analogy


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a·nal·o·gy

 (ə-năl′ə-jē)
n. pl. a·nal·o·gies
1.
a. A similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar: sees an analogy between viral infection and the spread of ideas.
b. A comparison based on such similarity: made an analogy between love and a fever.
2. Biology Correspondence in function or position between organs of dissimilar evolutionary origin or structure.
3. A form of reasoning based on the assumption that if two things are known to be alike in some respects, then they are probably alike in other respects.
4. Linguistics The process by which words or morphemes are re-formed or created on the model of existing grammatical patterns in a language, often leading to greater regularity in paradigms, as evidenced by helped replacing holp and holpen as the past tense and past participle of help on the model of verbs such as yelp, yelped, yelped.

[Middle English analogie, from Old French, from Latin analogia, from Greek analogiā, from analogos, proportionate; see analogous.]

analogy

(əˈnælədʒɪ)
n, pl -gies
1. agreement or similarity, esp in a certain limited number of features or details
2. a comparison made to show such a similarity: to draw an analogy between an atom and the solar system.
3. (Biology) biology the relationship between analogous organs or parts
4. (Logic) logic maths a form of reasoning in which a similarity between two or more things is inferred from a known similarity between them in other respects
5. (Linguistics) linguistics imitation of existing models or regular patterns in the formation of words, inflections, etc: a child may use "sheeps" as the plural of "sheep" by analogy with "dog", "dogs", "cat", "cats", etc.
[C16: from Greek analogia ratio, correspondence, from analogos analogous]
analogical, ˌanaˈlogic adj
ˌanaˈlogically adv
aˈnalogist n

a•nal•o•gy

(əˈnæl ə dʒi)

n., pl. -gies.
1. a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
2. similarity or comparability: I see no analogy between our situations.
3. a similarity of forms having a separate evolutionary origin (opposed to homology).
4. a linguistic process by which words or phrases are created or re-formed according to existing patterns in the language, as when dialectal shoon was re-formed as shoes.
5. a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of known similarities in other respects.
[1530–40; < Latin analogia < Greek]

analogy

- Comes from Greek analogia, "a proportion," such as 2/10 = 10/X, a way of calculating unknown quantities.
See also related terms for proportion.

analogy

an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; in literature, the basis for metaphor and simile. — analogie, analogical, adj.
See also: Agreement
an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; the inference that if two things agree with each other in one or more respects, they will probably agree in yet other respects. — analogous, adj.
See also: Argumentation

analogy

Comparison made between two or more things in order to show their similarity.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.analogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in othersanalogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
illation, inference - the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
2.analogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respectanalogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"
comparing, comparison - the act of examining resemblances; "they made a comparison of noise levels"; "the fractions selected for comparison must require pupils to consider both numerator and denominator"
3.analogy - the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"

analogy

noun similarity, relation, comparison, parallel, correspondence, resemblance, correlation, likeness, equivalence, homology, similitude The analogy between music and fragrance has stuck.

analogy

noun
Translations
аналогияподобие
analogie
analogija
analogi

analogy

[əˈnælədʒɪ] Nanalogía f; (= similarity) → semejanza f
by analogy with; on the analogy ofpor analogía con
to argue from or by analogyrazonar por analogía
to draw an analogy betweenseñalar una semejanza entre

analogy

[əˈnælədʒi] nanalogie f
to draw an analogy between sth and sth → établir une analogie entre qch et qch
by analogy → par analogieanal-retentive [ˌeɪnəlrəˈtɛntɪv] adj
(PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHIATRY)qui fait une fixation au stade anal
(pejorative)maniaque

analogy

nAnalogie f; arguing by analogy one could claim that …analog könnte man behaupten; to draw an analogyeine Analogie herstellen, einen analogen Vergleich ziehen; on the analogy ofanalog zu, nach dem Muster (+gen); it’s an argument by analogyes ist ein Analogiebeweis, es ist eine analoge Argumentation

analogy

[əˈnælədʒɪ] nanalogia
to draw an analogy between → fare un'analogia tra

analogy

n. analogía, semejanza.
References in classic literature ?
The mother herself -- as if the red ignominy were so deeply scorched into her brain that all her conceptions assumed its form -- had carefully wrought out the similitude, lavishing many hours of morbid ingenuity to create an analogy between the object of her affection and the emblem of her guilt and torture.
The accursed shark alone can in any generic respect be said to bear comparative analogy to him.
The youth and cheerfulness of morning are in happy analogy, and of powerful operation; and if the distress be not poignant enough to keep the eyes unclosed, they will be sure to open to sensations of softened pain and brighter hope.
I have indeed observed the same disposition among most of the mathematicians I have known in Europe, although I could never discover the least analogy between the two sciences; unless those people suppose, that because the smallest circle has as many degrees as the largest, therefore the regulation and management of the world require no more abilities than the handling and turning of a globe; but I rather take this quality to spring from a very common infirmity of human nature, inclining us to be most curious and conceited in matters where we have least concern, and for which we are least adapted by study or nature.
THE UTILITY OF THE UNION TO YOUR POLITICAL PROSPERITY THE INSUFFICIENCY OF THE PRESENT CONFEDERATION TO PRESERVE THAT UNION THE NECESSITY OF A GOVERNMENT AT LEAST EQUALLY ENERGETIC WITH THE ONE PROPOSED, TO THE ATTAINMENT OF THIS OBJECT THE CONFORMITY OF THE PROPOSED CONSTITUTION TO THE TRUE PRINCIPLES OF REPUBLICAN GOVERNMENT ITS ANALOGY TO YOUR OWN STATE CONSTITUTION and lastly, THE ADDITIONAL SECURITY WHICH ITS ADOPTION WILL AFFORD TO THE PRESERVATION OF THAT SPECIES OF GOVERNMENT, TO LIBERTY, AND TO PROPERTY.
The Lycian Confederacy, as far as its principles and form are transmitted, must have borne a still greater analogy to it.
It is all plain and simple, and in strict accordance with Analogy -- only, by the way, you must not speak of the result as being a Figure, but as a Solid.
I thought I would push his analogy to its utmost logically, so I said quickly, "Oh, it is a soul you are after now, is it?
Analogy or proportion is when the second term is to the first as the fourth to the third.
Now it was the fact that intelligence bearing some faint analogy to Esther's version of it was current among the townspeople.
Your $80,000 girls get SUCH notions in their heads, that there's no analogy, as one might say, between them and the rest of the species.
It appears that there was no agreement, either in writing or in words, on the disputed point; therefore we must reason from analogy, which is, as it were, comparing one thing with another.