arduous


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Related to arduous: arduously

ar·du·ous

 (är′jo͞o-əs)
adj.
1. Demanding great effort or labor; difficult: "the arduous work of preparing a Dictionary of the English Language" (Thomas Macaulay).
2. Testing severely the powers of endurance; strenuous: a long, arduous, and exhausting war.
3. Hard to traverse, climb, or surmount.

[From Latin arduus, high, steep.]

ar′du·ous·ly adv.
ar′du·ous·ness n.

arduous

(ˈɑːdjʊəs)
adj
1. requiring great physical or mental effort; difficult to accomplish; strenuous
2. hard to endure; harsh: arduous conditions.
3. hard to overcome or surmount; steep or difficult: an arduous track.
[C16: from Latin arduus steep, difficult]
ˈarduously adv
ˈarduousness n

ar•du•ous

(ˈɑr dʒu əs; esp. Brit. ˈɑr dyu-)

adj.
1. requiring great exertion; laborious: arduous tasks.
2. using much energy; strenuous: an arduous effort.
3. hard to climb; steep: an arduous path.
4. full of hardships; severe: an arduous winter.
[1530–40; < Latin arduus erect, steep, laborious; see -ous]
ar′du•ous•ly, adv.
ar′du•ous•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.arduous - characterized by effort to the point of exhaustionarduous - characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort; "worked their arduous way up the mining valley"; "a grueling campaign"; "hard labor"; "heavy work"; "heavy going"; "spent many laborious hours on the project"; "set a punishing pace"
effortful - requiring great physical effort
2.arduous - taxing to the utmostarduous - taxing to the utmost; testing powers of endurance; "his final, straining burst of speed"; "a strenuous task"; "your willingness after these six arduous days to remain here"- F.D.Roosevelt
effortful - requiring great physical effort
3.arduous - difficult to accomplisharduous - difficult to accomplish; demanding considerable mental effort and skill; "the arduous work of preparing a dictionary"
difficult, hard - not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure; "a difficult task"; "nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access"; "difficult times"; "why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?"

arduous

arduous

adjective
1. Not easy to do, achieve, or master:
2. Requiring great or extreme bodily, mental, or spiritual strength:
Translations
شاق، مُرهِق
obtížnýpracnýsvízelný
besværligvanskelig
ankarajyrkkärasittavatyöläsuuvuttava
mukotrpanmukotrpnamukotrpno
erfiîur
didelės pastangosiš visų jėgųsunkiaisunkusvarginantis
grūtsspraigs

arduous

[ˈɑːdjʊəs] ADJ [work, task] → arduo; [climb, journey] → arduo, penoso; [conditions] → riguroso, duro

arduous

[ˈɑːrdʒuəs] adj [task, journey, process] → ardu(e), difficile

arduous

adjbeschwerlich, mühsam; course, workanstrengend; taskmühselig

arduous

[ˈɑːdjʊəs] adjarduo/a

arduous

(ˈaːdjuəs) , ((American) -dʒu-) adjective
difficult; needing hard work. an arduous task.
ˈarduously adverb
ˈarduousness noun
References in classic literature ?
She puts into her pocket more than a third of the profits, in defiance of my most arduous exertions to prevent her.
The task was an arduous one and required the better part of a month, though he built but one small room.
From the cursory view here taken, it must clearly appear to have been an arduous part.
He selected fifty of the sturdiest warriors of his tribe, choosing only men who seemed anxious to accompany him on the arduous march, and share the dangers of a new and hostile country.
The reader, if he considers that this fellow was already obnoxious to Mr Western, and if he considers farther the weighty business by which that gentleman's displeasure had been incurred, will perhaps condemn this as a foolish and desperate undertaking; but if he should totally condemn young Jones on that account, he will greatly applaud him for strengthening himself with all imaginable interest on so arduous an occasion.
The hours were long, the work was arduous, despite the fact that we became past masters in the art of eliminating waste motion.
She was unanimously elected assistant editor of the Wareham School Pilot, being the first girl to assume that enviable, though somewhat arduous and thankless position, and when her maiden number went to the Cobbs, uncle Jerry and aunt Sarah could hardly eat or sleep for pride.
After this the history goes on to say that the day fixed for the battle arrived, and that the duke, after having repeatedly instructed his lacquey Tosilos how to deal with Don Quixote so as to vanquish him without killing or wounding him, gave orders to have the heads removed from the lances, telling Don Quixote that Christian charity, on which he plumed himself, could not suffer the battle to be fought with so much risk and danger to life; and that he must be content with the offer of a battlefield on his territory (though that was against the decree of the holy Council, which prohibits all challenges of the sort) and not push such an arduous venture to its extreme limits.
In the execution of this task, there is no man who would not find it an arduous effort either to behold with moderation, or to treat with seriousness, the devices, not less weak than wicked, which have been contrived to pervert the public opinion in relation to the subject.
This convention composed of men who possessed the confidence of the people, and many of whom had become highly distinguished by their patriotism, virtue and wisdom, in times which tried the minds and hearts of men, undertook the arduous task.
As he walked home, the thoughts of this excursion out of the safe places of life into the wild and arduous, stirred and struggled in his imagination with the image of Miss Mackenzie - incongruous and yet kindred thoughts, for did not each imply unusual tightening of the pegs of resolution?
It is less personal and a more exact calling; less arduous, but also less gratifying in the lack of close communion between the artist and the medium of his art.