antagonistic muscle


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antagonistic muscle - (physiology) a muscle that opposes the action of anotherantagonistic muscle - (physiology) a muscle that opposes the action of another; "the biceps and triceps are antagonistic muscles"
muscle, musculus - one of the contractile organs of the body
agonist - a muscle that contracts while another relaxes; "when bending the elbow the biceps are the agonist"
antagonist - a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; "when bending the elbow the triceps are the antagonist"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
References in periodicals archive ?
03 Which is the antagonistic muscle in the right eye for the motility position shown in the image?
Sherrington's (1947) observed that, if one group of muscles is stimulated, an antagonistic muscle group will be inhibited, and vice versa.
Increasing hip extension has been shown to remove inhibitory influences on antagonistic muscle groups.
High levels of strength and muscle strength balance between antagonistic muscle groups may be used to protect the knee during jumping and landing activities [7].
Also, the current study is different from several studies that investigated the effects of pre-activation of antagonistic muscle assessed by isokinetic equipment (that differ from the real conditions found in gyms and training centers) in the conventional resistance training machines was used.
19) CPN conditioning, on the other hand, assesses the effects of activation of pre-synaptic inhibition from the antagonistic muscle (tibialis anterior) on the soleus alpha-motoneurons.
Physical activity is reduced by 60-70%, but work on antagonistic muscle groups and balance continues.
Imbalances in strength, inappropriate synergistic muscle contractions (actions of assistance), or antagonistic muscle contractions (actions of resistance) are just a few of the biomechanical errors that compromise performance or lead to injury.
It is further proposed that intervention strategies for reversing tic habits should include a more holistic behavioral restructuring of muscle use rather than just an exclusive focus on developing antagonistic muscle actions as competing responses.
It is noteworthy that fatigue-induced loss in paraspinal muscle stiffness would not influence antagonistic muscle recruitment or spinal load computed from the equilibrium condition alone.
There is no obvious antagonistic muscle set and it is assumed that when the main longitudinal muscle relaxes, elasticity of the cuticle returns it to its former position.
Graphic-rich software featuring full color photography and videography -- Students receive pre-lab instruction and post-lab reinforcement -- System studies include: Digestive, Respiratory, Urogenital, Endocrine and Skeletal -- Includes learning extensions such as observations of peristalsis, heart function, antagonistic muscle, kidney function and hormone balance -- Interactive Mini Labs that allow the student to change variables and record results in a virtual lab report.