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also ar·ba·list  (är′bə-lĭst)
A medieval missile launcher designed on the principle of the crossbow.

[Middle English arblast, from Old English, from Old French arbaleste, from Late Latin arcuballista : Latin arcus, bow + Latin ballista, ballista; see ballista.]

ar′ba·lest′er (-lĕs′tər) n.


(ˈɑːbəlɪst) ,




(Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) a large medieval crossbow, usually cocked by mechanical means
[C11: from Old French arbaleste, from Late Latin arcuballista, from Latin arcus bow + ballista]


or ar•ba•list

(ˈɑr bə lɪst)

a powerful medieval crossbow with a steel bow, used to shoot stones, metal balls, arrows, etc.
[before 1100; Middle English, late Old English arblast < Old French arbaleste < Old Provençal < Late Latin arcuballista (see arc, ballista)]
ar′ba•lest`er (-ˌlɪs tər) n.

arbalist, arbalest

a crossbowman. Also arcubalist.
See also: Arrows
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arbalest - an engine that provided medieval artillery used during siegesarbalest - an engine that provided medieval artillery used during sieges; a heavy war engine for hurling large stones and other missiles
engine - an instrument or machine that is used in warfare, such as a battering ram, catapult, artillery piece, etc.; "medieval engines of war"
References in classic literature ?
Call Hugh of the Mill, and Woodman Wat, and Raoul with his arbalest and bolts.
The Arbalest 60-3502H started production at 955 Bopd with 80 Bpd of NGLs and 760 Mcfd of natural gas.
Later versions (circa 1,000 AD), called arbalests, used steel prods (bows) and required mechanical devices--a cranequin or windlass--to cock.