apoptosis


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ap·op·to·sis

 (ăp′əp-tō′sĭs, ăp′ə-tō′-)
n.
A natural process of self-destruction by degradative enzymes in certain cells, such as epithelial cells and erythrocytes, that are genetically programmed to have a limited lifespan or are damaged, as by irradiation or toxic drugs. Also called programmed cell death.

apoptosis

(ˌæpəpˈtəʊsɪs)
n
(Biology) biology the programmed death of some of an organism's cells as part of its natural growth and development. Also called: programmed cell death
[C20: from Greek: a falling away, from apo- + ptōsis a falling]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.apoptosis - a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself; a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number and eliminate cells that threaten the animal's survival
cell death, necrobiosis - (physiology) the normal degeneration and death of living cells (as in various epithelial cells)
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists Present on Apoptosis and Applications in CNS Disease,
In apoptosis, genetically programmed suicide shapes an organism or rids it of diseased cells.
Apoptosis is an essential and well-controlled form of cell death occurring under a variety of physiological conditions.
The patent application covers an apoptosis model system that uses extracts of normal cells.
com), Advances in Apoptosis Research, finds that the apoptosis procedure is influenced by various pro- and antiapoptotic proteins, which, in turn, are controlled at multiple molecular levels.
In a study published in the September 2002 issue of Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, cell growth and apoptosis pathways were compared in normal, premalignant, and invasive carcinoma cells in prostate tumor samples.
SAN DIEGO -- Internationally renowned experts presented research on apoptosis and its applications in cardiovascular disease and cancer yesterday at the "Apoptosis: Commercial Opportunities" conference, being held in San Diego through May 1 and hosted by Idun Pharmaceuticals.
This path to apoptosis can be promoted by reactive oxygen-bearing molecules, such as hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals, which antioxidants ordinarily keep in check.
Two grantees investigated the process of apoptosis in keeping the immune system in check.
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, are among the speakers that will present on apoptosis and its applications in therapeutic areas such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, infectious disease, inflammation and others.