anneal

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an·neal

 (ə-nēl′)
v. an·nealed, an·neal·ing, an·neals
v.tr.
1. To subject (glass or metal) to a process of heating and slow cooling in order to toughen and reduce brittleness.
2. To strengthen or harden.
v.intr.
To become strengthened or hardened: "the time she needed for opinion to anneal around her policy" (Alexander M. Haig, Jr.).

[Middle English anelen, from Old English onǣlan, to set fire to : on, on; see on + ǣlan, to kindle.]

anneal

(əˈniːl)
vb
1. (Metallurgy) to temper or toughen (something) by heat treatment
2. (General Physics) to subject to or undergo some physical treatment, esp heating, that removes internal stress, crystal defects, and dislocations
3. (tr) to toughen or strengthen (the will, determination, etc)
4. (General Physics) (often foll by out) physics to disappear or cause to disappear by a rearrangement of atoms: defects anneal out at different temperatures.
n
an act of annealing
[Old English onǣlan, from on + ǣlan to burn, from āl fire]
anˈnealer n

an•neal

(əˈnil)

v.t.
1. to heat (glass, earthenware, metals, etc.) to remove or prevent internal stress.
2. to free from internal stress by heating and gradually cooling.
3. to toughen or temper.
4. to recombine (nucleic acid strands) at low temperature after separating by heat.
5. to fuse colors onto (a vitreous or metallic surface) by heating.
[before 1000; Middle English anelen, Old English anǣlan to kindle =an- on + ǣlan to burn, akin to āl fire]
an•neal′er, n.

anneal


Past participle: annealed
Gerund: annealing

Imperative
anneal
anneal
Present
I anneal
you anneal
he/she/it anneals
we anneal
you anneal
they anneal
Preterite
I annealed
you annealed
he/she/it annealed
we annealed
you annealed
they annealed
Present Continuous
I am annealing
you are annealing
he/she/it is annealing
we are annealing
you are annealing
they are annealing
Present Perfect
I have annealed
you have annealed
he/she/it has annealed
we have annealed
you have annealed
they have annealed
Past Continuous
I was annealing
you were annealing
he/she/it was annealing
we were annealing
you were annealing
they were annealing
Past Perfect
I had annealed
you had annealed
he/she/it had annealed
we had annealed
you had annealed
they had annealed
Future
I will anneal
you will anneal
he/she/it will anneal
we will anneal
you will anneal
they will anneal
Future Perfect
I will have annealed
you will have annealed
he/she/it will have annealed
we will have annealed
you will have annealed
they will have annealed
Future Continuous
I will be annealing
you will be annealing
he/she/it will be annealing
we will be annealing
you will be annealing
they will be annealing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been annealing
you have been annealing
he/she/it has been annealing
we have been annealing
you have been annealing
they have been annealing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been annealing
you will have been annealing
he/she/it will have been annealing
we will have been annealing
you will have been annealing
they will have been annealing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been annealing
you had been annealing
he/she/it had been annealing
we had been annealing
you had been annealing
they had been annealing
Conditional
I would anneal
you would anneal
he/she/it would anneal
we would anneal
you would anneal
they would anneal
Past Conditional
I would have annealed
you would have annealed
he/she/it would have annealed
we would have annealed
you would have annealed
they would have annealed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.anneal - bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and coolinganneal - bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling; "temper glass"
harden, indurate - make hard or harder; "The cold hardened the butter"
Translations
žíhat
hehkuttaa

anneal

[əˈniːl] VTtemplar

anneal

vt glasskühlen; metalausglühen; earthenwarebrennen; (fig)stählen

anneal

[əˈniːl] vt (Tech) (glass, metal) → ricuocere
References in periodicals archive ?
If (but only if) the 3' end of primer 1 anneals to the template, an enzyme known as DNA ligase catalyzes the covalent joining of the 3'-OH of primer 1 to the 5' phosphate of primer 2.
Oven number one heats and stretches; oven number two stretches and anneals; oven number three anneals and relaxes.
Primer HS1-F, which anneals to sO43, was 5' GGC TAT TCC ACC GGT GGT G 3'; primer HS1-R, which anneals to traL, was 5' TGC CGA TCA CTA GCC CCA AC 3'; primer HS2-F, which anneals to traA, was 5' ATG GGT CTC TAC AAT ACG CC 3'; and primer HS2-R, which anneals to sO54, was 5' GGA GAC AGC GCA AGC GCC AG 3'.
When the furnace batch completes, he pulls it out and swings the turntable to load the next batch, cutting load/unload time to five minutes between anneals.
Working with SEMATECH, we have demonstrated that high-pressure anneals are both effective and manufacturing-worthy approaches to high-k/Si interface defect passivation.
This anneals to the single-stranded DNA product of the previous step, providing a starting point for another of M-MLV RT's activities: a classical DNA polymerase function.
This unique flexibility allows customers to perform all thermal processing steps - millisecond, spike and soak anneals, plus multiple nitridation and oxidation applications - on the same production-proven Vantage platform.
USJ formation, a critical process in the fabrication of high-performance CMOS devices, currently requires precise spike anneals that limit high-temperature exposure of the wafer to tenths of a second.
The RadiancePlus RTP chambers build on the company's proven Radiance RTP technology to provide enhanced within-wafer uniformity and repeatability for spike anneals while maintaining precise control of dopant activation and electrical performance in ever-smaller transistor structures.