apocarpous


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

ap·o·car·pous

 (ăp′ə-kär′pəs)
adj.
Having carpels that are free from one another. Used of a single flower with two or more separate pistils, as in roses.

ap′o·car′py (ăp′ə-kär′pē) n.

apocarpous

(ˌæpəˈkɑːpəs)
adj
(Botany) (of the ovaries of flowering plants such as the buttercup) consisting of separate carpels. Compare syncarpous
[C19 from NL, from Gk apo- + karpos fruit]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.apocarpous - (of ovaries of flowering plants) consisting of carpels that are free from one another as in buttercups or rosesapocarpous - (of ovaries of flowering plants) consisting of carpels that are free from one another as in buttercups or roses
plant life, flora, plant - (botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
syncarpous - (of ovaries of flowering plants) consisting of united carpels
References in periodicals archive ?
possess tricarpellary apocarpous pistil consisting of three independent carpels, while rudimentary androecium is represented by two whorls of three staminodes each alternately arranged in antepetalous and antesepalous position (DeMason et al.
Most Annonaceae are apocarpous and have sessile stigmas which usually become detached at the end of the pistillate phase.
There are three competing hypotheses about their closest relatives: (1) Members of the order Magnoliales (Cronquist, 1981; Dahlgren, 1983; Leins & Erbar, 1995; Takhtajan, 1996), based mainly on the presence of P-type sieve-element plastids (Behnke, 1988, 1991), ethereal oil cells, aporphine alkaloids, and several carpels that are apocarpous and pluriovulate.
Flowers are apocarpous, bearing one or a few independent carpels (2.
A second case of "unorthodox" evolutionary direction is the evolution of apocarpous gynoecia from syncarpous ancestors.
The "Pleiocarpinae," char acterized by apocarpous ovaries and conspicuous gaps in the corolla tube just above insertion of the stamens, is removed from the "Carisseae" and is treated as a separate tribe--the Hunterieae--as was proposed earlier (Fallen, 1986, as Pleiocarpeae).
One to 13 free carpels are aggregated, but with their ventral sutures facing outward, rather than inward as in most apocarpous flowers.