analogy


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a·nal·o·gy

 (ə-năl′ə-jē)
n. pl. a·nal·o·gies
1.
a. A similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar: sees an analogy between viral infection and the spread of ideas.
b. A comparison based on such similarity: made an analogy between love and a fever.
2. Biology Correspondence in function or position between organs of dissimilar evolutionary origin or structure.
3. A form of reasoning based on the assumption that if two things are known to be alike in some respects, then they are probably alike in other respects.
4. Linguistics The process by which words or morphemes are re-formed or created on the model of existing grammatical patterns in a language, often leading to greater regularity in paradigms, as evidenced by helped replacing holp and holpen as the past tense and past participle of help on the model of verbs such as yelp, yelped, yelped.

[Middle English analogie, from Old French, from Latin analogia, from Greek analogiā, from analogos, proportionate; see analogous.]

analogy

(əˈnælədʒɪ)
n, pl -gies
1. agreement or similarity, esp in a certain limited number of features or details
2. a comparison made to show such a similarity: to draw an analogy between an atom and the solar system.
3. (Biology) biology the relationship between analogous organs or parts
4. (Logic) logic maths a form of reasoning in which a similarity between two or more things is inferred from a known similarity between them in other respects
5. (Linguistics) linguistics imitation of existing models or regular patterns in the formation of words, inflections, etc: a child may use "sheeps" as the plural of "sheep" by analogy with "dog", "dogs", "cat", "cats", etc.
[C16: from Greek analogia ratio, correspondence, from analogos analogous]
analogical, ˌanaˈlogic adj
ˌanaˈlogically adv
aˈnalogist n

a•nal•o•gy

(əˈnæl ə dʒi)

n., pl. -gies.
1. a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
2. similarity or comparability: I see no analogy between our situations.
3. a similarity of forms having a separate evolutionary origin (opposed to homology).
4. a linguistic process by which words or phrases are created or re-formed according to existing patterns in the language, as when dialectal shoon was re-formed as shoes.
5. a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of known similarities in other respects.
[1530–40; < Latin analogia < Greek]

analogy

- Comes from Greek analogia, "a proportion," such as 2/10 = 10/X, a way of calculating unknown quantities.
See also related terms for proportion.

analogy

an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; in literature, the basis for metaphor and simile. — analogie, analogical, adj.
See also: Agreement
an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; the inference that if two things agree with each other in one or more respects, they will probably agree in yet other respects. — analogous, adj.
See also: Argumentation

analogy

Comparison made between two or more things in order to show their similarity.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.analogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in othersanalogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
illation, inference - the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
2.analogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respectanalogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"
comparing, comparison - the act of examining resemblances; "they made a comparison of noise levels"; "the fractions selected for comparison must require pupils to consider both numerator and denominator"
3.analogy - the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"

analogy

noun similarity, relation, comparison, parallel, correspondence, resemblance, correlation, likeness, equivalence, homology, similitude The analogy between music and fragrance has stuck.

analogy

noun
Translations
аналогияподобие
analogie
analogija
analogi

analogy

[əˈnælədʒɪ] Nanalogía f; (= similarity) → semejanza f
by analogy with; on the analogy ofpor analogía con
to argue from or by analogyrazonar por analogía
to draw an analogy betweenseñalar una semejanza entre

analogy

[əˈnælədʒi] nanalogie f
to draw an analogy between sth and sth → établir une analogie entre qch et qch
by analogy → par analogieanal-retentive [ˌeɪnəlrəˈtɛntɪv] adj
(PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHIATRY)qui fait une fixation au stade anal
(pejorative)maniaque

analogy

nAnalogie f; arguing by analogy one could claim that …analog könnte man behaupten; to draw an analogyeine Analogie herstellen, einen analogen Vergleich ziehen; on the analogy ofanalog zu, nach dem Muster (+gen); it’s an argument by analogyes ist ein Analogiebeweis, es ist eine analoge Argumentation

analogy

[əˈnælədʒɪ] nanalogia
to draw an analogy between → fare un'analogia tra

analogy

n. analogía, semejanza.
References in periodicals archive ?
Computational analogy and case-based reasoning (CBR) are closely related research areas.
Many linguists have studied the role of analogy in English inflectional morphology, says Mattiello, but analogy also deserves attention and investigation in word formation, particularly because of its relevance to neology in English.
Subsequently it turned out that magnetization occurs due to the flow of molecular (microscopic) currents inside the magnets (such a model will be called the magnetization model by molecular currents), and the electrostatic analogy is far from the nature of magnetism [1, 4].
Anderson explores complex early modern scientific discourse with rare depth and curiosity, and she shapes her audience's reading experience with a complex structure to her own book, which seeks to replicate Anderson's own process of the discovery that analogy is at the very core of both scientific and poetic discourse in the early modern period.
Despite its seeming ridiculousness, however, Trump Jr's Skittles analogy has been used plenty of times before.
The theory underlying the model is psychologist Dedre Gentner's structure-mapping theory of analogy and similarity, which has been used to explain and predict many psychology phenomena.
Bailey (2012) explains that analogy provides explicit explanatory structure by using a comparison of what we already know or experience to understand certain concepts.
A lot of the time, things that we're trying to find in basic science are up-translated into being meaningful when they may not be," and then used to fit an analogy that is probably not true, said Dr.
6) Both Catherine Packham and Devin Griffiths have explored Darwin's use of analogy in The Loves of the Plants and Zoonomia (1794).
Before jumping into the complexities of Avicenna's doctrine of the analogy of being, we should begin with some contextual remarks that orient our investigation.
Wilbers and Duit (2001) debates that both Gentner and Holyoaks consider propositionally based knowledge as a starting point for analogy use.