arbovirus


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Related to arbovirus: Arbovirus Encephalitis

ar·bo·vi·rus

 (är′bə-vī′rəs)
n.
Any of a large group of RNA viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, and include the causative agents of encephalitis, yellow fever, and dengue.

[ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus.]

ar′bo·vi′ral adj.
ar′bo·vi·rol′o·gy (är′bō-vĭ-rŏl′ə-jē) n.

arbovirus

(ˈɑːbəʊˌvaɪrəs)
n
(Microbiology) any one of a group of viruses that cause such diseases as encephalitis and dengue and are transmitted to humans by arthropods, esp insects and ticks
[C20: from ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus]

ar•bo•vi•rus

(ˈɑr bəˌvaɪ rəs)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several togaviruses that are transmitted by bloodsucking arthropods, as ticks, fleas, or mosquitoes, and may cause encephalitis, yellow fever, or dengue fever.
[1955–60; ar(thropod)-bo(rne) virus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arbovirus - a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis
virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
Bunyaviridae - a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods)
Togaviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Flaviviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Arenaviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Rhabdoviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Reoviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
References in periodicals archive ?
As the Head of the Collaborating Center of the World Health Organization (WHO) for Arbovirus and viral hemorrhagic fevers in Dakar, Alpha Sall has worked extensively in the fight against viral diseases such as Ebola and dengue fever.
Thus, as a part of the German Arbovirus Surveillance Program (10), we continued the monitoring of the mosquitoes, birds, and bats for the presence of USUV.
Arbovirus infections in Sarawak, October 1968-February 1970: GETAH virus isolations from mosquitoes.
More information, including all West Nile and EEE positive results, can be found on the Arbovirus Surveillance Information web page at www.
Clinicians with questions may contact state health departments or the CDC Arbovirus Diseases Branch, at 970-221-6400.
Wild birds are rarely found with active arbovirus infections, and relatively little is known about the patterns of viremia they exhibit under field conditions or how infection varies with date, bird age, or other factors that potentially affect transmission dynamics.
Native to the jungles of Asia, Tiger mosquitos are capable of transmitting arbovirus infections, such as dengue fever, yellow fever, etc.
An arbovirus expert in CDC has stated: "Chandipura virus, an infrequently recognized rhabdovirus, was attributed to large outbreaks of viral encephalitis; however, compelling evidence suggests that the relationship of illness and the virus are questionable" (17).
Buggy Creek virus (Togaviridae, Alphavirus) is an unusual arbovirus vectored primarily by the swallow bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae: Oeciacus vicarius), an ectoparasite of the colonially nesting Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota).
The division has three branches: the Arbovirus Diseases Branch, the Bacterial Zoonoses Branch, and the Dengue Branch.
The sample -- along with those taken from Northridge and Chatsworth -- tested positive May 17 by the state Department of Health Services and the arbovirus diagnostic laboratory at the University of California, Davis, the vector control district said.