antagonist


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Related to antagonist: protagonist, antagonist drug, Dopamine antagonist

an·tag·o·nist

 (ăn-tăg′ə-nĭst)
n.
1. One who opposes and contends against another; an adversary.
2. The principal character in opposition to the protagonist or hero of a narrative or drama.
3. Physiology A muscle that counteracts the action of another muscle, the agonist.
4. A drug or chemical substance that interferes with the physiological action of another, especially by combining with and blocking its receptor.

an·tag′o·nis′tic adj.
an·tag′o·nis′ti·cal·ly adv.

antagonist

(ænˈtæɡənɪst)
n
1. an opponent or adversary, as in a contest, drama, sporting event, etc
2. (Physiology) any muscle that opposes the action of another. Compare agonist1
3. (Pharmacology) a drug that counteracts the effects of another drug. Compare synergist1

an•tag•o•nist

(ænˈtæg ə nɪst)

n.
1. a person who is opposed to or competes with another; opponent; adversary.
2. (in drama or literature) the opponent of the hero or protagonist.
3. a muscle that acts in opposition to another. Compare agonist (def. 3).
4. a tooth in one jaw that articulates with a tooth in the other jaw.
5. a drug that counteracts the effects of another drug.
[1590–1600; < Late Latin < Greek]

an·tag·o·nist

(ăn-tăg′ə-nĭst)
A muscle that resists or counteracts another muscle, as by relaxing while the opposite one contracts. Compare agonist.

antagonist

an opponent in any kind of contest or conflict. Also called antipathist.
See also: Conflict
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antagonist - someone who offers oppositionantagonist - someone who offers opposition  
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
dueler, duelist, dueller, duellist - a person who fights duels
foe, foeman, enemy, opposition - an armed adversary (especially a member of an opposing military force); "a soldier must be prepared to kill his enemies"
Luddite - any opponent of technological progress
withstander - an opponent who resists with force or resolution; "obstinate withstanders of innovation"
agonist - someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon)
2.antagonist - a muscle that relaxes while another contractsantagonist - a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; "when bending the elbow the triceps are the antagonist"
antagonistic muscle - (physiology) a muscle that opposes the action of another; "the biceps and triceps are antagonistic muscles"
3.antagonist - a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug
drug - a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic
estrogen antagonist, tamoxifen - an antagonist for estrogen that is used in the treatment of breast cancer
narcotic antagonist - an antagonist used to counteract the effects of narcotics (especially to counteract the depression of respiration)
synergist - a drug that augments the activity of another drug

antagonist

noun opponent, rival, opposer, enemy, competitor, contender, foe, adversary He had never previously lost to his antagonist.

antagonist

noun
One that opposes another in a battle, contest, controversy, or debate:
Translations
خَصْم، مُعارِض
odpůrceprotivníksoupeř
modstander
andstæîingur
antagonizmassukelti priešiškumą
pretinieks

antagonist

[ænˈtægənɪst] Nantagonista mf, adversario/a m/f

antagonist

[ænˈtægənɪst] n (= opponent, enemy) → antagoniste mf, adversaire mf

antagonist

nKontrahent(in) m(f), → Gegner(in) m(f), → Antagonist(in) m(f); (esp Pol) → Gegenspieler(in) m(f)

antagonist

[ænˈtægənɪst] nantagonista m/f

antagonist

(ӕnˈtӕgənist) noun
an opponent or enemy.
anˈtagonism noun
unfriendliness, hostility.
anˌtagoˈnistic adjective
anˌtagoˈnistically adverb
anˈtagonize, anˈtagonise verb
to make an enemy of (someone). You are antagonizing her by your rudeness.

an·tag·o·nist

a. antagonista, droga que neutraliza los efectos de otra.

antagonist

n antagonista m; calcium — antagonista del calcio; CCR5 — antagonista del CCR5
References in classic literature ?
I was convinced that man's strongest antagonist is the cold.
For a moment he appeared to be conscious of having the worst of the argument, then, rallying again, he answered the objection of his antagonist in the best manner his limited information would allow:
Not improbably he was the best workman of his time; or, perhaps, the Colonel thought it expedient, or was impelled by some better feeling, thus openly to cast aside all animosity against the race of his fallen antagonist.
The best swordsman in the world doesn't need to fear the second best swordsman in the world; no, the person for him to be afraid of is some ignorant antagonist who has never had a sword in his hand be- fore; he doesn't do the thing he ought to do, and so the expert isn't prepared for him; he does the thing he ought not to do; and often it catches the expert out and ends him on the spot.
I give you noticeYou will find me a formidable antagonist on that point.
Vanstone was too easy-tempered and sanguine -- and too anxious, as well, not to yield his old antagonist an inch more ground than he could help -- to look at the letter from any such unfavorable point of view.
The STYGIAN Councel thus dissolv'd; and forth In order came the grand infernal Peers, Midst came thir mighty Paramount, and seemd Alone th' Antagonist of Heav'n, nor less Then Hells dread Emperour with pomp Supream, And God-like imitated State; him round A Globe of fierie Seraphim inclos'd With bright imblazonrie, and horrent Arms.
Your challenge would soon be answered,'' replied the Palmer, ``were your antagonist near you.
He saw instantly that he had no easy antagonist, and he came in cautiously this time.
I saw that the body of my dead antagonist had been stripped, and I read in the menacing yet respectful attitude of the warrior who had brought me these trophies of the kill the same demeanor as that evinced by the other who had brought me my original equipment, and now for the first time I realized that my blow, on the occasion of my first battle in the audience chamber had resulted in the death of my adversary.
I felt assured now that my tawny-faced antagonist was stalking me once more; and coupled with that was another unpleasant realisation, that I had lost my way.
One may picture, too, the sudden shifting of the attention, the swiftly spreading coils and bellyings of that blackness advancing headlong, towering heavenward, turning the twi- light to a palpable darkness, a strange and horrible antagonist of vapour striding upon its victims, men and horses near it seen dimly, running, shrieking, falling headlong, shouts of dismay, the guns suddenly abandoned, men choking and writhing on the ground, and the swift broadening-out of the opaque cone of smoke.