antitoxin


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Related to antitoxin: tetanus antitoxin, diphtheria antitoxin, Botulinum antitoxin

an·ti·tox·in

 (ăn′tē-tŏk′sĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antibody formed in response to and capable of neutralizing a specific toxin of biological origin.
2. An animal or human serum containing antitoxins. It is used in medicine to prevent or treat diseases caused by the action of biological toxins, such as tetanus, botulism, and diphtheria.

antitoxin

(ˌæntɪˈtɒksɪn)
n
1. (Biochemistry) an antibody that neutralizes a toxin
2. (Medicine) blood serum that contains a specific antibody
ˌantiˈtoxic adj

an•ti•tox•in

(ˌæn tɪˈtɒk sɪn, ˌæn ti-)

n.
1. a substance formed in the body that counteracts a specific toxin.
2. the antibody formed in immunization with a given toxin, used in treating certain infectious diseases or in immunizing against them.
[1890–95]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antitoxin - an antibody that can neutralize a specific toxin
antibody - any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
antivenene, antivenin - an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
tetanus antitoxin - antitoxin given for short-term immunization against tetanus in cases of possible exposure to the tetanus bacillus
Translations

antitoxin

[ˈæntɪˈtɒksɪn] Nantitoxina f

antitoxin

[ˌæntɪˈtɒksɪn] nantitossina

an·ti·tox·in

n. antitoxina, anticuerpo que actúa como neutralizante de la sustancia tóxica introducida por un microorganismo;
bovine ______ bovina;
diphtheria ______ diftérica;
scarlet fever ______ de la escarlatina;
tetanus ______ tetánica.

antitoxin

n antitoxina
References in periodicals archive ?
Botulism can be treated with an antitoxin which blocks the action of toxin circulating in the blood.
The disease needs immediate treatment in hospital with antitoxin injections, antibiotics and sedatives to relieve muscle spasm.
perferingens antitoxin type A, B, C, D and E which was occurred in Animal Health Institute.
In the United States, diphtheria antitoxin is available only through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and should be given as soon as possible after diagnosis of diphtheria or suspected diphtheria (2,18).
Until recently, the only treatment for infant botulism was meticulous supportive care but, since 2005, a human-derived antitoxin for treatment of babies (BabyBIG) has been available from the USA, which, if given sufficiently early, has been shown to improve recovery and reduce the length of hospital stay.
The whole process is less than convenient or cost-effective for normal antitoxin therapies.
In addition to its general antitoxin properties (Levy 2002), vitamin C has been demonstrated to be highly effective in neutralizing the toxic nature of mercury in all of its chemical forms.
In World War I, measures to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, including mobile laboratories, tetanus antitoxin and vaccination against typhoid, limited the effect of disease.
They said both had been treated with an antitoxin said to be "very effective" in the early stages of the infection.
Scientists determined the structures of a toxin and its antitoxin in Streptococcus pyogenes, common bacteria that cause infections ranging from strep throat to life-threatening conditions like rheumatic fever.