antidiuretic hormone

Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.

an·ti·di·u·ret·ic hormone

 (ăn′tē-dī′ə-rĕt′ĭk, ăn′tī-)
n. Abbr. ADH

antidiuretic hormone

(Biochemistry) another name for vasopressinAbbreviation: ADH


(ˌvæs oʊˈprɛs ɪn)

a hormone released by the posterior pituitary gland that constricts small blood vessels and increases the absorption of water by the kidney. Also called antidiuretic hormone, ADH.
[1928; orig. trademark]

antidiuretic hormone

(ADH) A hormone made by the hypothalamus and released from the pituitary gland. By making the kidneys reabsorb water, it limits urine output and helps control the body’s water balance.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antidiuretic hormone - hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamusantidiuretic hormone - hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
pressor, vasoconstrictive, vasoconstrictor - any agent that causes a narrowing of an opening of a blood vessel: cold or stress or nicotine or epinephrine or norepinephrine or angiotensin or vasopressin or certain drugs; maintains or increases blood pressure
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
References in periodicals archive ?
DDAVP is a synthetic form of vasopressin, an antidiuretic hormone normally made in the body.
10) found that antidiuretic hormone release induced hyponatermia may originate in a nonosmotic, cardiovascular mechanism in acutely ill children, including children with pneumonia.
2] Nonstandard abbreviations: SIADH, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone; ADH, antidiuretic hormone.
Other complications include adrenal insufficiency, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH), cerebral salt wasting syndrome (CSW), and neurosurgical complications such as vision loss, cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) leak, subdural hematoma, and epistaxis (Ausiello et al.
Antidiuretic hormone: A decrease in blood pressure acts (via the baroreceptors) on the hypothalamus to increase production of antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
Margins for error are reduced by pre-existing disease, systemic inflammation, increased secretion of antidiuretic hormone, disturbances of the renin-angiotensin system and natriuretic peptides.
OPEL) announced today that the European Commission has approved the Marketing Authorisation Application for the company's oral once-daily medication Samsca(TM)(tolvaptan), a selective V2-vasopressin receptor antagonist, for the treatment of hyponatraemia secondary to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) in adults.
ANP inhibits antidiuretic hormone by increasing urine sodium loss, leading to the formation of a large volume of dilute urine that decreases blood volume and blood pressure.
In central (also called cranial) diabetes insipidus, secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) from the pituitary gland is absent (or insufficient) (Singer & Sevilla, 2003).
The increase of % TBW could be the result of different mechanisms: Protein catabolism with hypoproteinemic edema, increased protein synthesis with increased plasma volume (PV), increase in PV due to sodium retention, based on an increased aldosterone concentration and impairment of the antidiuretic hormone and dehydration and impaired renal function due to skeletal muscle damage.
For example, in a contest, the excitement may cause the secretion of what's called the antidiuretic hormone, which prevents the kidneys from excreting water.

Full browser ?