anneal


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an·neal

 (ə-nēl′)
v. an·nealed, an·neal·ing, an·neals
v.tr.
1. To subject (glass or metal) to a process of heating and slow cooling in order to toughen and reduce brittleness.
2. To strengthen or harden.
v.intr.
To become strengthened or hardened: "the time she needed for opinion to anneal around her policy" (Alexander M. Haig, Jr.).

[Middle English anelen, from Old English onǣlan, to set fire to : on, on; see on + ǣlan, to kindle.]

anneal

(əˈniːl)
vb
1. (Metallurgy) to temper or toughen (something) by heat treatment
2. (General Physics) to subject to or undergo some physical treatment, esp heating, that removes internal stress, crystal defects, and dislocations
3. (tr) to toughen or strengthen (the will, determination, etc)
4. (General Physics) (often foll by out) physics to disappear or cause to disappear by a rearrangement of atoms: defects anneal out at different temperatures.
n
an act of annealing
[Old English onǣlan, from on + ǣlan to burn, from āl fire]
anˈnealer n

an•neal

(əˈnil)

v.t.
1. to heat (glass, earthenware, metals, etc.) to remove or prevent internal stress.
2. to free from internal stress by heating and gradually cooling.
3. to toughen or temper.
4. to recombine (nucleic acid strands) at low temperature after separating by heat.
5. to fuse colors onto (a vitreous or metallic surface) by heating.
[before 1000; Middle English anelen, Old English anǣlan to kindle =an- on + ǣlan to burn, akin to āl fire]
an•neal′er, n.

anneal


Past participle: annealed
Gerund: annealing

Imperative
anneal
anneal
Present
I anneal
you anneal
he/she/it anneals
we anneal
you anneal
they anneal
Preterite
I annealed
you annealed
he/she/it annealed
we annealed
you annealed
they annealed
Present Continuous
I am annealing
you are annealing
he/she/it is annealing
we are annealing
you are annealing
they are annealing
Present Perfect
I have annealed
you have annealed
he/she/it has annealed
we have annealed
you have annealed
they have annealed
Past Continuous
I was annealing
you were annealing
he/she/it was annealing
we were annealing
you were annealing
they were annealing
Past Perfect
I had annealed
you had annealed
he/she/it had annealed
we had annealed
you had annealed
they had annealed
Future
I will anneal
you will anneal
he/she/it will anneal
we will anneal
you will anneal
they will anneal
Future Perfect
I will have annealed
you will have annealed
he/she/it will have annealed
we will have annealed
you will have annealed
they will have annealed
Future Continuous
I will be annealing
you will be annealing
he/she/it will be annealing
we will be annealing
you will be annealing
they will be annealing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been annealing
you have been annealing
he/she/it has been annealing
we have been annealing
you have been annealing
they have been annealing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been annealing
you will have been annealing
he/she/it will have been annealing
we will have been annealing
you will have been annealing
they will have been annealing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been annealing
you had been annealing
he/she/it had been annealing
we had been annealing
you had been annealing
they had been annealing
Conditional
I would anneal
you would anneal
he/she/it would anneal
we would anneal
you would anneal
they would anneal
Past Conditional
I would have annealed
you would have annealed
he/she/it would have annealed
we would have annealed
you would have annealed
they would have annealed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.anneal - bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and coolinganneal - bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling; "temper glass"
harden, indurate - make hard or harder; "The cold hardened the butter"
Translations
žíhat
hehkuttaa

anneal

[əˈniːl] VTtemplar

anneal

vt glasskühlen; metalausglühen; earthenwarebrennen; (fig)stählen

anneal

[əˈniːl] vt (Tech) (glass, metal) → ricuocere
References in periodicals archive ?
You can anneal something from room temperature to 800 degrees Celsius, but you don t know at which point you should stop the process to ensure the best catalytic performance, lead author Miaofang Chi said.
Three things to note particularly here: first, that this potential (primer 1 + primer 2) product creates a copy of the opposite template strand flanking the potential SNP; second, if the 3' nucleotide of primer 1 does not anneal to the template, ligation does not occur (at least, not at any significant rate); and third, the 3' end of primer 2 ends in a sequence chosen specifically to not anneal to the template; this is to avoid this 3' end being involved in any additional, unwanted ligation reactions.
Researchers supply their own primers, which are designed to anneal to a specific DNA sequence, and the DNA template to be amplified.
It's also a good idea to anneal the necks and even shoulders of wildcat cartridges after we neck cases up or down or blow the shoulders out.
If the annealing temperature is too high, the primers will not anneal efficiently, resulting in no amplification or poor yield; if it is too low, primer mismatches and non-specific amplification may occur, and yield may be diminished.
It is designed to anneal glass beads to prevent breakage during cooling.
The "EZ Beader" from PARAGON is a new bead kiln designed to anneal glass beads to prevent breakage during cooling.
7), remains more or less constant as long as the anneal temperature does not exceed 375 K.
These values were confirmed by AFM step height measurements, as shown by the example in Figure 2 for the sample after a 1 hour anneal.
Production of these parts requires an anneal between almost every forming operation.
SEMATECH today announced that Poongsan, a leading producer of annealing furnaces, has joined its Front End Processes (FEP) program, and will work with SEMATECH to explore high-pressure anneal (HPA) techniques for silicon and non-silicon channel materials to improve device performance and reliability for next-generation technologies.
Like PCR, however, this pairing is driven by sequence homology, and if the correct matching target sequence is not present, the T7-tagged primer will not successfully anneal.