allotrope


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al·lo·trope

 (ăl′ə-trōp′)
n.
A structurally differentiated form of an element that exhibits allotropy.

[Back-formation from allotropy.]

allotrope

(ˈæləˌtrəʊp)
n
(Chemistry) any of two or more physical forms in which an element can exist: diamond and graphite are allotropes of carbon.

al•lo•trope

(ˈæl əˌtroʊp)

n.
one of the two or more forms in which an allotropic element can exist.
[1885–90]

al·lo·trope

(ăl′ə-trōp′)
Any of several crystalline forms of a chemical element. Charcoal, graphite, and diamond are all allotropes of carbon.

allotrope

An elements (such as oxygen, which can exist in its normal form and as ozone) which can exist with different physical properties while in the same physical state.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.allotrope - a structurally different form of an element; "graphite and diamond are allotropes of carbon"
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
Translations
allotrope

allotrope

[ˈæləˌtrəʊp] nallotropo
References in periodicals archive ?
Originally it indicated the metastable allotrope of steel, formed by rapid cooling.
Graphene, an inert carbon allotrope in the form of a two-dimensional, atomic-scale hexagonal lattice, substantially increases mechanical, electrical and thermal properties with loadings of a fraction of 1 percent by weight.
He highlighted the UK's role in innovation in the possibilities of graphene, a carbon allotrope found in pencils, with Nobel Prize-winning potential identified in 2004 at the University of Manchester - "Absolutely extraordinary, and it's really caught on as a theme" - as an example.
Similar to the plastics revolution of the 20th century, the carbon allotrope seems eagerly poised to usher in"the age of graphene"in the 21st century.
Graphene--the two-dimensional allotrope of carbon taking the form of a two-dimensional, atomic scale hexagonal lattice in which one atom forms each vertex--was discovered by University of Manchester scientists in 2004.
That's why initiatives such as the Pistoia Alliance and Allotrope Foundation are important.
Abstract: Silicene is a monolayer allotrope of silicon atoms arranged in a honeycomb structure with massless Dirac fermion characteristics similar to graphene.
Through Centre for Defence Enterprise (CDE) funding, Basingstoke-based SME ALLOTROPE Power Systems (a spin-out of MAST Carbon) has successfully demonstrated a process to produce a functioning pseudocapacitor (an energy storage device) using its high surface area carbon support technology combined with standard battery materials.
Depending on their thickness, thin films of black phosphorus--an allotrope of this element's familiar white or red forms--can be "tuned" to different semiconducting bandgaps that would make this material far more adaptable to various types of optical electronic switching.
It is an allotrope of carbon--which along with diamond, graphite and Buckminster fullerene are all pure forms of carbon with the atoms bonded together in different structures.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), an allotrope of Carbon composed of rolled layer of graphene, have very good electrical, thermal, optical, rheological and mechanical properties [10-16].