4) As several critics, including Jaime Alazrald, have pointed out, interpretations of the Torah can be categorized according to four levels: literal meaning, peshat; allegorical meaning, remez; Talmudic and Aggadic reading, derasha, and anagogic
meaning, sod (Borges and the Kabbalah 39).
Finally, even his juxtaposition of Bishop's six poems--in the way it regains the wholeness of different modes of experience--is not unlike the unity of Dante's four levels of experience (the exemplar of teleologically centered literature): literal, historic, allegoric, and anagogic
Confusion: where Cohen will emphasize the transcendent possibilities of translation understood as an abandonment of one's language and one's accustomed "relations of ruling" (Goddard 89) in the name of identification with some absolute outside (translation as anagogic
metaphor), Glover will problematize such transcendence, presenting translation as inevitably ironic, paradoxical, misplaced (translation as metaphor still, but verging on catachresis, disjuncture): "I have become a metaphor or a joke," Elle opines, "a piece of language sliding from one state into another [.
19) Central to the stability of interpretation in medieval culture was the theory of exegesis, according to which the Scripture had four senses: historical, tropological (moral), typological, and anagogic
The fact that medieval thinkers considered intellectual activity to be anagogic
, that is, something that brings us toward a higher being, enlightenment, etc.
Emphasizing the fictional rather than sublime or anagogic
quality of modern Kunstlerromane, I suggest that the "language of fiction's modernist Kunstlerroman" is connected with a turn away from art--specifically a kind of vraisemblance--that nonetheless keeps itself separate from scientific discourses via its essential, and often underemphasized, fictionality (see also Malmgren 19 and Scarparo 372).
Third, I want to outline briefly how using the materiality of the textile trade as a frame for reconsidering and rereading Jerusalem reveals occasions on which apparently trivial and perplexing symbols in the poem don't require mythical or anagogic
referents but only historical and material ones.
Blake's use and advocacy of the linear style and attention to the anagogic
principles of medieval art aligns him with the illustrator of Piers Plowman.
115-19) distinguishes the literal and spiritual senses of Scripture and further subdivides the spiritual into the allegorical, moral, and anagogic
Rather, she appears to presuppose the anagogic
not as a species of a more general mode of "symbolic reference" but more in the terms of the ancient practice of reading scripture according to the four senses: the literal, the allegorical, the moral, and the anagogical.
The third dilemma is the mix of the familiar and the alien among Polish war immigrants in Edinburgh, while the fourth has to do with the problem of interpreting anagogic
language in religious poetry.
union, the rose encircled by the thistle, also has an anagogic