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1. One, some, every, or all without specification: Take any book you want. Are there any messages for me? Any child would love that. Give me any food you don't want.
2. Exceeding normal limits, as in size or duration: The patient cannot endure chemotherapy for any length of time.
pron. (used with a sing. or pl. verb)
Any one or more persons, things, or quantities.
To any degree or extent; at all: didn't feel any better.

[Middle English ani, from Old English ǣnig; see oi-no- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: The construction of any has been criticized by usage commentators for being illogical, but it has stood the test of time in respected usage. In our 2009 survey, 75 percent of the Usage Panel accepted it in He is the best known of any living playwright. · When used with the meaning "at all" to modify a verb, the adverb any has an informal ring to it and should probably be avoided in formal writing. In 2009, 70 percent of the Usage Panel rejected the sentences It didn't hurt any and If the baby cries any, give her the bottle.


a. one, some, or several, as specified, no matter how much or many, what kind or quality, etc: any cheese in the cupboard is yours; you may take any clothes you like.
b. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): take any you like.
2. (usually used with a negative)
a. even the smallest amount or even one: I can't stand any noise.
b. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): don't give her any.
3. whatever or whichever; no matter what or which: any dictionary will do; any time of day.
4. an indefinite or unlimited amount or number (esp in the phrases any amount or number): any number of friends.
(usually used with a negative)
a. (foll by a comparative adjective) to even the smallest extent: it isn't any worse now.
b. not standard at all: he doesn't care any.
[Old English ǣnig; related to Old Frisian ēnig, Old High German einag, Old Norse einigr anyone, Latin ūnicus unique; see an1, one]


(ˈɛn i)

1. one, a, an, or some; one or more without specification or identification: If you have any witnesses, produce them. Pick out any six you like.
2. whatever or whichever it may be: at any price.
3. in whatever quantity or number, great or small; some: Do you have any butter?
4. every; all: Any schoolchild would know that. Read any books you find on the subject.
5. (following a negative) at all: She can't endure any criticism.
6. an unspecified person or persons; anybody; anyone: He did better than any before him.
7. a single one or ones; an unspecified thing or things; a quantity or number: We don't have any left.
8. in whatever degree; to some extent; at all: Do you feel any better?
any which way, in any manner whatever; indifferently or carelessly.
[before 950; Middle English eni, ani, Old English ǣnig (Old English ān one + -ig -y1)]
usage: See anybody, anyone, anyplace, anyway, either.


1. 'any'

You use any in front of a singular countable noun to talk about each thing or person of a particular type.

Look it up in any large dictionary.
These are things that any man might do under pressure.

You use any in front of a plural countable noun to talk about all things or people of a particular type.

The patients know their rights like any other consumers.

You use any in front of an uncountable noun to talk about an amount of something.

Throw any leftovers in the bin.

When you use any in front of a singular countable noun or an uncountable noun, you use a singular form of a verb with it.

Any book that attracts children as much as this has to be taken seriously.
While any poverty remains, it must have the first priority.

When you use any in front of a plural countable noun, you use a plural form of a verb with it.

Before any decisions are made, ministers are carrying out a full enquiry.
2. 'any of'

You use any of in front of a plural noun phrase beginning with the, these, those, or a possessive to talk about each thing or person belonging to a particular group.

It was more expensive than any of the other magazines.
You can find more information at any of our branches.

You can use either a plural or singular form of a verb with any of and a plural noun phrase. The singular form is more formal.

Find out if any of his colleagues were at the party.
There is no sign that any of these limits has been reached.

You use any of in front of a singular noun phrase beginning with the, this, that, or a possessive to talk about each part of something.

I'm not going to give you any of the money.
I feel guilty taking up any of your time.

You can also use any of in front of the pronouns this, that, these, those, it, us, you, or them.

Has any of this been helpful?
I don't believe any of it.

Be Careful!
Don't use any without of in front of these pronouns. Don't say, for example, Has any this been helpful?'

You can use either a plural or singular form of a verb with any of and the pronouns these, those, us, you, and them.

It didn't seem that any of us were ready.
I don't think any of us wants that.
3. used in questions and negatives

Any is used, especially after have, in questions and negative sentences.

Do you have any suggestions?
We don't have any sugar.
For more information, see some
4. used as a pronoun

Any can also be a pronoun.

Discuss it with your female colleagues, if you have any.
The meeting was different from any that had gone before.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.any - one or some or every or all without specificationany - one or some or every or all without specification; "give me any peaches you don't want"; "not any milk is left"; "any child would know that"; "pick any card"; "any day now"; "cars can be rented at almost any airport"; "at twilight or any other time"; "beyond any doubt"; "need any help we can get"; "give me whatever peaches you don't want"; "no milk whatsoever is left"
some - quantifier; used with either mass nouns or plural count nouns to indicate an unspecified number or quantity; "have some milk"; "some roses were still blooming"; "having some friends over"; "some apples"; "some paper"
Adv.1.any - to any degree or extentany - to any degree or extent; "it isn't any better"


1. a scrap of, a bit of, a grain of, a fragment of, a small piece of, a speck of, the slightest bit of, a crumb of, an atom of, an iota of, a jot of, NE (S.M.S.) We're doing all this without any support.
2. whichever, every, NE (S.M.S.) Any actor will tell you that it's easier to act than to be themselves.
determiner a single one, any one, a single member, NE (S.M.S.) There was nothing any of us could do.
adverb at all, somewhat, in the least, to an extent, NE (S.M.S.) Things aren't getting any easier for graduates.
أبداًأيأي واحِد، كُل واحِدأَيّأَيُّ مِنْ
jakýkolinějakýo nictrochuvůbec
nogenenhverenhver/en hvilken som helsthvad/hvilken/nogen som helst
mikä tahansayhtään
bilo kojiikojiišta
allir, hver, hvaîahver sem erneinnnokkuî
아무어느 것어떤
bent jaubent kiekbet kaipbet kasbet kuriuo atveju
ikviensjebkurškādskaut cik
o ničo trochu
någonvilken som helst
bất kỳbất kỳ người/vật nào


1. (in questions)
When any modifies an uncountable noun in questions it is usually not translated:
have you got any money?¿tienes dinero?
is there any sugar?¿hay azúcar?
When any modifies a plural noun in questions it is often not translated. However, if a low number is expected in response, algún/alguna + singular noun is used:
are there any tickets left?¿quedan entradas?
did they find any survivors?¿hubo supervivientes?
do you speak any foreign languages?¿hablas algún idioma extranjero?
do you have any questions?¿alguna pregunta?
2. (with negative, implied negative)
When any modifies an uncountable noun it is usually not translated:
I haven't any moneyno tengo dinero
I have hardly any money leftcasi no me queda dinero
When the translation is countable, ningún/ninguna + singular noun can be used:
you haven't any excuseno tienes ninguna excusa
she accepted without any hesitationaceptó sin ninguna duda
we got him home without any problemlo llevamos a casa sin ningún problema
When any modifies a plural noun, it is either left untranslated or, for greater emphasis, translated using ningún/ninguna + singular noun:
he hasn't got any friendsno tiene amigos
I can't see any cowsno veo ninguna vaca
I won't do any such thing!¡no voy a hacer una cosa semejante!
3. (in conditional constructions)
Any + plural noun is often translated using algún/alguna + a singular noun:
if there are any problems let me knowsi hay algún problema, me lo dices
if there are any tickets leftsi queda alguna entrada
BUT if he had any decency he would apologize → si tuviera un poco de decencia, se disculparía
if it is in any way inconvenient to yousi por cualquier razón le resultara inconveniente ...
4. (= no matter which) → cualquier
any teacher will tell youte lo dirá cualquier profesor
bring me any (old) booktráeme un libro cualquiera
buy any two tins of soup and get one freepor cada dos latas de sopa cualesquiera que compre le regalamos otra
wear any hat (you like)ponte el sombrero que quieras
he's not just any violinistno es un violinista cualquiera
take any one you liketome cualquiera, tome el que quiera
it could have happened to any one of usle podría haber pasado a cualquiera de nosotros
it's much like any other seaside resortes muy parecido a cualquier otro sitio costero
come at any timeven cuando quieras
we can cater for up to 300 guests at any one timepodemos proveer hasta a 300 invitados en cada ocasión
any person who or that breaks the rules will be punishedse castigará a toda persona que no acate las reglas
see also day A1
see also minute 1
see also moment 1
see also case A3
see also rate A2
5. (in set expressions)
any amount of they'll spend any amount of money to get itse gastarán lo que haga falta para conseguirlo
any number of there must be any number of people in my positiondebe haber gran cantidad de personas en mi situación
I've told you any number of timeste lo he dicho montones de veces
1. (in questions)
When any refers to an uncountable noun in questions it is usually not translated:
I fancy some soup, have we got any?me apetece sopa, ¿tenemos?
is there any milk left?¿queda (algo de) leche?
When any refers to a plural noun in questions it is often translated using alguno/alguna in the singular:
I need a stamp, have you got any?necesito un sello, ¿tienes alguno?
do any of you know the answer?¿sabe alguno (de vosotros) la respuesta?
have any of them arrived?¿ha llegado alguno (de ellos)?
2. (with negative, implied negative)
When any refers to an uncountable noun it is usually not translated:
"can I have some bread?" - "we haven't any"-¿hay pan? -no nos queda nada or no tenemos
When any refers to a plural noun, it is either left untranslated or, for greater emphasis, translated using ningún/ninguna in the singular:
"did you buy the oranges?" - "no, there weren't any"¿compraste (las) naranjas? -no, no había or no tenían
she has two brothers but I haven't got anytiene dos hermanos pero yo no tengo ninguno
I don't like any of themno me gusta ninguno
I don't believe any of them has done itno creo que lo haya hecho ninguno de ellos
BUT he hasn't done any of his homework → no ha hecho nada de deberes
3. (in conditional constructions) if any of you knows how to drivesi alguno de vosotros sabe conducir
few, if any, survivedpocos, si alguno, sobrevivió
4. (= no matter which) → cualquiera
any of those books will docualquiera de esos libros servirá
it's better than any of his other filmses mejor que cualquiera de sus otras películas
1. (in questions) would you like any more soup?¿quieres más sopa?
is he any better?¿está (algo) mejor?
2. (with negative)
don't wait any longerno esperes más (tiempo)
I don't love him any moreya no le quiero
I couldn't do that any more than I could flyyo puedo hacer eso tanto como volar
the room didn't look any too cleanla habitación no parecía muy limpia
3. (esp US) (= at all) it doesn't help us anyeso no nos ayuda para nada
does she sing any?¿sabe cantar de una forma u otra?


(in questions, singular)du, de l', de la; (plural)des
Do you have any butter? → Avez-vous du beurre?
Do you have any ink? → Avez-vous de l'encre?
Would you like any bread? → Voulez-vous du pain?
Would you like any beer? → voulez-vous de la bière?
Have you got any mineral water? → avez-vous de l'eau minérale?
Have you got any children? → avez-vous des enfants?
(with negative)de, d'
I haven't got any books → Je n'ai pas de livres.
I haven't got any money → Je n'ai pas d'argent.
without any difficulty → sans la moindre difficulté
(= no matter which) → n'importe quel(le), quelconque
Choose any book you like → Vous pouvez choisir n'importe quel livre.
These aren't just any trainers, these are Nikes → Ce ne sont pas des baskets quelconques; ce sont des Nike., Ce ne sont pas n'importe quelles baskets; ce sont des Nike.
(= each and every) → tout(e), chaque
(in phrases) in any case → de toute façon
any day now → d'un jour à l'autre
at any moment → à tout moment, d'un instant à l'autre
at any rate → en tout cas
(in questions)en
Have you got any? → Est-ce que vous en avez?
Can any of you sing? → Est-ce que parmi vous il y en a qui savent chanter?
(with negative)en
I haven't any → Je n'en ai pas., Je n'en ai aucun.
I haven't any of them → Je n'en ai pas., Je n'en ai aucun.
Sorry, I haven't got any → Désolé, je n'en ai pas.
(= no matter which one) → n'importe lequel(laquelle)
You can take any of these books → Vous pouvez prendre n'importe lequel de ces livres.
(= anybody) → n'importe qui
(in questions)
Would you like any more coffee? → Est-ce que tu veux encore du café?
Do you want any more soup? → Voulez-vous encore de la soupe?
Do you want any more sandwiches? → Voulez-vous encore des sandwichs?
Are you feeling any better? → Est-ce que vous vous sentez mieux?
(with negative)ne ... plus
I can't hear him any more → Je ne l'entends plus.
I don't love him any more → Je ne l'aime plus.
Don't wait any longer → N'attendez pas plus longtemps.


(in interrog, conditional, neg sentences) not translated (emph: = any at all) (with sing n) → irgendein(e); (with pl n) → irgendwelche; (with uncountable n) → etwas; not anykein/keine; not ANY … at allüberhaupt kein/keine …; if I had any plan/ideas/moneywenn ich einen Plan/Ideen/Geld hätte; if I had ANY plan/ideas/money (at all)wenn ich irgendeinen Plan/irgendwelche Ideen/(auch nur) etwas Geld hätte; if you think it’ll do any good/ANY good (at all)wenn du glaubst, dass es etwas/irgendetwas nützt; if it’s any help (at all)wenn das (irgendwie) hilft; it won’t do any goodes wird nichts nützen; it wasn’t any good or use (at all)es nützte (überhaupt or gar) nichts; you mustn’t do that on any accountdas darfst du auf gar keinen Fall tun; without any difficulty (at all)ohne jede Schwierigkeit
(= no matter which)jede(r, s) (beliebige …); (with pl or uncountable n) → alle; any one will does ist jede(r, s) recht; any excuse will dojede Entschuldigung ist recht; you can have any book/books you can finddu kannst jedes Buch/alle Bücher haben, das/die du finden kannst; take any two dressesnehmen Sie zwei beliebige Kleider; any one you likewas du willst; any one of us would have done the samejeder von uns hätte dasselbe getan; you can’t just come at any timedu kannst nicht einfach zu jeder beliebigen Zeit kommen; you can come at any timedu kannst jederzeit kommen; thank you — any timedanke! — bitte!; any time soonirgendwann bald; any fool could do thatdas kann jedes Kind; any old … (inf)jede(r, s) x-beliebige (inf) ? old
(in interrog, conditional, neg sentences) (replacing sing n) → ein(e), welche(r, s); (replacing pl n) → einige, welche; (replacing uncountable n) → etwas, welche; I want to meet psychologists/a psychologist, do you know any?ich würde gerne Psychologen/einen Psychologen kennenlernen, kennen Sie welche/einen?; I need some butter/stamps, do you have any?ich brauche Butter/Briefmarken, haben Sie welche?; have you seen any of my ties?haben Sie eine von meinen Krawatten gesehen?; don’t you have any (at all)?haben Sie (denn) (gar or überhaupt) keinen/keine/keines?; he wasn’t having any (of it/that) (inf)er wollte nichts davon hören; the profits, if anydie eventuellen Gewinne; few, if any, will comewenn überhaupt, werden nur wenige kommen; I’d like some tea/tomatoes if you have anyich hätte gerne Tee, wenn Sie welchen haben/Tomaten, wenn Sie welche haben; if any of you can singwenn (irgend)jemand or (irgend)einer/-eine von euch singen kann
(= no matter which)alle; any who do come …alle, die kommen; any that I have …alle, die ich habe …
colder, bigger etcnoch; not any colder/bigger etcnicht kälter/größer etc; it won’t get any colderes wird nicht mehr kälter; we can’t go any furtherwir können nicht mehr weiter gehen; should he grow any bigger he’ll …wenn er noch mehr wächst, wird er …; are you feeling any better?geht es dir etwas besser?; he wasn’t any too pleased (Brit) → er war nicht allzu begeistert; do you want any more soup?willst du noch etwas Suppe?; don’t you want any more tea?willst du keinen Tee mehr?; any more offers?noch weitere Angebote?; I don’t want any more (at all)ich möchte (überhaupt or gar) nichts mehr
(esp US inf: = at all) → überhaupt; you can’t improve it anydu kannst es überhaupt nicht mehr verbessern; it didn’t help them anyes hat ihnen gar or überhaupt nichts genützt


(ˈeni) pronoun, adjective
1. one, some, no matter which. `Which dress shall I wear?' `Wear any (dress)'; `Which dresses shall I pack?' `Pack any (dresses)'.
2. (in questions and negative sentences etc) one, some. John has been to some interesting places but I've never been to any; Have you been to any interesting places?; We have hardly any coffee left.
every. Any schoolboy could tell you the answer.
at all; (even) by a small amount. Is this book any better than the last one?; His writing hasn't improved any.
ˈanybody, ˈanyone pronoun
1. (in questions, and negative sentences etc) some person. Is anybody there?
2. any person, no matter which. Get someone to help – anyone will do.
3. everyone. Anyone could tell you the answer to that.
ˈanyhow adverb
1. anyway. Anyhow, even if the problem does arise, it won't affect us.
2. in a careless, untidy way. Books piled anyhow on shelves.
ˈanything pronoun
1. (in questions, and negative sentences etc) some thing. Can you see anything?; I can't see anything.
2. a thing of any kind. You can buy anything you like; `What would you like for your birthday?' `Anything will do.'
ˈanyway adverb
nevertheless; in spite of what has been or might be said, done etc. My mother says I mustn't go but I'm going anyway; Anyway, she can't stop you.
ˈanywhere adverb
in any place at all. Have you seen my gloves anywhere?; I can't find them anywhere; `Where will I put these?' `Anywhere will do.'
at any rate
at least. It's a pity it has started to rain, but at any rate we can still enjoy ourselves at the cinema; The Queen is coming to see us – at any rate, that's what John says.
in any case
nevertheless. I don't believe the story but I'll check it in any case.


أَيّ, أَيُّ مِنْ jakýkoli, jakýkoliv, nějaký enhver, nogen/noget irgendein, jedes κανένας, όποιο, οποιοσδήποτε algún, alguno, cualquiera, ninguno mikä tahansa, yhtään n'importe lequel, tout, un peu de bilo koji, ikoji, išta nessuno, qualche, qualsiasi どの・・・でも, どれでも 아무, 어느 것, 어떤 enige, welk hvilken (som helst), noe, noen jakikolwiek, jakiś algum, nenhum, qualquer, qualquer um какой-нибудь, любой, никакой någon, vilken som helst ใดก็ตาม, จำนวนหนึ่ง, บ้าง her, herhangi, herhangi bir bất kỳ, bất kỳ người/vật nào 任何, 任何一个


a. algún, alguna, cualquier, cualquiera;
are you taking any medicine ?¿toma, tomas alguna medicina?; ¿toma, tomas algún medicamento?;
___ furthermás lejos;
___ moreno más;
don't go ___ furtherno vaya, no vayas más lejos;
don't take ___ of those pillsno tome, no tomes ninguna de esas pastillas;
you don't need ___ more pillsno necesita, no necesitas más pastillas; [after negation] ningún, ninguno-a.