arbitrary


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Related to arbitrary: arbitrarily, Arbitrary constant

ar·bi·trar·y

 (är′bĭ-trĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Determined by chance, whim, or impulse, and not by necessity, reason, or principle: stopped at the first motel we passed, an arbitrary choice.
2. Based on or subject to individual judgment or preference: The diet imposes overall calorie limits, but daily menus are arbitrary.
3. Law Relating to a decision made by a court or legislature that lacks a grounding in law or fact: an arbitrary penalty.
4. Not limited by law; despotic: the arbitrary rule of a dictator.

[Middle English arbitrarie, from Latin arbitrārius, from arbiter, arbitr-, arbiter; see arbiter.]

ar′bi·trar′i·ly (-trâr′ə-lē) adv.
ar′bi·trar′i·ness n.

arbitrary

(ˈɑːbɪtrərɪ)
adj
1. founded on or subject to personal whims, prejudices, etc; capricious
2. having only relative application or relevance; not absolute
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (of a government, ruler, etc) despotic or dictatorial
4. (Mathematics) maths not representing any specific value: an arbitrary constant.
5. (Law) law (esp of a penalty or punishment) not laid down by statute; within the court's discretion
[C15: from Latin arbitrārius arranged through arbitration, uncertain]
ˈarbitrarily adv
ˈarbitrariness n

ar•bi•trar•y

(ˈɑr bɪˌtrɛr i)
adj.
1. subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one's discretion: an arbitrary decision.
2. decided by a judge or arbiter rather than by a law or statute.
3. having unlimited power; uncontrolled or unrestricted by law; despotic: an arbitrary government.
4. capricious; unreasonable; unsupported: an arbitrary demand for payment.
5. Math. undetermined; not assigned a specific value: an arbitrary constant.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Latin arbitrārius uncertain (i.e., depending on an arbiter's decision). See arbiter, -ary]
ar′bi•trar`i•ly, adv.
ar′bi•trar`i•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.arbitrary - based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice; "an arbitrary decision"; "the arbitrary rule of a dictator"; "an arbitrary penalty"; "of arbitrary size and shape"; "an arbitrary choice"; "arbitrary division of the group into halves"
nonarbitrary, unarbitrary - not subject to individual determination

arbitrary

arbitrary

adjective
1. Determined or marked by whim or caprice rather than reason:
2. Based on individual judgment or discretion:
3. Having and exercising complete political power and control:
Translations
إعْتِباطي،تَعَسُّفي، تَحَكُّمي
произволен
libovolnýnáladovýsvévolný
arbitrærvilkårlig
geîòóttalegur, geîòótta-
savavališkaisavavališkas
patvaļīgs
arbitrar
arbiträrgodtycklig
keyfî

arbitrary

[ˈɑːbɪtrərɪ] ADJarbitrario

arbitrary

[ˈɑːrbɪtri] adj [decision, choice] → arbitraire

arbitrary

adjwillkürlich, arbiträr (geh)

arbitrary

[ˈɑːbɪtrərɪ] adjarbitrario/a

arbitrary

(ˈaːbitrəri) adjective
not decided by rules or laws but by a person's own opinion. He made a rather arbitrary decision to close the local cinema without consulting other people.
ˈarbitrarily adverb
References in classic literature ?
Laws of motion of any kind become comprehensible to man only when he examines arbitrarily selected elements of that motion; but at the same time, a large proportion of human error comes from the arbitrary division of continuous motion into discontinuous elements.
The movement of humanity, arising as it does from innumerable arbitrary human wills, is continuous.
This classification is evidently not arbitrary like the grouping of the stars in constellations.
And Nature takes no account of moral consequences, of arbitrary conditions which we create, and which we feel obliged to maintain at any cost.
It seemed intolerable that I should endure existence subject to the arbitrary visitations of a Magician who could thus play tricks with one's very stomach.
He certainly was to blame occasionally for the asperity of his manners, and the arbitrary nature of his measures, yet much that is exceptionable in this part of his conduct may be traced to rigid notions of duty acquired in that tyrannical school, a ship of war, and to the construction given by his companions to the orders of Mr.
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
Though, in these cases, the direction taken by any one whale be straight as a surveyor's parallel, and though the line of advance be strictly confined to its own unavoidable, straight wake, yet the arbitrary vein in which at these times he is said to swim, generally embraces some few miles in width (more or less, as the vein is presumed to expand or contract); but never exceeds the visual sweep from the whale-ship's mast-heads, when circumspectly gliding along this magic zone.
But after all I could not desist from telling her that night, for, as afterwards at her lodging we sat over the fire, talking as if we had known each other all our lives, there seemed no reason for an arbitrary delay.
Arbitrary law had not yet established itself in the mind of the judge, for then there was no cause to judge and no one to be judged.
The West Wind reigns over the seas surrounding the coasts of these kingdoms; and from the gateways of the channels, from promontories as if from watch-towers, from estuaries of rivers as if from postern gates, from passage-ways, inlets, straits, firths, the garrison of the Isle and the crews of the ships going and returning look to the westward to judge by the varied splendours of his sunset mantle the mood of that arbitrary ruler.
Think not that there is anything arbitrary in the numbers of parts of which that whole, that mysterious microcosm which you call a drama or a romance, is composed.