These include anticaking
and bulking agents, defoamers, emulsifiers, flavour enhancers and flour treatment agents.
These food additives can be used as firming agents, raising agents, stabilisers, anticaking
agents, colouring matter and more.
it can act as antioxidant, anticaking
, binding, bulking, dispersing, thickening, stabilizing and texturizing agent in various food products like patties, sauces, sausages, snacks, fruit fillings, yogurt, beverages and bakery (Ralet et al.
The presence of phosphates in food products (stabilizers anticaking
agents emulsifiers and pH stabilizers)67 increases phosphorus concentrations in the diet which leads to the acidification of bodily tissues and intensified parathyroid activity.
Imitation Dairy Products (nondairy products): phosphate as buffer for smooth mixing into coffee and as anticaking
agent for dry powders
Imitation Dairy Products (non-dairy products)- phosphate as buffer for smooth mixing into coffee and as anticaking
agent for dry powders
Process modifiers include fluids to encapsulate or coat dry particles for improved flow, hydrophobicity and anticaking
Nanoparticles can be used to purity, water, as anticaking
and gelatin-forming agents and in packaging to protect against UV light, prevent the growth of microbes or detect contamination.
Food additives: Food additives such as preservatives, flavoring ingredients, artificial colors, anticaking
agents, and emulsifiers can be investigated (Rayburn & Friedman, 2010).
Although HSCAS is commercially sold to feed manufactures for its anticaking
properties, when added to animal feeds, it can also adsorb mycotoxins (EFSA, 2009).
ball clay added as an anticaking
agent to soy meal in feed; citrus pulp used in cattle feed; oil contaminated with PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs added to recycled fat that was added to animal feed), which resulted in contamining chicken, beef, and catfish and subsequently contamining humans (Huwe 2002).
For example, aluminosillcate materials are commonly used as anticaking
agents in granular or powdered processed foods, while anatase titanium dioxide is a common food whitener and brightener additive, used in confectionery, some cheeses and sauces [19,20].