The third chapter, Chris Ferns's "Utopia, Anti-Utopia
, and Science Fiction," may ruffle a few feathers by claiming that the Utopian works often classified as sf in fact constitute another genre that at times intersects sf and at others does not.
Thomas More's initial conception of an ideal society that exists in a space and time that is both ou topos (no place) and eu topos (happy place) is frequently played out in these texts in various poses of either thesis (where utopia proposes some positive ideal) or antithesis (where dystopia, or anti-utopia
, warns of destruction), all in the interest of creating what Edward James (2003: 222), in his deliberations on utopias and anti-utopias
, refers to as "alternate possibilities" for "a better world".
Shifting to the right, a crusty tree trunk-like cup-form attached to the reverse of this cutout counters the qualities seen on the other side, perhaps reflecting more of the anti-utopia
referenced in the title.