alter


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al·ter

 (ôl′tər)
v. al·tered, al·ter·ing, al·ters
v.tr.
1. To change or make different; modify: altered my will.
2. To adjust (a garment) for a better fit.
3. To castrate or spay (an animal, such as a cat or a dog).
v.intr.
To change or become different.

[Middle English alteren, from Old French alterer, from Medieval Latin alterāre, from Latin alter, other; see al- in Indo-European roots.]

al′ter·a·bil′i·ty, al′ter·a·ble·ness n.
al′ter·a·ble adj.
al′ter·a·bly adv.

alter

(ˈɔːltə)
vb
1. to make or become different in some respect; change
2. (tr) informal chiefly US a euphemistic word for castrate, spay
[C14: from Old French alterer, from Medieval Latin alterāre to change, from Latin alter other]
ˈalterable adj
ˈalterably adv
ˌalteraˈbility n

al•ter

(ˈɔl tər)

v.t.
1. to make different in some particular, as size, style, course, or the like; modify: to alter a coat; to alter a will.
2. to castrate or spay.
v.i.
3. to change; become different or modified.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Old French alterer < Late Latin alterāre to change, worsen, derivative of Latin alter other]
al′ter•a•ble, adj.
al`ter•a•bil′i•ty, n.
al′ter•a•bly, adv.
al′ter•er, n.
syn: See adjust, change.

alter


Past participle: altered
Gerund: altering

Imperative
alter
alter
Present
I alter
you alter
he/she/it alters
we alter
you alter
they alter
Preterite
I altered
you altered
he/she/it altered
we altered
you altered
they altered
Present Continuous
I am altering
you are altering
he/she/it is altering
we are altering
you are altering
they are altering
Present Perfect
I have altered
you have altered
he/she/it has altered
we have altered
you have altered
they have altered
Past Continuous
I was altering
you were altering
he/she/it was altering
we were altering
you were altering
they were altering
Past Perfect
I had altered
you had altered
he/she/it had altered
we had altered
you had altered
they had altered
Future
I will alter
you will alter
he/she/it will alter
we will alter
you will alter
they will alter
Future Perfect
I will have altered
you will have altered
he/she/it will have altered
we will have altered
you will have altered
they will have altered
Future Continuous
I will be altering
you will be altering
he/she/it will be altering
we will be altering
you will be altering
they will be altering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been altering
you have been altering
he/she/it has been altering
we have been altering
you have been altering
they have been altering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been altering
you will have been altering
he/she/it will have been altering
we will have been altering
you will have been altering
they will have been altering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been altering
you had been altering
he/she/it had been altering
we had been altering
you had been altering
they had been altering
Conditional
I would alter
you would alter
he/she/it would alter
we would alter
you would alter
they would alter
Past Conditional
I would have altered
you would have altered
he/she/it would have altered
we would have altered
you would have altered
they would have altered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.alter - cause to changealter - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
awaken, wake up, waken, rouse, wake, arouse - cause to become awake or conscious; "He was roused by the drunken men in the street"; "Please wake me at 6 AM."
cause to sleep - make fall asleep; "The soft music caused us to fall asleep"
affect - act physically on; have an effect upon; "the medicine affects my heart rate"
refreshen, freshen, refresh - make fresh again
fecundate, inseminate, fertilise, fertilize - introduce semen into (a female)
indispose - cause to feel unwell; "She was indisposed"
cry - bring into a particular state by crying; "The little boy cried himself to sleep"
etiolate - make pale or sickly; "alcohol etiolates your skin"
shade - vary slightly; "shade the meaning"
animalise, animalize, brutalise, brutalize - make brutal, unfeeling, or inhuman; "Life in the camps had brutalized him"
convert - change the nature, purpose, or function of something; "convert lead into gold"; "convert hotels into jails"; "convert slaves to laborers"
opalise, opalize - make opalescent
arterialise, arterialize - change venous blood into arterial blood
make, get - give certain properties to something; "get someone mad"; "She made us look silly"; "He made a fool of himself at the meeting"; "Don't make this into a big deal"; "This invention will make you a millionaire"; "Make yourself clear"
counterchange, interchange, transpose - cause to change places; "interchange this screw for one of a smaller size"
vascularise, vascularize - make vascular; "the yolk sac is gradually vascularized"
decrepitate - to roast or calcine so as to cause to crackle or until crackling stops; "decrepitate salts"
suburbanise, suburbanize - make suburban in character; "highly suburbanized cities"
revolutionize, revolutionise, overturn - change radically; "E-mail revolutionized communication in academe"
etiolate - bleach and alter the natural development of (a green plant) by excluding sunlight
barbarise, barbarize - make crude or savage in behavior or speech; "his years in prison have barbarized the young man"
alkalinise, alkalinize - make (a substance) alkaline; "The oxide is alkalized"
mythicise, mythicize, mythologise, mythologize - make into a myth; "The Europeans have mythicized Rte. 66"
allegorise, allegorize - make into an allegory; "The story was allegorized over time"
demythologise, demythologize - remove the mythical element from (writings); "the Bible should be demythologized and examined for its historical value"
land, bring - bring into a different state; "this may land you in jail"
coarsen - make less subtle or refined; "coarsen one's ideals"
affect, bear upon, impact, bear on, touch on, touch - have an effect upon; "Will the new rules affect me?"
alchemise, alchemize - alter (elements) by alchemy
alcoholise, alcoholize - make alcoholic, as by fermenting; "alcoholize prunes"
shape, form - give shape or form to; "shape the dough"; "form the young child's character"
round down, round off, round out, round - express as a round number; "round off the amount"
suspend - cause to be held in suspension in a fluid; "suspend the particles"
sober - cause to become sober; "A sobering thought"
reconstruct - cause somebody to adapt or reform socially or politically
increase - make bigger or more; "The boss finally increased her salary"; "The university increased the number of students it admitted"
ease off, let up, ease up - reduce pressure or intensity; "he eased off the gas pedal and the car slowed down"
assimilate - make similar; "This country assimilates immigrants very quickly"
dissimilate - make dissimilar; cause to become less similar
commute, exchange, convert - exchange a penalty for a less severe one
vitalise, vitalize - give life to; "The eggs are vitalized"
clear, unclutter - rid of obstructions; "Clear your desk"
activate - make active or more active; "activate an old file"
activate - make (substances) radioactive
aerate, activate - aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter
2.alter - become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence; "her mood changes in accordance with the weather"; "The supermarket's selection of vegetables varies according to the season"
alternate, jump - go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions
crackle - to become, or to cause to become, covered with a network of small cracks; "The blazing sun crackled the desert sand"
modulate - vary the frequency, amplitude, phase, or other characteristic of (electromagnetic waves)
avianise, avianize - to modify microorganisms by repeated culture in the developing chick embryo
move - go or proceed from one point to another; "the debate moved from family values to the economy"
adapt, accommodate - make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose; "Adapt our native cuisine to the available food resources of the new country"
widen, let out - make (clothes) larger; "Let out that dress--I gained a lot of weight"
take in - make (clothes) smaller; "Please take in this skirt--I've lost weight"
branch out, broaden, diversify - vary in order to spread risk or to expand; "The company diversified"
diversify, radiate - spread into new habitats and produce variety or variegate; "The plants on this island diversified"
specialize, narrow down, narrow, specialise - become more focus on an area of activity or field of study; "She specializes in Near Eastern history"
honeycomb - make full of cavities, like a honeycomb
break - vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity; "The flat plain was broken by tall mesas"
3.alter - make an alteration toalter - make an alteration to; "This dress needs to be altered"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
4.alter - insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby
edit, redact - prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting; "Edit a book on lexical semantics"; "she edited the letters of the politician so as to omit the most personal passages"
5.alter - remove the ovaries ofalter - remove the ovaries of; "Is your cat spayed?"
defeminise, defeminize - remove the ovaries of (female mammals such as cats)
desex, desexualise, desexualize, sterilise, sterilize, unsex, fix - make infertile; "in some countries, people with genetically transmissible disabilites are sterilized"

alter

verb
1. modify, change, reform, shift, vary, transform, adjust, adapt, revise, amend, diversify, remodel, tweak (informal), recast, reshape, metamorphose, transmute They have never altered their programmes.
2. change, turn, vary, transform, adjust, adapt, metamorphose Little had altered in the village.

alter

verb
1. To make or become different:
2. To render incapable of reproducing sexually:
Translations
يُبَدِّلُيُغَيِّر
změnitupravit
ændreforandre
muuttaa
promijeniti
breyta
変更する
...을 바꾸다
pakeistipakeitimas
mainītiespārmainītpārtaisīt
predelatispremeniti
ändra
ปรับเปลี่ยน
değiş mekdeğiştirmek
thay đổi

alter

[ˈɒltəʳ]
A. VT
1. (= change) [+ text] → modificar, cambiar; (esp for the worse) → alterar; [+ painting, speech] → retocar; [+ opinion, course] → cambiar de (Archit) → reformar (Sew) → arreglar
then that alters thingsentonces la cosa cambia
it has altered things for the betterha cambiado las cosas para mejor, ha mejorado las cosas
circumstances alter casesel caso depende de las circunstancias
I see no need to alter my viewno veo ninguna necesidad de cambiar mi opinión
2. (= falsify) [+ evidence] → falsificar; [+ document] → alterar
3. (US) (= castrate) → castrar
B. VI [person, place] → cambiar
I find him much alteredle veo muy cambiado
to alter for the bettermejorar, cambiar para mejor
to alter for the worseempeorar, cambiar para peor

alter

[ˈɔːltər]
vt (= change) [+ fact, position] → changer, modifier; [+ balance] → modifier; [+ behaviour, appearance] → changer, transformer; [+ situation, outcome, plans] → changer; [+ perception] → changer, modifier
vi (= change) [situation, outcome, plans] → changer; [fact, position] → changer; [mood] → changer; [balance] → se modifier, changer; [behaviour] → changer

alter

vt
(= change)ändern; (= modify)(ab)ändern; to alter something completelyetw vollkommen verändern; that alters thingsdas ändert die Sache; it does not alter the fact that …das ändert nichts an der Tatsache, dass …
(US: = castrate, spay) → kastrieren
visich (ver)ändern; to alter for the better/worsesich zu seinem Vorteil/Nachteil (ver)ändern; (things, situation)sich zum Besseren/Schlechteren wenden

alter

[ˈɒltəʳ]
1. vt (gen) → modificare, cambiare, alterare; (opinion, one's own) → cambiare, mutare; (sb else's) → far cambiare or mutare; (garment, building) → fare una modifica (or delle modifiche) a
2. vicambiare

alter

(ˈoːltə) verb
to make or become different; to change. Will you alter this dress (to fit me)?; The town has altered a lot in the last two years.
ˌalteˈration noun
The alterations he has made to the play have not improved it.

alter

يُبَدِّلُ změnit (se) ændre ändern αλλάζω alterar muuttaa altérer promijeniti modificare 変更する ...을 바꾸다 veranderen endre zmienić alterar изменять ändra ปรับเปลี่ยน değiştirmek thay đổi 改变

alter

vt. cambiar, variar; reformar.
References in classic literature ?
My castle is very different from what I planned, but I would not alter it, though, like Jo, I don't relinquish all my artistic hopes, or confine myself to helping others fulfill their dreams of beauty.
A Mingo is a Mingo, and God having made him so, neither the Mohawks nor any other tribe can alter him," he said, when he had regained his former position.
So have I seen Passion and Vanity stamping the living magnanimous earth, but the earth did not alter her tides and her seasons for that.
said the other, "I did not know yours was a six-days' cab; but of course it would be very easy to alter your license.
Men, generally, under such a government as this, think that they ought to wait until they have persuaded the majority to alter them.
I was from Con- necticut, whose Constitution declares "that all political power is inherent in the people, and all free govern- ments are founded on their authority and instituted for their benefit; and that they have AT ALL TIMES an undeni- able and indefeasible right to ALTER THEIR FORM OF GOVERN- MENT in such a manner as they may think expedient.
When he perceived at last that nothing could alter my determination, he ceased to urge, and for a while the deep silence was broken only by his sobs.
But Tom he showed him how unregular it would be, and set down and told him all about our plans, and how we could alter them in a minute any time there was an alarm; and not to be the least afraid, because we would see he got away, SURE.
She was pleased with the eagerness to arrive which had made him alter his plan, and travel earlier, later, and quicker, that he might gain half a day.
Without considering that it was not in her mother's plan to keep any horse, that if she were to alter her resolution in favour of this gift, she must buy another for the servant, and keep a servant to ride it, and after all, build a stable to receive them, she had accepted the present without hesitation, and told her sister of it in raptures.
If people were always kind and obedient to those who are cruel and unjust, the wicked people would have it all their own way: they would never feel afraid, and so they would never alter, but would grow worse and worse.
You can't alter what you've done,' he replied pettishly, shrinking from her, 'unless you alter it for the worse by teasing me into a fever.