antagonism

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an·tag·o·nism

 (ăn-tăg′ə-nĭz′əm)
n.
1. Hostility that results in active resistance, opposition, or contentiousness. See Synonyms at enmity.
2. The condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor: the inherent antagonism of capitalism and socialism.
3. Biochemistry Interference in the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure.

antagonism

(ænˈtæɡəˌnɪzəm)
n
1. openly expressed and usually mutual opposition
2. the inhibiting or nullifying action of one substance or organism on another
3. (Physiology) physiol the normal opposition between certain muscles
4. (Biology) biology the inhibition or interference of growth of one kind of organism by another

an•tag•o•nism

(ænˈtæg əˌnɪz əm)

n.
1. an active hostility or opposition.
2. an opposing force, principle, or tendency.
3. an opposing physiological action, as by one muscle in relation to another.
4. the opposing action of substances, as drugs, that when taken together decrease the effectiveness of at least one of them (contrasted with synergism).
[1835–40; (< French) < Greek]

antagonism

a contentiousness toward or opposition to others or their ideas; hostility or antipathy. — antagonistic, adj.
See also: Attitudes
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antagonism - a state of deep-seated ill-willantagonism - a state of deep-seated ill-will  
state - the way something is with respect to its main attributes; "the current state of knowledge"; "his state of health"; "in a weak financial state"
latent hostility, tension - feelings of hostility that are not manifest; "he could sense her latent hostility to him"; "the diplomats' first concern was to reduce international tensions"
state of war, war - a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply; "war was declared in November but actual fighting did not begin until the following spring"
cold war - a state of political hostility between countries using means short of armed warfare
suspicion - the state of being suspected; "he tried to shield me from suspicion"
2.antagonism - the relation between opposing principles or forces or factorsantagonism - the relation between opposing principles or forces or factors; "the inherent antagonism of capitalism and socialism"
oppositeness, opposition - the relation between opposed entities
3.antagonism - an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostilityantagonism - an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility
dislike - a feeling of aversion or antipathy; "my dislike of him was instinctive"
ill will, enmity, hostility - the feeling of a hostile person; "he could no longer contain his hostility"
4.antagonism - (biochemistry) interference in or inhibition of the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure
interference, hinderance, hindrance - the act of hindering or obstructing or impeding
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry

antagonism

noun hostility, competition, opposition, conflict, rivalry, contention, friction, discord, antipathy, dissension There is much antagonism between the unions and the companies.
love, accord, agreement, friendship, sympathy, harmony, amity, peacefulness

antagonism

noun
1. Deep-seated hatred, as between longtime opponents or rivals:
Translations
خُصومَة، عِداء
antagonismusnepřátelství
antagonismefjendskab
fjandskapur
antagonizmus
düşmanlıkkin

antagonism

[ænˈtægənɪzəm] N (towards sb) → hostilidad f; (between people) → rivalidad f, antagonismo m

antagonism

[ænˈtægənɪzəm] nantagonisme m
racial antagonism → antagonisme des races
class antagonism → antagonisme des classes
antagonism towards sth → hostilité à qch
antagonism towards sb → hostilité envers qn

antagonism

n (between people, theories etc) → Antagonismus m; (towards sb, ideas, a suggestion, change etc) → Feindseligkeit f, → Feindlichkeit f(to(wards) gegenüber); to arouse somebody’s antagonismjdn gegen sich aufbringen

antagonism

[ænˈtægənɪzm] nantagonismo

antagonist

(ӕnˈtӕgənist) noun
an opponent or enemy.
anˈtagonism noun
unfriendliness, hostility.
anˌtagoˈnistic adjective
anˌtagoˈnistically adverb
anˈtagonize, anˈtagonise verb
to make an enemy of (someone). You are antagonizing her by your rudeness.
References in classic literature ?
The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with clash antagonisms.
I say adversaries, for on recalling such proud memories we should avoid the word "enemies," whose hostile sound perpetuates the antagonisms and strife of nations, so irremediable perhaps, so fateful - and also so vain.
But the lights in her own building soon cheered her; all these different states of mind were submerged in the deep flood of desires, thoughts, perceptions, antagonisms, which washed perpetually at the base of her being, to rise into prominence in turn when the conditions of the upper world were favorable.
We are armed all over with subtle antagonisms, which, as soon as we meet, begin to play, and translate all poetry into stale prose.
There was almost all her youth before her; a youth robbed arbitrarily of its natural lightness and joy, overshadowed by an un-European despotism; a terribly sombre youth given over to the hazards of a furious strife between equally ferocious antagonisms.
Yet incidentally the antagonism between Socrates and the Sophists is allowed to appear.
I think that through the cloudiness of his insanity he saw some antagonism in me, for he at once fell back on the last refuge of such as he, a dogged silence.
Pity and softened memory took place of the old antagonism, and in his busy thoughts about the future, as the chaise carried him rapidly along towards the home where he was now to be master, there was a continually recurring effort to remember anything by which he could show a regard for his grandfather's wishes, without counteracting his own cherished aims for the good of the tenants and the estate.
Feeling herself in antagonism she was quite in accord.
Colbert's daily increasing antagonism, and that he is doing his utmost to drive the king to get rid of the superintendent?
The broad outlines of the earlier stages of the war disappeared under its influence, the spacious antagonism of nations and empires and races vanished in a seething mass of detailed conflict.
Nicholas and his wife lived together so happily that even Sonya and the old countess, who felt jealous and would have liked them to disagree, could find nothing to reproach them with; but even they had their moments of antagonism.