as by decreasing or increasing the activity of an enzyme.
4. Computers A device used to produce a desired change in an object in response to input.

effector

(ɪˈfɛktə) or

effecter

n
(Physiology) physiol a nerve ending that terminates in a muscle or gland and provides neural stimulation causing contraction or secretion

ef•fec•tor

(ɪˈfɛk tər)

n.
1. Also, effecter. a person or thing that effects something.
2.
a. an organ, cell, etc., that reacts to a nerve impulse, as a muscle by contracting or a gland by secreting.
b. the part of a nerve that conveys such an impulse.
[1595–1605; < Latin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.effector - one who brings about a result or event; one who accomplishes a purpose
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
2.effector - a nerve fiber that terminates on a muscle or gland and stimulates contraction or secretion
nerve fiber, nerve fibre - a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
endplate, end-plate, motor end plate - the flattened end of a motor neuron that transmits neural impulses to a muscle
3.effector - an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
sense organ, sensory receptor, receptor - an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
Translations
effecteur

ef·fec·tor

n. efector, terminación nerviosa que produce un efecto eferente en una glándula de secreción o en una célula muscular.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some feel that chloride shift may also control the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen through the chloride ion acting as an allosteric effector (reacts with a nonbinding site of an enzyme molecule or protein molecule and causes a change in the function of the molecule).
Binding of an allosteric effector changes the ability of the transport protein to bind oxygen by altering the structure of the protein.
This procedure removes ~98% of 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid, an allosteric effector for Hb [8].