Carotenoid composition of mycelium and apothecia
in the discomycete Scutellinia umbrarum.
Cetrarioid lichens, one of the most studied groups of lichens in the Parmeliaceae (lichen-forming Ascomycetes) family, are designated by their morphology with "foliose/subfruticose thalli with marginal apothecia
and pycnidia", and chemically they contain lichenan, which is a linear [beta]-(1 [right arrow] 3, 1 [right arrow] 4) homoglycan (Nelsen et al.
Mae'r cen yn edrych fel llwch llwydwyrdd hefo dotiau arno ac apothecia
ydi'r enw ar ran ffrwythlon y cen Un peth sydd ar ol: yr enw 'na - Biatoridium monasteriense.
Development of sclerotia and apothecia
of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from infected soybean seed and its control by fungicide seed treatment.
sipmanii is more robust than the Colombian specimen, which looks juvenile, with strongly branched, slender podetia without conidiomata or apothecia
Carpogenic germination forms a fruiting body called apothecia
, which houses the ascospores of the fungus and is considered crucial for the expression of the disease and the epidemic process (Kohn, 1979).
They "over winter," lying peacefully in the mud, often obscured by leaves, and come spring, sprout tiny mushroom-like structures with small cups on the end, called apothecia
Toninia sedifolia can be identified by the presence of whitish to bluish-grey (green-olive when hydrated) convex to swollen squamules, by the blackish apothecia
without pruina (although sometimes with dense bluish-grey pruina), and by the flat to slightly convex disks.
The articles include name, type, references, thallus, apothecia
, apothecial anatomy, ascospores, pycnida, chemistry, substrate and ecology, distribution, notes, and specimens examined.
The genus is characterized by lecanorine apothecia
, blood red to orange-red discs and thallus-coloured margins, epihymenium with red pigments, paraphyses somewhat branched and anastomosing, Lecanora-type asci, ascospores hyaline, oblong, fusiform to broadly acicular and transversely septate (3-25 septa) to submuriform (Brodo et al.
Fruiting body elongated, rounded or disk-like, sessile with upper cortex; an apothecium VI--CRUSTOSE LICHENS WITH APOTHECIA
I--FRUTICOSE LICHENS 1.
Field production of fertile apothecia
by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa in Festuca turf.