He has challenged successfully the reigning stereotype of the displaced and anticlerical
Italian Catholic immigrant.
In investigating the function of various representations of the popess, Boureau takes the reader through a sequence of literary creations, from the 1565 edition of Dietrich Schernberg's Fraw Jutta to the anticlerical
, vaudeville-style plays of revolutionary France, and to Achim von Arnim's Papstin Johanna, a Romantic story in which Joan becomes a figurehead for the German nation.
This is particularly apparent in certain sections of the narrative, like that on the horrifying anticlerical
violence meted out to priests and religious during the Civil War (358-63).
If the relationship between the priest and the civil governor was not based upon trust, the alcalde mayor or subdelegado used anticlerical
royal orders to restrict and erode the religious jurisdiction.
24) As elsewhere in much of medieval anticlerical
criticism, the very ideal contained in the clerical vows damns the many who fail to live up to this ideal.
David Womersley addresses the contemporary reception of Gibbon's work by showing how his revisions for his second and third editions made his anticlerical
criticisms more pointed after he concluded that he had little to fear from his critics.
But there the similarities ended, for Klaus shows how, beginning with the Roussell Law of 1871 which created a national system of intervention in infant care and resulted in a decline in the mortality rates of children placed out to nurse (58), child-saving policy was shaped by political conflicts between conservative Catholic and anticlerical
groups but supported by physicians.
I thought this was true, but the cardinal believed he had detected a divisive and anticlerical
Her treatment of the complicated topic of religion and the French Revolution is a model of clarity, although she relies too much on zealously anticlerical
historians like Jules Michelet, Michel Vovelle, and Mona Ozouf, whose conclusions have been modified in important ways by a number of American and English historians.
In the 1563 edition, the account of Askew's martyrdom was preceded by accounts of the martyrdoms of John Kirby and Roger Clerk in Ipswich in 1546, the recantation of Edward Crome (1546), the execution of Peter Sapience in Paris in 1545, the persecution in Calais (1540-1543), the providential punishments of Lord Lisle and others responsible for the persecution in Calais (1540-1542), the assassination of Cardinal David Beaton in 1546 (another example of divine retribution on a persecutor), and the penance imposed on William Button, a crossbowmaker of Calais, for anticlerical
remarks made in 1539 (1563, 654-69).
Dipple carefully follows the development of Eberlin's anticlerical
and antifraternal thought.
The study found about 22 percent of young adults--those 30 and younger --identify themselves as "nones," a group that includes the irreligious, unreligious, antireligious and anticlerical