artery


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to artery: carotid artery, coronary artery, pulmonary artery

ar·ter·y

 (är′tə-rē)
n. pl. ar·ter·ies
1. Anatomy Any of the muscular elastic tubes that form a branching system and that carry blood away from the heart to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body.
2. A major route of transportation into which local routes flow: Traffic was heavy on the central artery.

[Middle English arterie, from Latin artēria, from Greek artēriā, windpipe, artery; see wer- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: The changed meaning of the word artery provides a glimpse into the history of medical science. The word is derived from the ancient Greek artēriā, a word originally applied to any of the vessels that emanated from the chest cavity, including arteries, veins, and the bronchial tubes. The difference in the functions of these vessels was not yet known; because they were all empty in cadavers, early anatomists supposed they all carried air. As medical knowledge advanced, however, students of anatomy realized that arteries carry blood and only the windpipe and bronchial tubes carry air. To specify the windpipe, they coined the phrase artēriā trakheia, "rough artery," referring to its rough cartilaginous structure. The adjective trakheia, "rough," entered modern English as trachea, the current medical term for the windpipe.

artery

(ˈɑːtərɪ)
n, pl -teries
1. (Anatomy) any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body. Compare pulmonary artery, vein
2. a major road or means of communication in any complex system
[C14: from Latin artēria, related to Greek aortē the great artery, aorta]

ar•ter•y

(ˈɑr tə ri)

n., pl. -ter•ies.
1. a blood vessel that conveys blood from the heart to any part of the body.
2. a main channel or highway, esp. of a connected system with many branches.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin artēria < Greek artēría windpipe, artery]

ar·ter·y

(är′tə-rē)
Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. Arteries have muscular walls that expand and contract to help pump blood with high levels of oxygen to the tissues of the body.

arterial (är-tîr′ē-əl) adjective

artery


click for a larger image
1. A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
2. A blood vessel transporting blood from the heart to elsewhere in the body.
3. A vessel carrying blood from the heart to the rest of the body.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.artery - a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the bodyartery - a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
alveolar artery, arteria alveolaris - a branch of the maxillary artery that supplies the alveolar process
angular artery, arteria angularis - the terminal branch of the facial artery
aorta - the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
appendicular artery, arteria appendicularis - the branch of the ileocolic artery that supplies the vermiform appendix
arcuate artery, arteria arcuata - curved artery in the foot
arcuate artery of the kidney - curved arteries of the kidney
arteriola, arteriole, capillary artery - one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries
arteria bulbi penis, artery of the penis bulb - a branch of the internal pudendal artery of males that supplies the bulb of the penis
arteria bulbi vestibuli, artery of the vestibule bulb - a branch of the internal pudendal artery in females that supplies the bulb of the vestibule
arteria ascendens, ascending artery - the branch of the ileocolic artery that supplies the ascending colon
arteria auricularis, auricular artery - artery that supplies blood to the ear
arteria axillaris, axillary artery - the part of the main artery of the arm that lies in the armpit and is continuous with the subclavian artery above and the brachial artery below
arteria basilaris, basilar artery - an unpaired artery; supplies the pons and cerebellum and the back part of the cerebrum and the inner ear
arteria brachialis, brachial artery - the main artery of the upper arm; a continuation of the axillary artery; bifurcates into the radial and ulnar arteries at the elbow
arteria radialis, radial artery - branch of the brachial artery beginning below the elbow and extending down the forearm around the wrist and into the palm
bronchial artery - arteries that accompany the bronchioles
arteria buccalis, buccal artery - a branch of the maxillary artery that supplies blood to the buccinator muscle and the cheek
arteria carotis, carotid artery - either of two major arteries of the neck and head; branches from the aorta
arteria celiaca, celiac artery, celiac trunk, truncus celiacus - an artery that originates from the abdominal aorta just below the diaphragm and branches into the left gastric artery and the common hepatic artery and the splenic artery
arteria centralis retinae, central artery of the retina - a branch of the ophthalmic artery; enters the eyeball with the optic nerve
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
arteria cerebri, cerebral artery - any of the arteries supplying blood to the cerebral cortex
areteria cervicalis, cervical artery - an artery that supplies the muscles of the neck
arteria choroidea, choroidal artery - an artery that supplies the choroid plexus
arteria ciliaris, ciliary artery - one of several arteries supplying the choroid coat of the eye
circle of Willis - a ring of arteries at the base of the brain
circumflex artery - any of several paired curving arteries
arteria colica, colic artery - arteries that supply blood to the colon
arteria communicans, communicating artery - any of three arteries in the brain that make up the circle of Willis
arteria coronaria, coronary artery - the artery that branches from the aorta to supply blood to the heart
arteria cystica, cystic artery - a branch of the hepatic artery; supplies the gall bladder and the surface of the liver
arteria digitalis, digital arteries - arteries in the hand and foot that supply the fingers and toes
arteria epigastrica, epigastric artery - one of three arteries supplying the anterior walls of the abdomen
arteria ethmoidalis, ethmoidal artery - a branch of the ophthalmic artery supplying structures in and around the nasal capsule
arteria femoralis, femoral artery - the chief artery of the thigh; a continuation of the external iliac artery
arteria poplitea, popliteal artery - a continuation of the femoral artery that branches to supply the legs and feet
arteria gastrica, gastric artery - the arteries that supply the walls of the stomach
2.artery - a major thoroughfare that bears important trafficartery - a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic
thoroughfare - a public road from one place to another

artery

noun
1. vein, blood vessel patients suffering from blocked arteries
2. route, way, course, round, road, passage, avenue one of the north-bound arteries of the central business district
Related words
adjective arterial
Translations
شِرْيانطَريق رَئيسِيَّة
tepnadopravní tepnahlavní trať
arteriehovedtrafikårehovedvejpulsåre
valtimo
arterija
ütõér
slagæîumferîaræî
動脈
동맥
arterijaarterinissvarbiausias
artērijamaģistrāle
dopravná tepnatepna
arterija
pulsåder
เส้นเลือดแดงที่นำเลือดแดงออกจากหัวใจ
ana yolarteratar damaratardamar
động mạch

artery

[ˈɑːtərɪ] N
1. (Anat) → arteria f
2. (= road) → arteria f

artery

[ˈɑːrtəri] n
(ANATOMY)artère f
(in road, rail or river network)artère fart exhibition nexposition f d'artart form nmoyen m d'expression artistique

artery

n
(Anat) → Arterie f, → Schlag- or Pulsader f
(also traffic artery)Verkehrsader f

artery

[ˈɑːtərɪ] n (Anat) (fig) → arteria

artery

(ˈaːtəri) plural ˈarteries noun
1. a blood-vessel that carries the blood from the heart through the body.
2. a main route of travel and transport.
arterial (aːˈtiəriəl) adjective
arterial disease; arterial roads.

artery

شِرْيان tepna arterie Arterie αρτηρία arteria valtimo artère arterija arteria 動脈 동맥 slagader pulsåre tętnica artéria артерия pulsåder เส้นเลือดแดงที่นำเลือดแดงออกจากหัวใจ atardamar động mạch 动脉

ar·te·ry

n. arteria, uno de los vasos mayores que llevan la sangre del corazón a otras partes del cuerpo;
innominate ______ innominada.

artery

n (pl -ries) arteria; brachial — arteria braquial or humeral; (common) carotid — arteria carótida (común); circumflex (coronary) — arteria (coronaria) circunfleja; coronary — arteria coronaria; femoral — arteria femoral; iliac — arteria ilíaca or iliaca; left anterior descending (coronary) — arteria (coronaria) descendente anterior izquierda; left (main) coronary — arteria coronaria (principal) izquierda; (superior, inferior) mesenteric — arteria mesentérica (superior, inferior); popliteal — arteria poplítea; radial — arteria radial; right coronary — arteria coronaria derecha; subclavian — arteria subclavia
References in classic literature ?
For instance, the student's sword may break, and the end of it fly up behind his antagonist's ear and cut an artery which could not be reached if the sword remained whole.
His adversary had fallen senseless with excessive pain and the flow of blood, that gushed from an artery or a large vein.
the venous artery (arteria venosa), likewise inappropriately thus designated, because it is simply a vein which comes from the lungs, where it is divided into many branches, interlaced with those of the arterial vein, and those of the tube called the windpipe, through which the air we breathe enters; and the great artery which, issuing from the heart, sends its branches all over the body.
My home now was upon an avenue leading into the plaza from the south, the main artery down which we had marched from the gates of the city.
At nine the train stopped at the important town of North Platte, built between the two arms of the river, which rejoin each other around it and form a single artery a large tributary whose waters empty into the Missouri a little above Omaha.
The fever of war that would presently clog vein and artery, deaden nerve and destroy brain, had still to develop.
The romantic pass of the Notch is a great artery, through which the life-blood of internal commerce is continually throbbing between Maine, on one side, and the Green Mountains and the shores of the St.
While the Northwesters continued to push their enterprises into the hyperborean regions from their stronghold at Fort William, and to hold almost sovereign sway over the tribes of the upper lakes and rivers, the Mackinaw Company sent forth their light perogues and barks, by Green Bay, Fox River, and the Wisconsin, to that areas artery of the West, the Mississippi; and down that stream to all its tributary rivers.
When they entered, Meunier had already opened the artery in the long thin neck that lay rigid on the pillow, and I dismissed them, ordering them to remain at a distance till we rang: the doctor, I said, had an operation to perform--he was not sure about the death.
At first the sound, carrying diluted through the still air, resembled the beating of an artery in the head.
Sitting alone at night in his library, after the household had gone to bed, he had evoked the radiant outbreak of spring down the avenues of horse-chestnuts, the flowers and statues in the public gardens, the whiff of lilacs from the flower-carts, the majestic roll of the river under the great bridges, and the life of art and study and pleasure that filled each mighty artery to bursting.
The figure was that of a man without a skin; with every vein, artery, muscle, every fiber and tendon and tissue of the human frame represented in minute detail.