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n. pl. my·co·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, aerobic, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, including the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

my′co·bac·ter′i·al adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mycobacteria - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Mycobacterium - nonmotile Gram-positive aerobic bacteria
References in periodicals archive ?
The prevalence of anonymous mycobacteria in both resistant as well as fresh cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in the local population of south east Rajasthan.