aphasia


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Related to aphasia: sensory aphasia, anomic aphasia, nominal aphasia

a·pha·sia

 (ə-fā′zhə)
n.
Partial or total loss of the ability to articulate ideas or comprehend spoken or written language, resulting from damage to the brain from injury or disease.

[Greek, from aphatos, speechless : a-, not; see a-1 + phatos, spoken, speakable (from phanai, to speak; see -phasia).]

a·pha′si·ac′ (-zē-ăk′) n.
a·pha′sic (-zĭk, -sĭk) adj. & n.

aphasia

(əˈfeɪzɪə)
n
(Pathology) a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by partial or total loss of the ability to communicate, esp in speech or writing. Compare alexia
[C19: via New Latin from Greek, from a-1 + -phasia, from phanai to speak]
aˈphasiˌac, aˈphasic adj, n

a•pha•sia

(əˈfeɪ ʒə)

n.
the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain.
[1865–70; < Greek: speechlessness =a- a-6 + phat(ós) spoken, v. adj. of phánai to speak + -ia -ia]
a•pha′sic, adj., n.

aphasia

Pathology. an impairment or loss of the faculty of understanding or using spoken or written language. — aphasiac, n. — aphasic, n., adj.
See also: Speech
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aphasia - inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesionaphasia - inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
brain disease, brain disorder, encephalopathy - any disorder or disease of the brain
acoustic aphasia, auditory aphasia, word deafness - an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss
associative aphasia, conduction aphasia - aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain; patient's have difficulty repeating a sentence just heard
global aphasia, total aphasia - loss of all ability to communicate
ataxic aphasia, Broca's aphasia, expressive aphasia, motor aphasia, nonfluent aphasia - aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
amnesic aphasia, amnestic aphasia, anomia, anomic aphasia, nominal aphasia - inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
transcortical aphasia - a general term for aphasia that results from lesions outside of Broca's area or Wernicke's area of the cerebral cortex
alexia, visual aphasia, word blindness - inability to perceive written words
fluent aphasia, impressive aphasia, receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia - aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
Translations
afasi
afasia
málstol
afasi

aphasia

[æˈfeɪzɪə] Nafasia f

aphasia

[əˈfeɪziə] (MEDICINE) naphasie f

aphasia

nAphasie f

a·pha·si·a

n. afasia, incapacidad de coordinar el pensamiento y la palabra;
amnestic ______ amnéstica;
ataxic ______ atáxica.

aphasia

n afasia, dificultad f para entender o para expresarse debida a una lesión del cerebro; expressive — afasia expresiva; receptive — afasia receptiva
References in periodicals archive ?
Tobii Dynavox has helped tens of thousands of individuals with disabilities such as aphasia, autism, cerebral palsy, ALS, muscular dystrophy, Rett syndrome and spinal cord injury lead fuller and richer lives.
When one considers linguistic disorders resulting from cerebellar lesions, there is a spectrum ranging from dysarthria and speech apraxia due to diminished motor coordination to impaired verbal fluency, problems in grammatic production, and, rarely, an aphasia syndrome triggered by a cerebellar pathology; the latter is much more complex and is closely associated with cognition (3).
Aphasia, the number one communication disorder, strikes one third of stroke patients and causes them difficulty in speaking, writing and understanding others.
PHILADELPHIA, July 2, 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- Griswold Home Care and The National Aphasia Association joined forces on Thursday, June 26th to provide an interactive, inspiring overview of best practices and innovative aphasia treatment approaches.
Aphasia is a language disorder usually initiated by a stroke causing one to begin having difficulty remembering words, losing the ability to speak, read and write.
The Aphasia Aware project, the first of its kind in the UK, is funded by Durham County Council and aims to enable businesses across Durham to be more accessible.
Janet, of Chapel Park in Newcastle, is chair of the charity and has been living with aphasia since she was 61.
Several studies of aphasia resulting from stroke have endorsed that clinical outcomes might also be enhanced by various pharmacotherapies [13-17].
They retain the core values of earlier editions with the emphasis on the person with aphasia as an individual, bringing clinical intuition into play, as well as face-to-face contact, and keeping in the forefront that although the brain may be damaged, it is plastic and can function again with the help of neuroscience, technology, speech therapy, and compassion.
The charity has now released a short video for GP surgeries and health centre staff to help them to better understand the challenges faced by patients with aphasia Ana Palazon, director of the Stroke Association in Wales, said: "Many stroke survivors tell us about the extra effort by some staff to support them and the difference this makes.
Researchers found that the people, who had primary progressive aphasia, performed significantly worse on the test, scoring an average of 79 percent in recognition of famous faces and 46 percent in naming the faces, compared to 97 percent in recognition and 93 percent on naming for those free of dementia.
Alun said: "Meeting lots of people and sharing experiences with people who understand aphasia has made a huge difference.