arrowroot


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ar·row·root

 (ăr′ō-ro͞ot′, -ro͝ot′)
n.
1.
a. A starch obtained from the rhizomes of a tropical American perennial herb (Maranta arundinacea). It is used especially in cooking as a thickener.
b. The rhizome of this plant, cooked and eaten as a vegetable or used for starch extraction.
c. The plant itself.
2.
a. The edible starch obtained from the rhizomes or tubers of various other plants, including coontie.
b. Any of these plants.

[By folk etymology from Arawak aru-aru, meal of meals (from its being used to draw poison from arrow wounds).]
Word History: The arrowroot is just one of many plants that the European settlers and explorers discovered in the New World. The Arawak, a people who formerly lived on the Caribbean islands and continue to inhabit certain regions of Guiana, named this plant aru-aru, meaning "meal of meals," so called because they thought very highly of the starchy, nutritious meal made from the arrowroot. The plant also had medicinal value because its tubers could be used to draw poison from wounds inflicted by poison arrows. The medicinal application of the roots provided the impetus for English speakers to remake aru-aru into arrowroot, first recorded in English in 1696. Folk etymology—the process by which an unfamiliar element in a word is changed to resemble a more familiar word, often one that is semantically associated with the word being refashioned—has triumphed once again, giving us arrowroot instead of the direct borrowing of aru-aru.

arrowroot

(ˈærəʊˌruːt)
n
1. (Plants) a white-flowered West Indian plant, Maranta arundinacea, whose rhizomes yield an easily digestible starch: family Marantaceae
2. (Elements & Compounds) the starch obtained from this plant
3. (Plants) any of several other plants whose rhizomes or roots yield starch

ar•row•root

(ˈær oʊˌrut, -ˌrʊt)

n.
1. a tropical American plant, Maranta arundinacea, cultivated for its fleshy tubers, which yield an edible starch.
2. the fine-textured, readily digestible starch of this plant, used in cooking as a thickener and for bland diets.
3. any of several similar starches obtained from other tuberous plants.
[1690–1700]

arrowroot

A fine-grained starch prepared from the rhizomes of a tropical plant. Excellent for thickening sauces.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arrowroot - a nutritive starch obtained from the root of the arrowroot plantarrowroot - a nutritive starch obtained from the root of the arrowroot plant
amylum, starch - a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles
2.arrowroot - white-flowered West Indian plant whose root yields arrowroot starcharrowroot - white-flowered West Indian plant whose root yields arrowroot starch
maranta - any of numerous herbs of the genus Maranta having tuberous starchy roots and large sheathing leaves
3.arrowroot - canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtainedarrowroot - canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtained
canna - any plant of the genus Canna having large sheathing leaves and clusters of large showy flowers
Translations
arrowrootmaranta arundinacea

arrowroot

[ˈærəʊruːt] Narrurruz m

arrowroot

[ˈærəʊruːt] narrow-root m
References in classic literature ?
Emma, on reaching home, called the housekeeper directly, to an examination of her stores; and some arrowroot of very superior quality was speedily despatched to Miss Bates with a most friendly note.
Adrienne found that by using the wine which still remained, as well as some sugar and arrowroot, her grandmother could be made comfortable for just ten sous a day.
2 tbsp Arrowroot (optional) Essential Oils (optional)
can artichokes, roughly chopped 1 tablespoon garlic, minced 4 cups spinach, packed 3/4 cup mayo 1 can full fat coconut milk, the top fat part only Juice of 1 lemon 1/4 teaspoon sea salt 1/4 teaspoon pepper 1 tablespoon arrowroot powder
Savory Spice handcrafted this steak rub blend by mixing demerara sugar, onion, salt, garlic, rosemary, crushed red pepper, fennel, nutmeg, thyme, lemon, pepper, citric acid, fenugreek, turmeric, mace, coriander, cumin, ginger, cayenne, arrowroot, cinnamon, anise, cloves and cardamom.
READY IN 1 HOUR, PLUS COOLING (Serves 10) INGREDIENTS Low calorie cooking spray 4 eggs, separated 50g golden caster sugar 5 tbsp sweetener 2 tbsp finely grated orange zest and the juice of 2 oranges, plus orange segments to decorate 150g self-raising flour 1 level tsp baking powder for the syrup Pared zest of 1 orange and 120ml of freshly squeezed orange juice 1 level tsp arrowroot 1 tbsp sweetener 1 level tsp caster sugar METHOD 1.
Safaii, Founder and Managing Partner at Arrowroot Capital, has joined the company's board of directors, effective immediately.
WALLPAPER: Extra Fine Arrowroot in Coral Red, Phillip Jeffries.
In another bowl, dissolve cornstarch or arrowroot in 2 tablespoons stock or water; stir well.
Ingredients 1 tbsp shea butter 1 tbsp coconut oil 1 tbsp cocoa butter 1 tbsp plus 1 tsp bicarbonate of soda 1 tbsp arrowroot powder 1/2 tsp kaolin clay 1/2 teaspoon vitamin E oil Method 1.
FOR THE DUCK LEGS: 4 Duck legs 800g duck fat 150g Maldon salt A few sprigs fresh thyme 2 cloves garlic, finely sliced 2 tbsps dark brown sugar FOR THE ORANGE SAUCE: The juice and zest of 4 oranges 4 rashers smoked streaky bacon, shredded 1 small onion, roughly chopped 1 small carrot, diced 1 stick celery, diced A little fresh thyme 150ml strong duck stock (or chicken) 150ml Madeira 1 large spoonful marmalade 1 tsp arrowroot A splash of Grand Marnier, Curacao or Cointreau The juice of a small lemon FOR THE POMMES ANNA: 675g Desiree potatoes 55g reserved duck fat Maldon salt and freshly-ground pepper A little fresh rosemary, very finely chopped EXTRAS: Fresh watercress METHOD: First, the duck; rub the duck legs all over with the salt and sugar, and mix with the garlic, thyme and pepper.
Flat cola has been found to help - as can arrowroot or ginger.