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 (är′kŏn′, -kən)
1. A high official; a ruler.
2. One of the nine principal magistrates of ancient Athens.
3. An authoritative figure; a leader: archons of cultural modernism.

[Latin archōn, from Greek arkhōn, from present participle of arkhein, to rule.]

ar′chon·ship′ n.
References in periodicals archive ?
He went to many different homes with her to party, even the home of Chabrias of Aexone, when, in the archonship of Socratidas, he came first at the Pythian games with the four-horse chariot which he had bought from the sons of Mitys, the Argive, and returning from Delphi he held a victory celebration at Colias, and many there had sex with her, drunk from the wine, while Phrynion was asleep--even Chabrias's slaves who had served up the meal.
The kings of Athens are lost in an historical fog, but kingship sputtered out into an hereditary archonship and then into some sort of elective archonship in the eighth century.
This representation can be seen on a set of Panathenaic amphorae (LIMC 'Eirene' 6, 7) from the archonship of Callimedes (360-359 AC), (30) aside from the most famous statue group erected in Antiquity in honour of the goddess, the Eirene of Cephisodotus (c.
For the Commissioners, for whom Antikles was Secretary, in the (year of the) fourteenth Boule, in which Metagenes was first Secretary, in Krates' archonship (a form of government) over the Athenians (434/3), the receipts for this year (are) as follows: Balance from the previous year 1,470 dr.
In the fifteenth, in the forty-eighth year of the priestess-ship of Chrysis at Argos, in the ephorate of Aenesias at Sparta, in the last month but two of the archonship of Pythodorus at Athens, and six months after the battle of Potidaea, just at the beginning of spring (Thuc.
142; the inscription commemorates the archonship of Polyainos of Sounion (14/13 B.
The opening of the archonship to lot in 487 BC, however, was not a "democratic" reform because the strategoi, who were elected on the basis of merit and could serve consecutive terms, replaced the archons as the chief military and political power.
all four classes of citizens were eligible for archonship.
Thus, by providing precise and leading clues, Plato makes it possible to conclude that Socrates entered the house of Kritias to discuss the city at war with Timaeus of Locri and Hermokrates of Syracuse and one other individual about 28 Hekatombaion of the Archonship of Aristion (mid-August 421).
Neither male nor female bastard is to have right of proximity from the archonship of Eukleides.
In the first of his two references to the Social War Diodoros refers to the outbreak of a `three-year war' in the archonship of Cephisodotos (358/357).
Meritt ("Archons" 80-82, 85-87, and chart on 95) places Polyeuktos' archonship in the preceding year, 247/6.