artichoke


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Related to artichoke: artichoke plant

ar·ti·choke

 (är′tĭ-chōk′)
n.
1.
a. A Mediterranean thistlelike plant (Cynara scolymus) in the composite family, having pinnately divided leaves and large discoid heads of bluish flowers.
b. The edible, immature flower head of this plant. Also called globe artichoke.
2. The Jerusalem artichoke.

[Northern Italian dialectal articiocco, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-ḫaršuf : al-, the + ḫuršūf, ḫaršūf, artichoke (perhaps from Middle Persian *xār-čōb, literally, thorn-stick : xār, thorn; akin to Sanskrit khara-, rough, sharp + čōb, stick).]

artichoke

(ˈɑːtɪˌtʃəʊk)
n
1. (Plants) Also called: globe artichoke a thistle-like Eurasian plant, Cynara scolymus, cultivated for its large edible flower head containing many fleshy scalelike bracts: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. (Plants) the unopened flower head of this plant, which can be cooked and eaten
3. (Plants) See Jerusalem artichoke
[C16: from Italian articiocco, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-kharshūf]

ar•ti•choke

(ˈɑr tɪˌtʃoʊk)

n.
1. Also called globe artichoke.
a. a tall thistlelike composite plant, Cynara scolymus, native to the Mediterranean region, of which the numerous scalelike bracts and receptacle of the immature flower head are eaten as a vegetable.
b. the large, rounded, closed flower head itself.
[1525–35; < Upper Italian articiocco < Old Spanish alcarchofa < dial. Arabic al-kharshūf]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.artichoke - Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower headartichoke - Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
artichoke, globe artichoke - a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart
Cynara, genus Cynara - artichoke; cardoon
vegetable - any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower
2.artichoke - a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heartartichoke - a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart
veg, vegetable, veggie - edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant
artichoke heart - the tender fleshy center of the immature artichoke flower
artichoke, artichoke plant, Cynara scolymus, globe artichoke - Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
Translations
artyčok
artiskok
artiŝoko
artisokkalatva-artisokka
artičoka
articsóka
アーティチョーク
아티초크
kronärtskocka
อาร์ติโช๊ค
atisô

artichoke

[ˈɑːtɪtʃəʊk] N
1. (= globe artichoke) → alcachofa f, alcaucil m
2. (= Jerusalem artichoke) → aguaturma f, cotufa f (LAm)

artichoke

[ˈɑːrtɪtʃəʊk] nartichaut m Jerusalem artichoke

artichoke

artichoke

[ˈɑːtˌɪtʃəʊk] n (globe artichoke) → carciofo; (Jerusalem artichoke) → topinambur m inv

artichoke

خُرْشُوف artyčok artiskok Artischocke αγκινάρα alcachofa artisokka artichaut artičoka carciofo アーティチョーク 아티초크 artisjok artisjokk karczoch alcachofra артишок kronärtskocka อาร์ติโช๊ค enginar atisô 朝鲜蓟
References in classic literature ?
The interior looked like a white pasty, a sort of soft crumb, the flavour of which was like that of an artichoke.
Yet, had he come," thought Dantes, "he would have found the treasure, and Borgia, he who compared Italy to an artichoke, which he could devour leaf by leaf, knew too well the value of time to waste it in replacing this rock.
Very similar is his reference to seasons through what happens or is done in that season: `when the House- carrier, fleeing the Pleiades, climbs up the plants from the earth', is the season for harvesting; or `when the artichoke flowers and the clicking grass-hopper, seated in a tree, pours down his shrill song', is the time for rest.
The case of the Jerusalem artichoke, which is never propagated by seed, and of which consequently new varieties have not been produced, has even been advanced--for it is now as tender as ever it was--as proving that acclimatisation cannot be effected
474) says that the cardoon and artichoke are both found wild.
Artichoke professes his readiness so to do, endeavours to do so, but fails.
Artichoke failing signally, my client refers the task to me: his purpose being to advance the interests of the object of his search.
Then consider what victual or esculent things there are, which grow speedily, and within the year; as parsnips, carrots, turnips, onions, radish, artichokes of Hierusalem, maize, and the like.
Nature had temporarily exhausted her floral blessings, and was jogging along with potatoes and artichokes and things.
Tom did his best to sell only his own excellent but limited range of produce; but Progress came shoving things into his window, French artichokes and aubergines, foreign apples-- apples from the State of New York, apples from California, apples from Canada, apples from New Zealand, "pretty lookin' fruit, but not what I should call English apples," said Tom-- bananas, unfamiliar nuts, grape fruits, mangoes.
There was watercress soup, and sole, and a delightful omelette stuffed with mushrooms and truffles, and two small rare ducklings, and artichokes, and a dry yellow Rhone wine of which Bartley had always been very fond.
Creative company Artichoke, is again calling for creative submissions following the success of the BRILLANT local commissioning schemes held in 2011 and 2013.