antitoxin


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an·ti·tox·in

 (ăn′tē-tŏk′sĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antibody formed in response to and capable of neutralizing a specific toxin of biological origin.
2. An animal or human serum containing antitoxins. It is used in medicine to prevent or treat diseases caused by the action of biological toxins, such as tetanus, botulism, and diphtheria.

antitoxin

(ˌæntɪˈtɒksɪn)
n
1. (Biochemistry) an antibody that neutralizes a toxin
2. (Medicine) blood serum that contains a specific antibody
ˌantiˈtoxic adj

an•ti•tox•in

(ˌæn tɪˈtɒk sɪn, ˌæn ti-)

n.
1. a substance formed in the body that counteracts a specific toxin.
2. the antibody formed in immunization with a given toxin, used in treating certain infectious diseases or in immunizing against them.
[1890–95]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antitoxin - an antibody that can neutralize a specific toxin
antibody - any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
antivenene, antivenin - an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
tetanus antitoxin - antitoxin given for short-term immunization against tetanus in cases of possible exposure to the tetanus bacillus
Translations

antitoxin

[ˈæntɪˈtɒksɪn] Nantitoxina f

antitoxin

[ˌæntɪˈtɒksɪn] nantitossina

an·ti·tox·in

n. antitoxina, anticuerpo que actúa como neutralizante de la sustancia tóxica introducida por un microorganismo;
bovine ______ bovina;
diphtheria ______ diftérica;
scarlet fever ______ de la escarlatina;
tetanus ______ tetánica.

antitoxin

n antitoxina
References in periodicals archive ?
Other chapters explore the backgrounds of the palace Pekingese of the Empress Dowager Cixi; Togo and Balto, the dogsled heroes who brought the diphtheria antitoxin serum to Nome, Alaska; Buddy, North America's first guide dog; and military dogs such as Stubby, a rescue dog who ended up serving overseas in World War I.
The Bacillus Food Grade Selection System is based on the interplay of an endogenous Bacillus toxin EndoA (expressed from vector) and its antitoxin EndoB (expressed from genome).
After the appearance of similar symptoms in the other family members, they were treated with polyvalent botulinum antitoxin and diagnosis was confirmed by toxicology and detection of serotype A botulinum toxin in cheese and stool samples.
Twenty (83%) patients received botulinum antitoxin; 11 patients with mild illness did not receive antitoxin.
LiyWong and her collaborators noted that "no statistically significant difference in outcomes was found in patients treated with specific antitoxin medication (clindamycin)," a practice that requires further study.
In the early 1890s, Emil von Behring used serum from a hyperimmune horse (challenged with sublethal dose of Corynebacterium diphtheriae) to develop equine diphtheria antitoxin (DAT), which seemed to confer passive immunity to patients with diphtheria (2).
United States-based Elusys Therapeutics has received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for its ANTHIM (obiltoxaximab) Injection, a monoclonal antibody anthrax antitoxin, it was reported yesterday.
When a highly contagious disease threatens to kill all the females on the planet, Jonathan finds himself in the unenviable position of being the one person who has the opportunity and ability to secure the antitoxin from an evil queen in a parallel world.
The disease needs immediate treatment in hospital with antitoxin injections, antibiotics and sedatives to relieve muscle spasm.
Antitoxins exist, in the UK being Novartis Behring Botulinum antitoxin and Scottish National Blood transfusion Service/MoD Botulinum antitoxin and early administration is effective in reducing mortality rates.
perferingens antitoxin type A, B, C, D and E which was occurred in Animal Health Institute.
The company's product development programmes include the recombinant protective antigen (rPA) anthrax vaccine SparVax, the fully human monoclonal antibody antitoxin for treatment of anthrax Valortim and the recombinant BChE bioscavenger for prevention and treatment of nerve agent poisoning.