arduous


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Related to arduous: arduously

ar·du·ous

 (är′jo͞o-əs)
adj.
1. Demanding great effort or labor; difficult: "the arduous work of preparing a Dictionary of the English Language" (Thomas Macaulay).
2. Testing severely the powers of endurance; strenuous: a long, arduous, and exhausting war.
3. Hard to traverse, climb, or surmount.

[From Latin arduus, high, steep.]

ar′du·ous·ly adv.
ar′du·ous·ness n.

arduous

(ˈɑːdjʊəs)
adj
1. requiring great physical or mental effort; difficult to accomplish; strenuous
2. hard to endure; harsh: arduous conditions.
3. hard to overcome or surmount; steep or difficult: an arduous track.
[C16: from Latin arduus steep, difficult]
ˈarduously adv
ˈarduousness n

ar•du•ous

(ˈɑr dʒu əs; esp. Brit. ˈɑr dyu-)

adj.
1. requiring great exertion; laborious: arduous tasks.
2. using much energy; strenuous: an arduous effort.
3. hard to climb; steep: an arduous path.
4. full of hardships; severe: an arduous winter.
[1530–40; < Latin arduus erect, steep, laborious; see -ous]
ar′du•ous•ly, adv.
ar′du•ous•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.arduous - characterized by effort to the point of exhaustionarduous - characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort; "worked their arduous way up the mining valley"; "a grueling campaign"; "hard labor"; "heavy work"; "heavy going"; "spent many laborious hours on the project"; "set a punishing pace"
effortful - requiring great physical effort
2.arduous - taxing to the utmostarduous - taxing to the utmost; testing powers of endurance; "his final, straining burst of speed"; "a strenuous task"; "your willingness after these six arduous days to remain here"- F.D.Roosevelt
effortful - requiring great physical effort
3.arduous - difficult to accomplisharduous - difficult to accomplish; demanding considerable mental effort and skill; "the arduous work of preparing a dictionary"
difficult, hard - not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure; "a difficult task"; "nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access"; "difficult times"; "why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?"

arduous

arduous

adjective
1. Not easy to do, achieve, or master:
2. Requiring great or extreme bodily, mental, or spiritual strength:
Translations
شاق، مُرهِق
obtížnýpracnýsvízelný
besværligvanskelig
ankarajyrkkärasittavatyöläsuuvuttava
mukotrpanmukotrpnamukotrpno
erfiîur
didelės pastangosiš visų jėgųsunkiaisunkusvarginantis
grūtsspraigs

arduous

[ˈɑːdjʊəs] ADJ [work, task] → arduo; [climb, journey] → arduo, penoso; [conditions] → riguroso, duro

arduous

[ˈɑːrdʒuəs] adj [task, journey, process] → ardu(e), difficile

arduous

adjbeschwerlich, mühsam; course, workanstrengend; taskmühselig

arduous

[ˈɑːdjʊəs] adjarduo/a

arduous

(ˈaːdjuəs) , ((American) -dʒu-) adjective
difficult; needing hard work. an arduous task.
ˈarduously adverb
ˈarduousness noun
References in classic literature ?
He was alone, if the solitary sentinel who paced the mound be excepted; for the artillerists had hastened also to profit by the temporary suspension of their arduous duties.
They were allowed, on my representation, to rest from their arduous labours, and soon afterwards -- as if their sole principle of life had been zeal for their country's service -- as I verily believe it was -- withdrew to a better world.
The class to which she belonged had to read a difficult chapter of Scripture in rotation, and the various members spent an arduous Sabbath afternoon counting out verses according to their seats in the pew, and practicing the ones that would inevitably fall to them.
She puts into her pocket more than a third of the profits, in defiance of my most arduous exertions to prevent her.
I trust that the labour and hazard of an investigation - of which the smallest results have been slowly pieced together, in the pressure of arduous avocations, under grinding penurious apprehensions, at rise of morn, at dewy eve, in the shadows of night, under the watchful eye of one whom it were superfluous to call Demon - combined with the struggle of parental Poverty to turn it, when completed, to the right account, may be as the sprinkling of a few drops of sweet water on my funeral pyre.
For example, had he been bigger and older, or had he not been a gentleman, my task had been considerably more arduous, not to say dangerous.
Rebecca,'' said Ivanhoe, ``thou hast painted a hero; surely they rest but to refresh their force, or to provide the means of crossing the moat Under such a leader as thou hast spoken this knight to be, there are no craven fears, no cold-blooded delays, no yielding up a gallant emprize; since the difficulties which render it arduous render it also glorious.
Unless we reorganize our society socialistically--humanly a most arduous and magnificent enterprise, economically a most simple and sound one--Free Trade by itself will ruin England, and I will tell you exactly how.
It was reserved for the first settlers of new England to perform achievements equally arduous, to trample down obstructions equally formidable, to dispel dangers equally terrific, under the single inspiration of conscience.
Well, then, all this that I put before thee is but an incentive and stimulant to my spirit, making my heart burst in my bosom through eagerness to engage in this adventure, arduous as it promises to be; therefore tighten Rocinante's girths a little, and God be with thee; wait for me here three days and no more, and if in that time I come not back, thou canst return to our village, and thence, to do me a favour and a service, thou wilt go to El Toboso, where thou shalt say to my incomparable lady Dulcinea that her captive knight hath died in attempting things that might make him worthy of being called hers.
In the execution of this task, there is no man who would not find it an arduous effort either to behold with moderation, or to treat with seriousness, the devices, not less weak than wicked, which have been contrived to pervert the public opinion in relation to the subject.
This convention composed of men who possessed the confidence of the people, and many of whom had become highly distinguished by their patriotism, virtue and wisdom, in times which tried the minds and hearts of men, undertook the arduous task.